UNITED STATES HEALTH CARE SYSTEM 7
UNITEDSTATES HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
UNITEDSTATES HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
Healthequity and increased quality of healthy life for people can beachieved through accessing general quality healthcare services.Access to health services is significant for everyone to achieve thebest health results such as prevention of disabilities and diseases,discovery, and curing of health conditions, improving the quality oflife, preventing deaths and increasing longevity. However, somebarriers hinder some people in accessing quality healthcare servicesin the United States Health Care System, therefore, lowering thequality of life. The barriers include high costs, an absence ofinsurance coverage and lack of availability (Escobaret al., 2010).The restrictions can lead to hospitalizations, incapability ofgetting preventive services, unmet health requirements and hindrancein receiving proper care.
Physicaland financial aspects contribute more in access to health careservices in United States Health Care System. There are fourcomponents to be considered to correctly understand access to healthservices including timeless, coverage, workforce and services. Anindividual who wishes to seek medical attention in United StatesHealth Care System needs to have a medical insurance cover. It isvery expensive to acquire the health insurance cover hindering someof the people in receiving better medical care services. Theuninsured patients may die early or have deprived health status(Afifi et al., 2013). Health insurance coverage assists in meetinglarge medical bills that could arise during treatment.
Ifmany people visit the Healthcare Systems, then the management canimprove medical care services. Potential patients usually receivebetter health results with less cost and fewer disparities. A primarycare provider (PCP) assists in creating good relationships with thepatients. Having better PCPs is connected with excellentcommunication, greater trust and increased expectations that patientwill get proper health care services. United States Health CareSystem also provides emergency medical services (EMS) for lifesupport to the patients (Buss & Van, 2014).
TheUnited States Health Care System provides medical care and healthservices quickly and efficiently when any need is retrieved. Theidentification of specific tests is made quickly to avoid delays inmedical care. The workforce includes all the employers and employeesin the Healthcare System. The managers, therapists, technicians,nurses, pharmacists among others attend their duties accordinglywithout any complications to ensure effectiveness in provision anddelivery of medical care services (Collen, 2015). Health ITinfrastructure is properly installed and programmed with the latesttechnological advancement which contributes much to the provision ofbetter health services. Employees use various advanced medicalequipment to perform their duties and deliver better treatments tothe patients.
InOctober 2015, the U.S spent more cash on an individual’s medicalcare than other countries while experiencing worst health outcomesand lowest life expectancy. The analysis illustrated that U.S. HealthCare System spent approximately $9, 086 per head yearly withlongevity of 78.8 years. The is a difference regarding lifeexpectancy which is 82.9 years in Switzerland that spent $6, 325 perhead (Askin& Moore, 2012). The study portrays that U.S spend much on health care not becauseresidents visit hospitals many times, but because the medical carecosts are high and use of advanced medical technology in treatments.
Themortality rate for cancer patients was recorded lowest in U.S.However, the infant mortality, obesity and chronic conditions rateswere high as compared to abroad nations. Americans visit health caresystem at least four times annually. U.S. residents also seek medicalattention in hospital rarely with only 126 visits in a population of1,000 people unlike in Germany which is 252 visits (Askin& Moore, 2012).The most expensive diagnostic imaging exams such PET exams, CT scans,and MRIs are conducted in U.S. Healthcare System with very high cost.Adult people in U.S take more recommendation drugs than other adultsfrom other nations abroad. The drugs are so expensive which have adouble price compared to the same prescription medicines from othernations such as Australia and Canada.
Thehealth care services in U.S are more expensive than elsewhere. Forexample, heart bypass surgery costs at least $75, 345 in Americawhile in Netherlands it is only $15, 742 where it is less expensive.From the outlook, both personal and government expenditure is veryhigh. Americans spend much money to cater for their health which canbe used in other ways such as investments. The government incursfiscal deficits because of high payments of the workforce,prescription of drugs and procurement of advanced technological,medical equipment in the U.S Health Care System (Askin& Moore, 2012).Total expenditure on health care system amounts to approximately$261.2 billion which is 21.6 percent of U.S health care totalexpenses.
Thequality of health care can determine if a health care system offerssuccessful treatments and diagnosis, delivery of deterrent servicesand proper management of body pains. Factors such as mortality rates,population health, and quality of care provided, patient safety andaccess to care are used to determine the quality level of U.S. HealthCare System. The U.S has improved in mortality for pneumonia, strokeand heart attack within 30 days of admitted patients (Lundy &Janes, 2016). The performance is referred to as short-term resultsfollowing diagnosis or treatment. At this period the diseases arewell prevented and managed. For example, diabetic amputationsdecreased from 37.5 to 17.1 in a population of 100,000 people in theyear 2010.
Preventiveservices’ measures can also be used check the quality of care. Thepreventive services include the figure of kids receiving prescribedvaccinations, the number of humans screened for various types ofdiseases, and the numeral of people acquiring educational orinstructional information about disease prevention and management.The number of individuals who received the preventable care andprescribed screening in 2012 was only 42 percent of adults aged 50years and above. Similar outcomes were recorded in recent years inthe U.S. Healthcare System (Lundy & Janes, 2016). Thereadmissions of short-term patients visiting the Health Care Systemdropped up to 16.9 percent in 2013 from 18.4 percent in 2007.Thepatients’ readmissions improved because of increased percentage ofpeople who received instructions for successful recovery andresidential places after discharge. The number rose from 79 percentto 86 percent in the year 2007 and 2013 respectively.
Inconclusion, there are many interactions both internal and externalfactors that affect U.S healthcare system. Health insurance cover isone of financial requirement required for accessing health servicesin America. Uninsured people can only use out-of-pocket payments toaccess medical care which is very expensive when paying large medicalbills. U.S healthcare system should reduce the health careexpenditures by reducing the costs of treatments and reducingworkforce salaries. The quality of attention in U.S healthcare systemis on average where even the mortality rate is low, and children getvaccinated at considerable age. U.S healthcare system educated peoplethe prevention measures against certain diseases thereby decreasingthe number of patients seeking the medical care in the healthcaresystem.
Afifi,A. A., Rice, T. H., Andersen, R. M., Rosenstock, L., & Kominski,G. F. (2013).Changingthe U.S. Health Care System: Key Issues in Health Services Policy andManagement.San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass.
Askin, E.,& Moore, N., (2012).TheHealth Care Handbook: A Clear and Concise Guide to the United StatesHealth Care System.St. Louis: Washington University.
Buss,T. F., & Van, D. W. P. (2014). ExpandingAccess to Health Care.Armonk: Routledge.
Collen,M. F. (2015). AHistory of Medical Informatics in the United States.M. J. Ball (Ed.). New York: Springer.
Escobar,M. L., Griffin, C. C., Shaw, R. P., & Brookings Institution.(2010). TheImpact of Health Insurance in Low and Middle-Income Countries.Washington, D. C: Brookings Institution Press.
Lundy,K. S., & Janes, S. (2016). CommunityHealth Nursing: Caring for the Public`s Health.Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.