Trepidations of GMO Food Does consuming GMO food cause children to have mental health problems?

Trepidationsof GMO Food: Does consuming GMO food cause children to have mentalhealth problems?

Contents

Abstract 3

Section 1 4

Introduction 4

Research problem 4

Background information 5

Research design 6

Research Question 6

Target audience/population 7

Section 2 7

Argumentative Essay 7

Argument 8

Counter-argument 11

Section Three 12

Research on genetically modified organism (GMO) 12

Benefits of GMO 13

Disadvantages of GMO 14

GMO Food and children`s health 16

Regulation of GM Foods 18

Labelling of GM Foods 18

Recommendation 19

Conclusion 20

References 21

Abstract

Theuse of genetically modified organism (GMO) is one of the mostcontroversial issues around the world. GMO mainly refers to specialorganisms whose genetic composition have been altered to enhanceproductivity while at the same time ensure the quality of produce.This technique was developed as a result of the ever increasingpopulation and diminishing resources. Organizations such as the WorldHealth Organization observed that in the future, many countriesaround the world would have to face food insecurity. Harshenvironmental factors such as long period of droughts, unavailabilityof rainfall in some areas especially sub-Saharan Africa and attacksby pests and herbs necessitated scientist to come up with a solutionthat could ensure global food security. However, although theintention behind the emergence of GMO is clear, it is evident thatthere are a lot of controversies surrounding its usage. According tosome sections of the population, GMOs are harmful to our health andcontinuous consumption of these transgenic crops can lead to serioushealth consequences and destruction of the environment. This researchpaper seeks to analyze some of the pros and cons of GM foods and howthey are linked to mental health problems in children.

Section 1 Introduction

TheCenter for Disease Control (CDC) state that mental health problemsaffect about one in 10 children and young people in the United States(CDC.gov, 2016). Additionally, further research also states thatmajority of mental health illness begin by the age of 14 years(CDC.gov, 2016). Once one has been diagnosed with particular mentalillness, it easily becomes part of his or her behavior and can bevery difficult to treat. There are several things or attributes thatcan help an individual determine a child is suffering from mentalhealth problems. An example of behaviors to look out for includedecline in school performance, hyperactivity, persistent nightmareand aggressive behaviors among others (Kral, Eriksen, Souders &ampPinto-Martin, 2013). Several factors can cause mental health problemsin children. Some of the principal causes include genetics, poornutrition, and social problems. It is evident that with populationincrease, the demand for food has significantly increased. As aresult, researchers have developed genetically modified food tosustain the high demand. However, there has been a lot ofcontroversies regarding the safety of GMO food, especially onchildren`s mental development. Children face the greatest risksbecause they have fast-developing bodies and are thus moresusceptible to nutritional problems.

Thesis:Earlier exposure to genetic foods consumption can cause children tohave mental health problems.

Researchproblem

Thisresearch seeks to address how consuming GMO food cause children tohave mental health problems. It is evident that people are nowconsuming genetically engineered organism such as corns and somevariety of grains. Since these products are being manipulated usingmodern biotechnology principles they have an impact on human beings.Since children have a weaker immune system, and their bodies arerapidly developing, GM foods can have negative impacts as is seen insome mental health conditions. By elaborating more on the topic, theresearch paper aims to provide additional knowledge that can help incoming up with effective intervention to save millions of children inthe country.

Backgroundinformation

Theterm GM foods or organisms refers to particular crop plants that havebeen engineered for human consumption using modern molecules andbiological methods. These are aimed at enhancing desired traits suchas resistance to pests and to improve certain nutritional content.Unlike the traditional conventional methods which usually have thesame effects, with genetic engineering, it is possible to createplants that have the specific characters or attributes with greataccuracy. An example of this is when a plant geneticists isolatecertain genes that are responsible for drought resistance and usesthe gene on another plant. The result of this is that the new plantbecomes a genetically modified version and can tolerate drought aswell. Genetic engineering is not confined to plants alone, recentresearch in molecular biology and biotechnology have enabledscientists to split genes in a non-plant organism (Reisch, Eberle &ampLorek, 2013). The best-known example of this is seen in corn andother types of plants.

Consequently,it is now also possible to carry out genetic sequencing and analysisin some bacteria that are of medical or industrial importance. Suchbacteria include Bacillus thuringiensis that is used to producecrystal proteins. The food and drug administration in the UnitedStates is tasked with ensuring that biotechnology firms adhere togood manufacturing practices and produce new or modified productsthat do not pose any harm to human beings. The regulatory bodycurrently state that there are more than 40 plants varieties thatmeet their safety standards. Existing statistics indicate thatAmericans are slowly accepting the use of GMO as an intervention tofood insecurity. However, despite these positive impacts of GMO, itis evident that there is a lot of criticisms associated with theirusage. Research has established that some micro-organisms causeunintended harm to other organisms. Additionally, it has also beenconfirmed that following genetic engineering, some genes have beentransferred to non-target species. For human beings, GMO’s areassociated with allergenicity, and this is very common in children.Extensive research has demonstrated that GM foods can harm childrenwho are allergic to certain components of the plant. There has alsobeen an argument that GM ingredients can alter gut flora and thuspromoting pathogens and thus interfering with mental and physicalhealth

Researchdesign

Thisresearch will mainly adopt qualitative research design. It will usesecondary sources that are published in credible journal articles.Qualitative data will be collected from credible journal databasessuch as Ebscohost, PUBMED, Medline Plus and Google Scholar and otherwebsites such as Center Disease Control and World Health Organizationwebsites. Additionally, government regulations and documents,academic or governmental studies and surveys will also be used toanswer the stated research questions.

ResearchQuestion

  1. Does consuming GMO food cause children to have mental health problems

Targetaudience/population

Althoughthis research is intended for the general population. It emphasizesmore on Children`s health. It seeks to affirm that consuming GMO foodcause children to have mental health problems. Even though most ofthese diseases are treatable, it is equally important to point outthe root causes mental disorders need to be evaluated and effectiveintervention sought. The reason for focusing in this aggregate isbecause children face the greatest risk from harms associated with GMfoods. This is because they are more susceptible to allergies,antibiotic resistant diseases and are easily affected problems withmilk. Unlike adults, cells in young children are rapidly dividing,and any foreign substance that finds its way into their body caninfluence normal growth and development and have toxic effects on thebrain cells. Another target audiences are mothers since they arelikely to pass toxic substances from their system to their childrenthrough breastfeeding.

Section2ArgumentativeEssay

Geneticallymodified crops and food generally involve the deliberate altering ofthe genetic components of plants and animals in order to have thedesired properties or qualities. Researchers have used Biotechnologyto solve various agricultural and food production concerns. GM cropsare preferred because of their resistant to pesticides and highyields. Most foods that are available in locale stores have beengenetically modified in order to curb food insecurity in the country.One of the organization that has been focusing on food biotechnologyis the Food and Drug Administration. It is tasked with ensuring thesafety of genetic modified food so that they do not have unwantedhealth effects. Despite these measures, there have always been a lotof controversies in regards to the safety of GM food especially forchildren. Evidenced based research suggest that with their weakimmune system, children are more vulnerable to the toxic effects ofGM foods. Consuming GM food cause children to have mental healthproblems because at a tender age, they are more susceptible andhypersensitive to the foreign chemicals and substances contained inthe foods.

Argument

Thehistory of genetically modified organisms in the United States datesback to 1994 when the first genetically approved GM crop wasintroduced into the market. Unlike other conventional tomatoes, FLAVRSAVR had a longer shelf life, and this encouraged the people toembrace it (Pifer, 2013). By the end of 1999, more than 100 millionacres were already set aside for the plantation of GM food crops. Inthe subsequent years, FDA approved canola, potato, soy and cotton.Countries with inadequate resources and situated in areas with harshenvironmental conditions can benefit from biotechnology because theyprovide stable crops. They are provided with agricultural productsthat are able to withstand the unfavorable weather conditions andthus ensuring constant food supply to the citizens despite thedrought, pest or any other agricultural hazard. With the currentpopulation being above 7 billion people and this is predicted todouble in the next five decades, it is evident that more investmentin the field of biotechnology is key to global food security (CDC.gov2016). However, for it to be widely accepted, there is some criticalconcern that the biotech firms and government regulatory agenciesought to address. These include issues of patency of food products,safety of the synthetic constituents, labelling criteria. Thesefactors have significantly contributed to the existing negativitytowards GMO.

GMOis believed to cause mental health problems because it weakens theimmune system and thus increasing a child`s susceptibility to mentalillness. These can be proven by statistics which shows that even withthe kind of wealth that is found in the main Western countries suchas Europe and the United States the numbers of those suffering frommental illness have literary doubled since 1990 and life expectancydecreased (Notaras, Hill, &amp Buuse, 2016). For example, the centerfor disease control state that Autism which is a mental disorder nowaffects 1 in every 88 children in America, In 1970s, the rates wereat one in 250002 (Brogan, 2015). Additionally, other conditions suchas celiac diseases are on the rise and children are now four timesmore likely to have suffered from it than it was 60 years ago.Lastly, the fact that the older generation are being diagnosed withAlzheimer`s disease suggest that the problem could have startedduring their childhood years. Jeffrey Smith in his documentary triesto convince Americans that one of the factors that could havecontributed to these statistics is the country`s food supply system(Reisch, Eberle &amp Lorek, 2013). He acknowledges that most of theproceeded GM food are considered foreign by the body and as a result,they are likely to interfere with the normal body functions and thuscausing serious health conditions as is seen in Autism for children.

GMOcauses mental health problems in children because one of the primaryingredients is gluten and is associated with certain damages to brainhealth. Gluten is a protein that is found in grains such as barley,rye and wheat. Research has shown that it may have negative impactson brain health and mood (Bawa &amp Anilakumar, 2013). It istherefore, likely that children who are fed on gluten from an earlyage are likely to suffer from depression and certain mood disorders.Further research has even showed that wheat can have a detrimentaleffects on promoting depression and this can result in conditionssuch as schizophrenia. From the above case, it is therefore evidentthat genetically engineered ingredients can alter gut components andthus promoting the growth of pathogens that ultimately affectphysical and mental health (Brogan, 2015). Gluten is associated withhigh obesity prevalence in the United States. School going childrenwho are overweight suffer low self-esteem because they are oftenmocked by their peers. This can have a lot of negative impacts on thechild`s development because it can lead to depression and other moodrelated disorders. Additionally, if not properly managed, it mayresult in high school drop-out rates and even suicide attempts.

Glyphosateis a very important herbicide. Every year, it is estimated thatfarmers nearly apply 1 Billion pounds on food crops around the world(CDC.gov 2016). Once ingested into the system, research has shownthat glyphosate cause significant nutritional deficiencies. Some ofthese nutrients are essential for brain development and formation ofnew neural pathways that help in determining intelligence. Childrenwho frequently consume food crops that have been sprayed withglyphosate suffer brain functions and mood control problems. On theother hand, research has also shown that glyphosate can causesystemic toxicity. The FDA recently declared it a probable humancarcinogen (FDA-APA, 2013). Besides these, evidence also suggeststhat it can increase antibiotic resistance for micro-organisms suchas Salmonella Typhi and E. coli which are the causative agents ofTyphoid and Dysentery respectively.

Childrenunlike adults have a weak immune system. Their body defense systemusually rely on acquired immunity from their mother and body`snatural defense mechanism. When a foreign object invade the body, theimmune system is usually finely tuned to detect it and initiateappropriate mechanism to defend itself. For a healthy human being,the immune system is able to distinguish potential threat in the bodyand get rid of it thus preventing harm or onset of an illness. One adisease has attacked the immune system, the body has a way of storingmemory of the specific antibodies in preparation for any subsequentattacks. However, in the case of genetically engineered food, theimmune system sees a gene sequence that is supposed to resemble&quotfood&quot but it has no memory of it (Reisch, Eberle &ampLorek, 2013). As a result, it initiate an attack and the food mostlybecomes toxic. This causes inflammatory responses and may lead to theonset of a very chronic disease. For young children, such anexperience may be traumatic and may cause several mental and healthcomplications.

Lastly,consuming GMO food cause children to have mental health problembecause some of the ingredients in by-products are rich in sugarwhich causes depression. According to research, there is a verystrong link between depression and sugar. Fructose for instance canaggravate depression by supporting the growth of pathogens in the GIT(Wunderlich &amp Gatto, 2015). Additionally, evidence also suggestthat sugar usually suppresses the activity of essential hormones suchas brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Individuals sufferingfrom depression and Schizophrenia have low levels of BDNF (Notaras,Hill, &amp Buuse, 2016). Additionally, as had been mentionedearlier, high sugar meals tend to facilitate chemical reactions inthe body which resulted in elevated levels of chronic inflammationthus disrupting the normal immune system hence causing havoc in thebrain. On the other hand, since the majority of GM foods are grains,it is evident that contribute to Leptin and Insulin resistance andthis affects the mental health of children who are usually fed fromsuch dietary supplements.

Counter-argument

Counterargument to the claim that consuming GMO food cause children to havemental health problem state that there are a lot of benefits ofconsuming these food products. For instance, it creates pestresistance and thus saving people from the toxic effects ofpesticides such as systemic toxicity. In any society, people do notwish to consume food that has been treated with pesticides.Additionally, when pesticides find their way into the soil and waterbodies, they cause more harmful effects such as land and waterpollution. Additionally, with the use of GM food crops, it is evidentthat it eliminates the burden of removing weeds manually throughfarming techniques such as tilling and is time conscious. A farmerwho has invested in GM crops will only need certain types of seedsthat have gene engineered and thus reduce production cost andminimize agricultural wastes. It is also true that GM crops aredisease and cold tolerant (Kral, Eriksen, Souders &amp Pinto-Martin,2013). However, most importantly, use of GM foods guarantee foodsecurity even under the toughest weather conditions. The result ofthis is that many lives are saved because children get to haveadequate food supply to enable them grow and become influentialmembers of the society.

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SectionThree Researchon genetically modified organism (GMO)

Geneticallymodified organisms are plants that have been modified in thelaboratories through modern molecular techniques so as to enhanceparticular traits such as improved nutritional content andproductivity. Genetic engineering is the particular field which isconcerned with analyzing desired qualities of plants and creating thedesired attributes by inserting the specific gene in the differentplants. The practice is not confined to plants alone, with modernbiotechnology, it has been extended to other areas, and now certainforms of bacteria can also be modified so as to carry out certainprocesses. A good example of this is demonstrated by Bacillusthuringiensis. In the United States, the legal entity that is taskedwith regulating the production or synthesis of GM crops is the Foodand Drug Administration agency. Currently, there are over 40 plantvarieties that have been approved (Bawa &amp Anilakumar, 2013).Examples of these plants include cantaloupes and tomatoes that havemodified characters.

Oneof the biggest obstacles to GMO acceptance globally has beenreligion. According to Christian and Islamic teachings, everythingwas created by God. His creations are considered natural ad blessed,and there is nothing unethical about them. On the other hand, GMOsare not natural products because they have been created by man. As aresult, many Christians are usually of the opinion that interferingwith genetics undermine God`s creations and should thus not beencouraged. According to such doctrines, no one has the right tointerfere with God creation for whichever reason. Such people whobelieve in this teachings tend to have a lot of negativity towardsGMO, and as a result, if they manage to influence others intoagreeing with their positions, it hinders any effort or researchaimed at developing new products that are able to meet the needs anddemands of the population.

Benefits ofGMO

Bearingin mind that the world`s population may soon double the current, itis evident that there are a lot of benefits of GM foods on thesociety. For instance, adoption of GM technology promises toalleviate problems of the inadequate food supply because its cropsare resistant to pests. Annually, farmers spend huge sums of money inpest controls. Even after purchasing some of the best-knownpesticides, the farmer is always not guaranteed of high yield.

Additionally,since pesticide usage is associated with several soil and watertoxicities, consumers do not usually wish to eat food that have beentreated with pesticides because of the health risks involved. Allthese problems can be solved if the farmers agree to grow GM foodssuch as Bacillus thuringiensis corns. This species eliminate theapplication of chemicals as pesticides and as a result, reduces thegeneral operation and farming cost for the farmer.

Additionally,those who grow GM food crops do not have to spend their moneyremoving weeds by physical means. Additionally, such farmers do nothave to spray herbicides to destroy weeds in their firms, and this isbecause GM crops have herbicide tolerance properties. The result ofthis is that farmers who opt for GM food crops tend to save a lot oftime and expensive processes. In the long run, the environment alsobenefits. Currently, there is a particular variety of Soya beans thatis grown in Monsanto which require only one application ofweed-killer as opposed to multiple spraying. This has lowered thecost of production in such areas and also limited the dangers ofagricultural waste.

Anothermajor advantage of GM foods is that they are disease resistant.Unlike normal organic plants, they cannot be infected by bacteria,viruses, and fungi that cause diseases. Additionally, they cantolerate low temperatures because of the presence of an antifreezegene which is usually borrowed from cold water fish (Notaras, Hill &ampvan den Buuse, 2016). Following the insertion of this gene, they cantolerate cold temperatures that would have killed unmodified versionsof the plant.

Apartfrom the benefits mentioned above, there are other advantages such asdrought tolerance, high nutritional content and their applicabilityor usage in pharmaceutical medicines and vaccines development. Thisability has enabled many developing countries in Africa and theMiddle East to continue with their farming activities despite theunfavorable climates.

Disadvantagesof GMO

Oneof the major disadvantages of GM crops is that it has destroyedorganic farming industry by contaminating organic foods. Advocates ofGMO have often argued that transgenic plants show a lot of resistanceto some insects and herbicides and this helps in reducingenvironmental contamination. However, it is also possible that theresistant genes found in these crops be passed to the ecologicalsystem and this can result in the emergence of mutation as a resultof biotechnology (Brogan, 2015). Such a case can interfere with thenatural system and the impact on the environment can be disastrous.Additionally, some plants which have incorporated pesticides may endup killing insects and thus interfering with the balance of nature.This may spell doom for those farmers who are engaged in organicfarming and rely on these insects for processes such as pollination.

Anothermajor disadvantage of GM food crops can be seen in terms of itseffects on human health. Many children in Europe and the UnitedStates have been admitted into the intensive care unit afterdeveloping life-threatening allergies associated with peanuts andother GM based foods (Wunderlich &amp Gatto, 2015). Additionally,when plants are growing in the farms, there are possibilities that ifa gene gets into another plant, it may result in a new allergen.Research has also shown that some types of genetically modified foodencourage pathogen`s growth in the gut and this makes an individualsusceptible to microbial infections.

Thereis also the notion among consumers that the whole world is beingforced by multinational biotechnology companies to grow and consumeGM food crops. Some of the leading biotechnology firms such asMonsanto and Novartis get a lot of revenue from the sale of GMO-basedproducts and by ensuring that their gain market dominance (NotarasHill &amp Buuse, 2016). As a result, many people fear that ifencouraged, all food in the world can become GMO or their productsand since natural food has always been the best, it is likely thatthe quality of food that is available for human consumption will alsobe reduced.

Anothermajor disadvantage of GMOs is seen in terms of its economic impacts.For s a start, it is costly to bring foods to the market. Sinceagricultural biotechnology firms are also interested in makingprofits like any other business, they usually pass on the costresearch costs, transportation and marketing charges to the consumerby increasing prices for their commodities. Additionally, many newplant genetic engineering technologies are usually patented. For newbusinesses wishing to venture into this field, copyright infringementis a very big concern that needs to be addressed because it canresult in serious lawsuits. On the side of the consumer, patenting ofnew plants results in rise in seed prices and this has discouragedmany farmers from developing and third world countries frompurchasing the seed for GM crops (Pifer, 2013). This has, in turn,widened the gap between the wealthy and the poor.

GMOFood and children`s health

Childrenrequire food for growth and development. Unlike adults, there are alot of reactions that are taking place in their body, and as aresult, they need very nutritious food. Children face a higher riskfrom potential arms associated with genetically modified foodsbecause they are susceptible to problems with milk and allergies. Ina research conducted by scientists to investigate the health impactsof GM foods on rats, the experimental results showed that after beingfed on GM foods, the rats suffered significant health damages afterten years (Kral, Eriksen, Souders &amp Pinto-Martin, 2013). Some ofthe organs that were damaged included the immune and digestivesystem, liver, testicles, brain region and they also showed signs ofcancerous cells in their intestines. Based on these results, it is,therefore, evident that fast-developing bodies of young children arealso negatively affected by the consumption of genetically modifiedfood.

Consumptionof genetically modified foods poses a lot of risk to children becauseof the likelihood of developing allergies. Normally, children areusually more prone to allergies than adults. In the case of infants,the conditions are even worse because they usually have the highestincidences of reactions especially if they encounter new allergens intheir diet. Research has shown that any baby food with is a GM or itsproducts could lead to a dramatic rise in cases of allergies (CDC.gov2016).Mothers who frequently rely on GM corn as a major source of proteinfor his or her children, therefore, exposes the child to a lot ofrisks. Additionally, children also face a lot of risks because theyare more susceptible to nutritional problems. In a report by the UK`sroyal society, it was established that genetic modification inchildren supplements could have unpredicted harmful effects on thestate of food. It is, therefore, evident that before being given towomen and children, there is a need for adequate research in order toavoid unwanted effects.

Anothermajor problem with GMO foods is seen in terms of its primaryingredients which are associated with serious health effects,especially in the brain. Some GMO based products usually have glutenas an essential ingredient. An example of food containing glutenincludes wheat and barley among others. When ingested into thesystem, such children are likely to develop depression, and in somecases, the situation may escalate to schizophrenia. Additionally, inthe gastrointestinal tract, gluten tend to encourage the growth ofpathogens, and this can ultimately result in mental health problems.

Thereis also some evidence suggesting that gluten increases the likelihoodof an individual being obese. Obesity on its own has several social,emotional and psychological impacts and this may cause related mooddisorders that eventually result in depression. On the same point oningredients, another important constituent of GM crops is glyphosate.If it finds its way into the human digestive system, it is associatedwith severe nutritional deficiency and may hinder normal braindevelopment and the formation of new neural pathways which aresignificant in determining IQ (Wunderlich &amp Gatto, 2015). As aresult, children who frequently consume foods that have been sprayedwith glyphosate are at a higher risk of suffering from systemictoxicity.

Regulationof GM Foods

Priorto explaining on how GM foods are being regulated in the UnitedStates, it is important to note that in some countries, geneticallymodified foods are banned. In the United States, various governmentagencies are tasked with ensuring the quality and safety of GM foods.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for instance, is taskedwith evaluating the GM plants and determine whether they gavecomplied with the necessary environmental and safety. Additionally,it is is also responsible for regulating substances that are used inagricultural processes such as pesticides which can cause harm to theenvironment.

Anotherorganization named the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) on theother hand is tasked with evaluating there the plant is safe to grow.The FDA is the one who conducts the laboratory analysis, clinicaltrials, and other evaluations to determine if the plant is safe forconsumption. Initially, the FDA was mainly concerned withpharmaceutical products such as drugs and cosmetics and foodadditives. However, under the current guidelines, its functions havebeen expanded to incorporate GM products.

Labellingof GM Foods

Inorder to ensure the safety of the products, labeling of GM foods isvery important. Additionally, effective labeling techniques allow foreasy regulation because customers will show preferences for labeledfoods over the non-labelled. Many consumer organizations in theUnited States are demanding that all GM based foods and plants shouldbe labeled. Their side of the argument is that people have a right toknow what they eat. The law governing the labeling of food productsis governed by the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Acts.

Althoughthe labeling part has not been fully implemented in the UnitedStates, some of the factors that Americans need to take intoconsideration is whether they are willing to absorb the associatedcosts. For instance, it means that farmers and industries will haveto run separate processing and storage units to ensure that theproducts do not mix. Additionally, the same approach will have to beused during planting and harvesting to prevent mix-ups. To thegeneral consumer, this will mean additional costs and higher prices.Some of the states in the United States with pending legislation onGMO labeling include Missouri, Rhode Island, California, andMinnesota. In addition to this, there are also some states that aretrying to put the issue of labeling on the ballot, example statesinclude Florida, Arizona, Oregon and Hawaii.

Recommendation

Conclusively,it is evident that Consuming GM food cause children to have mentalhealth problems. Several factors such as global warming, drought andoverpopulation have necessitated governments and internationalhumanitarian bodies such as the United Nations to initiate programsthat will ensure that people have an adequate food supply. No one candeny that there are many benefits of GMOs because they have enabledhuman beings to manage pests and unwanted plant growths in the farms.Additionally, through genetic engineering, it is now possible forscientists to delete some unwanted genes and thus ensure that theonly preferred attributes of the organisms are reserved.

Onthe other hand, the adverse effects of using GMO have also affectedhumanity in a big way. As an alternative, there is the need toembrace naturally produced crops before resorting to geneticallyengineered organisms. Additionally, in order to avoid any futurecausalities or diseases as a result of the current eating patterns,research need to be conducted to evaluate the long-term effects ofprolonged consumption of GMO (Reisch, Eberle &amp Lorek, 2013).Since children are the most vulnerable population, adequate careshould be taken before adopting any eating formula. As is indicated,children`s bodies are usually sensitive and even if the foods eatendo not cause mental problems, the body may fail to initiate theproper destruction mechanisms, and this can result in systemictoxicities and even death of the child.

Conclusion

ConsumingGM food causes mental and health problems because it weakens theimmune system and thus increasing a child`s susceptibility toillnesses such as depression and mood disorders among others.Additionally, since one of the major ingredient is gluten. It isevident that it is associated with certain damages to brain health.Gluten is found in common baby foods such as barley, rye, and wheat.GM foods also cause mental health problems because their bodies arenot able to effectively distinguish between the genetic sequence ofGM foods and other foreign substances that invade it and this causessystemic toxicities. Lastly, with a majority of the GM foods beinggrains and sugary, it is evident that they may induce depressionlowering the levels of BDNF. As an intervention, from the abovediscussion, it is evident that the society needs to take adequatecare when using GMO products. The government through its variousdepartments is tasked with safeguarding the public from possibleexploitation from some biotechnology companies which are alwaysinterested in making profits at the expense of human health. In orderto reverse the trajectories, it is the duty of everyone to ensurethat they consume quality and safe foods.

References

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Brogan,K. (2015). The Role of the Microbiome in Mental Health: APsychoneuroimmunologic Perspective.&nbspAlternativeand Complementary Therapies,&nbsp21(2),61-67.

CDC.gov(2016)Mental Health Surveillance among Children — United States,2005–2011.(2016).&nbspRetrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6202a1.htm

Kral,T. V., Eriksen, W. T., Souders, M. C., &amp Pinto-Martin, J. A.(2013). Eating behaviors, diet quality, and gastrointestinal symptomsin children with autism spectrum disorders: A brief review.&nbspJournalof pediatric nursing,&nbsp28(6),548-556.

Notaras,M., Hill, R. A., &amp van den Buuse, M. (2016). Dissecting a GenomicRole of BDNF in Schizophrenia and Psychosis.&nbspTheJournal of Clinical Psychiatry,&nbsp77(8),1029-1031.

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Reisch,L., Eberle, U., &amp Lorek, S. (2013). Sustainable food consumption:an overview of contemporary issues and policies.&nbspSustainability:Science, Practice, &amp Policy,&nbsp9(2).

Wunderlich,S., &amp Gatto, K. A. (2015). Consumer perception of geneticallymodified organisms and sources of information.&nbspAdvancesin Nutrition: An International Review Journal,&nbsp6(6),842-851.