Autonomousvehicles have been described as a solution to the rising issues ofurban congestion. One of the leading causes of congestion in thecities is the increased number of vehicles and human error. Since thehuman manned vehicles are often singly used, the autonomous vehiclespromise a change from the above trend whereby they will be able tocover the needs of more than one individual. Shared autonomousvehicles hold the promise of increased space in cities with the mainadvantage coming from the ability of all the people to share thevehicles provide to them. Autonomous vehicles are holding the promiseof better and safe traveling environment given that most of thevehicles use direct electric energy (Alexander 2016).
Parkingis one of the primary space consumers in urban cities. The citieshave to allocate significant portions of land for the parking of allthe vehicles used in the towns. Parking in the assigned spaces doesnot necessarily mean that space will be adequate. The allocated landfor parking may be smaller if there are out of town travelersfrequenting the city (Lyndon 2016). In this case, they will have tocome up with better interventions that will be more capable ofmeeting the overall needs. Most of the times, the travelers have toleave their vehicles out of town and use the public means oftransport to reach their destination. This trend can change with theautonomous vehicles.
Thereduction of parking space promises the increment in the number ofgreen initiatives in the cities. Parking lots are not necessarilysupportive of the green living. Most of the parking lots are locatedin the region next to residential areas. People living in these partsoften find themselves having to contend with the unsightly group ofvehicles resulting in the less admirable image (Alexander 2016).Secondly, the sustainability of neighborhood parking spaces has beenchallenged due to the masses of gasses released from the vehiclesreleased. These gasses often affect the people living in theneighborhoods.
Autonomousvehicles also hold the promise of increased rural travel. Often, thetrips to the countryside surrounding cities are challenging giventhat the logistics and fuel charges could be detrimental for theindividual traveler. This factor limits the ability of the towndwellers to contribute to an otherwise thriving tourism business. Forthe city dwellers to add to the rural tourism and travel, it isimperative that there is a reduction in the costs of travel.Naturally, public means of transport contribute to cost reduction. Apublic network of autonomous vehicles promises an increment in thenumber of tourism activities in the r rural regions surrounding majorcities.
Autonomousvehicles are likely to reduce instances of human error. In mostcases, the highway authorities have to put up signs that are meant toguide the drivers when they are making their choices. In this case,the highway authorities find themselves incurring significantly inthe erection of signs and marking of the roads. The incurrence ofthese costs reduces the capability of the local government to rollout efficient and rapid repairs (CAMERON 2014). Since the autonomousvehicles do not need any controls and can follow their chartedcourse, the approach to the road markings will be significantlychanged with the abolishment of the signage being a reality if theentire transport network is fully automated. There is also thepossibility of increasing the throughput per single lane.
Autonomousvehicles promise the transformation of the transport system. Asopposed to the current individually operated vehicles, theself-driving automobiles promise the development of a system thatwill be devoid of human error. Self-driving vehicles will oftenoperate based on the region or location in which they are located.Through the constant communication with the various satellites, thevehicles will be capable of reducing the speed to configure itsoperations with the real time date on the city locations (CAMERON2014). In this case, self-driving vehicles are capable of followingall the rules applicable to specific areas. In this case,self-driving vehicles will reduce the need of traffic policearresting the offenders or controlling traffic flow. With theautonomous vehicles, there is a possibility of an accident-freetravel and a traffic violation free transport system. This approachhas to be applied in the development of the sustainable future forall the people.
Theintroduction of the self-driving vehicles will also provide pertinentinformation on the management of the transport system. The data willbe transmitted from the vehicles to the set repository. Datatransmission will ensure that the system is configured according tothe real time. The mode of transport also holds the promise ofincreased management of the transportation sources. In most cases,the data will be used in the calculation of the transport costsincurred in the region. Consequently, the mode of transportationwill be based on the pay as you go platform. In this case, theadditional costs that automobile owners incur will be eliminated topave the way for the most sustainable mode of transport.
Self-drivingvehicles also hold the promise of an increase in the traffic safety.Autonomous vehicles have the possibility of a reduced accident ratecompared to the most conventional vehicles (CAMERON 2014). Accidentsare highly attributed to human error with some instances allowing theapportionment of blame to the vehicle status. The accident rate ofthe autonomous vehicles has been reduced significantly. Consequently,the same aspect will be introduced in the transport network with themajority of the people who would have been involved in accidentssaving their lives after the usage of autonomous vehicles.
Automatedvehicles have a low accident propensity. However, the research intothe ability of the vehicles to be included in the market has faultedthe acclaimed safety standards. This means that automated vehiclesare not necessarily capable of meeting the set standards. Theaccident rate of the vehicles has been compared to that of themiddle-aged drivers with a certain level of experience.
Self-drivingcars are increasingly becoming more adept in that they have beenlauded as beneficial for all the people. The proficient technologyhas reduced the number of errors of design and operationalization. Asthe technology becomes affordable, the promise of the driverlessfuture is near in this case the driverless vehicles are more likelyto be rolled out in the transport system at this point as opposed toany other aspect in the future. Driverless cars will be more feasiblein that it will ensure that all the people have attained the neededtransport without the encumbrances of the small safety record ofhuman beings.
Anotherrevolutionary aspect of the self-driving vehicles is that they havethe possibility of communicating with each other. In most cases, lackof understanding between the drivers can result in accidents(Alexander 2016). Most of the accidents witnessed on the roads can beattributed to an individual driver failing to understand what theother driver intends. Miscommunication can be detrimental to thedevelopment of the more active transport network with the informationinterchange failing to meet the actual needs of the travelers.
Developmentof the more accurate communication system between the vehicles cancontribute to better transport standards. When the automated vehiclesare fully introduced in the market, there is a high likelihood of thetransport systems becoming more effective and safer. Based on thehigh-speed internet connectivity, the autonomous vehicles will becapable of pinging each other on the locations of the traffic lightsand distances between each vehicle from the other. The accuracy ofthe information sharing system will increase the propensity of thedriverless vehicles becoming more secure and efficient in meeting thesafety targets in all regions.
Forthe interests of the drivers who would prefer the thrill of driving acar, the same innovations found in the automated vehicles will alsocontribute to the increment of safety in the driven cars. The vehicleto vehicle communication holds the promise of increased informationsharing between drivers(Lyndon 2016). In this case, the vehicles canbe communication about the presence of a particular condition such asan accident or a traffic jam ahead which can be used in thealteration of the approaches to the transport network. In this case,the self-driving vehicles can also act as traffic controllers for thedriven vehicles (Lyndon 2016). Self-driven vehicle technology couldbe added to the existing vehicle technology such that they will beactive in the accident reduction. The technology can be applied inhybrids of self-driven and driver-assisted vehicles.
Theself-driven vehicles also have some detrimental effects on the usersas well as the transport industry in general. Users can assume a morerelaxed perspective in the transport. However, since the autonomousvehicles are computers susceptible to hacks and malfunctions, anyfailure of the system increases the risk of the vehicle beinginvolved in an accident. The vehicles will most likely crash killingthe passengers. In instances like this, the automated vehicles failin meeting the glorified safety standards that have been the maindrivers of the popularization of the alternative.
Automatedvehicles will affect the transport network in a dangerous mannergiven that the majority of the transport operators will be forced tolay off their workforce for the automated transport. In as much asthe move will be necessary due to the changes, the impacts of thisdecision will be felt by all the people. For the people to be fullyemployed, other industries will have to develop at an unprecedentedlyhigh rate. This maybe infeasible future since the growth rate for anyindustry is set (Lyndon 2016). The above move can be reduced if thevehicles have the human aspect whereby a driver can still man thevehicle at some point if the vehicle is not capable of operating inthe anticipated manner. This provision will not only cover issues ofjob retention but also fill up the loopholes in the innovation.
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LyndonB. "10 Benefits of Self-Driving Cars | Autobytel.com." Autobytel| New Car Prices, Used Cars for Sale, Auto Prices, Car Pictures andCar Reviews,Autobytel Inc, 2016,www.autobytel.com/car-ownership/advice/10-benefits-of-self-driving-cars-121032/.Accessed 6 Oct. 2016.
CAMERON S."U.S. Agencies Take Significant Step Toward WirelesslyConnecting Vehicles To One Another." SingularityHUB,Singularity Education Group, 5 Feb. 2014,singularityhub.com/2014/02/05/u-s-agencies-take-significant-step-toward-wirelessly-connecting-vehicles-to-one-another/.Accessed 6 Oct. 2016.