TheInfluence of Team Nursing in the Health of Patients
ICN-International Council of Nurses
ANA- American Nurses Association
Rolesof Nurses in Healthcare
TheNursing practitioners are health care providers that serve acombination of roles. They have to combine the primary careactivities with advanced skills so as to match the demands ofpatients in all settings like the rural communities or inner cities.This section discusses the various roles nurses handle with alongsidethe standard approaches used in the delivery of healthcare. It alsoprovides insight healthcare policies that USA and Canada utilizes,and lastly, the learning outcomes by a detailed conclusion.
Rolesplayed by nursing are pivotal to the health care practice. ICN’sdefinition of nursing is that the profession entails universal,collaborative and free care of people of all groups, families, ages,communities, and those that are sick or healthy. The nurses are alsotasked with the promotion of health and sustaining good healththrough prevention of diseases. It also encompasses the care of thedisabled, dying and ill individuals. Also, the other fundamentalroles of nursing are advocacy, research, promotion of safesurroundings, shaping health policies, education, and health systemsand patient management (Jeffreys,M. R.,2015).
TheANA defines the roles of nursing as the protection, optimization andpromotion of health and abilities, illness and injury prevention, andreducing distress due to ill-health via human response diagnosis andtreatment. It also encompasses advocacy in the care of communities,populations, individuals and families.
Theseand other definitions of the roles of nursing, give a generalargument on what nursing is and its roles in healthcare. Thefunctions include undertaking physical examinations, promotion ofhealth, education, and counseling, administering medications,interpretation of patient information, decision-making on the neededactions, and lastly, research on patient outcomes and improvedpractice (Valentine,M. A., Nembhard, I. M., & Edmondson, A. C.,2015).
USand Canada Healthcare policies
Insome instances, the Canadian system is different from, and much thesame with, the U.S. health care system. For example, even though theAffordable Care Act advocates for more citizens have access to healthinsurance through subsidies and penalties for those that do not haveit, it is a goal yet to be achieved (Jeffreys,M. R.,2015).Onthe other hand, the Canadian Health Act advocates for universality,whereby all citizens are under the public insurance plan offeredprovinces under similar conditions and terms. Suffice to say, inCanada financial barriers do not exist in health care system care asthere are in the US.
Canadianresidents do not pay additional coinsurance costs in urgent careclinics, or for outpatient procedures, which are common in the US. Inother words, the system bases the access to healthcare on need, andnot on price. (Valentineet al.,2015) As the Canadian system allocates by need, the Americansystem allocates by the ability to pay.
Inaddition, the Canadian policy equitable since it is publicly funded.Such cases as purchasing platinum plans and excellent coverages andother plans that bake inequality in the US system do not exist. Inthe states, residents have different benefits based on age,neighborhood, workplaces and how much they can invest in healthinsurance
Ethicaldilemmas faced in healthcare
Ethicalissues are a common phenomenon in healthcare in that most decisionsmade have ethical implications, be it for providers, leaders inhealthcare or patients. First is balancing healthcare efficiency andquality. The challenge is maintaining equilibrium between safety andquality with efficiency while maintaining the right values inhealthcare. Secondly, the issue of providing all with access to(basic) healthcare which is a must in any civilized society. The lackof this uniform access to health care is the nation’s greatestethical issue (Jeffreys,M. R.,2015).Third is creating a sustained workforce in healthcare for the future,especially as the baby boomers are aging. This issue revolves aroundbuilding a workforce that will work with integrity in ethicalenvironments that at times are demanding. Lastly, decisions thataddress the end-of-life issues and the finances for the carerequired. Also, there are ethical dilemmas that occur in allocatingdonor organs and the limited medications
Globalhealthcare delivery systems
Theyare types of health care delivery systems that used worldwide. Themost common ones are the outpatient care, inpatient care, the medicalrescue emergency services, dispensary care and work-related healthcare services.
Amedical treatment facility characterizes the outpatient system thatproviding treatments for conditions that do not need admission tomedical facilities. For instance, a treatment that requires a fewhours stay. (Purnell,L. D.,2014). This service is offered by physicians and medical specialists and canbe primary, specialized or stationary in nature. The rescue servicesare designed to give pre-hospitalization care to persons with severeissues. The occupation-related services are health examinations andassessments done to determine fitness to perform job tasks. Thedispensary care is care given to individuals with long-term orchronic illnesses.
Program-levelStudent Learning Outcomes
Aprofessional nurse utilizes, contributes to, and practices within thehealthcare system having in mind that the profession encompassesprofessionally defined roles and standards. A practical nurseadvocates for enhancements in the health care system via recordingand analyzing data that are imperative in policy decision-making.They are also required to engage in initiatives aimed at improvingsafety and mitigating errors(Purnell, et al.,2014). Also, practical nurses enhance access to (basic) health care. Lastly,nurses are responsible for ensuring there are effective and efficientuse and management of medical care resources besides establishing andmaintaining networks to improve outcomes of the health care deliveryservices.
Theresearch work is upon the principle of a patient-centered healthsystem. The roles of nursing professionals discussed above act asmotivation to nurses to act as change agents, individually or as ateam, within the health system despite the various dilemmas faced byprofession. This comparison and contrast of the Canadian and USAhealthcare policies aims at showing the fundamental similarities anddifferences between health systems that are currently in use.
Jeffreys,M. R. (2015). Theteaching of the cultural competence in nursing and health care:Inquiry, action, and innovation.Springer Publishing Company.
Valentine,M. A., Nembhard, I. M., & Edmondson, A. C. (2015). Measuringteamwork in healthcare settings: a review of surveyinstruments. MedicalCare, 53(4),e16-e30.
Purnell,L. D. (2014). Guideto culturally competent healthcare.FA Davis.