The Health Belief Model in Nursing

TheHealth Belief Model in Nursing

TheHealth Belief Model in Nursing

Nursescan use various theories to promote health in a community. The HealthBelief Model is one the most preferred theory in boosting people’swellbeing. Initially, the underlying concept was that personalbeliefs about an ailment could determine the health behavior. Themodel has four perceptions that serve as constructs of promotinghealth. They include perceived susceptibility, seriousness, barriers,and benefits.

Aperson’s belief on the severity of a disease is spoken by theconstruct of perceived seriousness. While this perception is based onmedical knowledge, it can also emanate from a belief that anindividual has on the challenges an ailment would create(Kearney-Nunnery, 2016). For instance, to a majority of the people,the flu is viewed as a minor illness and they may not seek immediatemedical help.

Inaddition, people are prompted to adopt healthier behaviors if theirsusceptibility to a disease is high and they devise a mechanism toimprove their health (Kearney-Nunnery, 2016). For instance, condomsare used to reduce the chances of contracting HIV. It is logical thatwhen individuals believe that they are at risk for a certain disease,they will adopt measures to counter the vulnerability.

Theconstruct of perceived benefits reflects an opinion of a person onthe usefulness of a new behavior in decreasing the susceptibility ofcontracting an illness. Most people embrace healthy behaviors thatwill play a great role in ensuring that chances of contractingailments are reduced (Kearney-Nunnery, 2016). For instance,individuals consume a lot of fruits and vegetables to benefit fromthe important vitamins. Besides, individuals evaluate the obstaclesthey expect to face in the adoption of the new behavior. The benefitsof the assumed action should outweigh the consequences(Kearney-Nunnery, 2016).

Inconclusion, nursing theories can guide the professionals in thepromotion of health. The Health Belief Model has four perceptionsthat serve as constructs of promoting health. Nurses can exploit theelements of perceived susceptibility, seriousness, barriers, andbenefits to promote health in a given setting.

References

Kearney-Nunnery,R. (2016).&nbspAdvancingyour career: Concepts of professional nursing.Philadelphia : F.A. Davis Company