The Epic poem

TheEpic poem

TheEpic Poem

Writerof the poem, date and reason for writing

It’sliterallyassumed that the author of this poem was a Christian who was livingunder the Muslim control. The poem was written in the middle of the 12th century. The writeridentifies the rivalrly that exist between different races,religions, and groups. As a matter of fact, the poem tries to spillthe beans of the competition that thrives amongst the variousreligions that exist in the world. Having in mind that the differentgroups of people will be there forever, the writer tries to bring outthe outcome of such rivalry as well as the enmity. The groupsrepresented in the poem, are the Christians, Jews, and the Muslims(Fletcher, Richard , 1989)1.

Theaudience of the poem

Theaudience of the poem is the different social groups of the people.Such groups have been well represented in the poem (Fletcher,Richard , 1989)2.Such are the Christians, Muslims, and the Jews. Every character inthe poem represents every group of the society regarding religion,region or even affiliation. In this case, the characters used in thepoem represent the reality on the ground that usually occurs in thenormality of the world “Fletcher”.The realism is brought about in how the characters try to outdo theothers. Hence the audience fit to be the various social groups of thesociety who pretend to be living in harmony, yet there is much goingaround them.

Comparisonof how the poem portrays Cid, Ruy Diaz de Bivar, to what you candiscover in the poem?

Thepoem presents the three characters as heroes who have impacted thesociety in a very positive way. For instance, Cid is taken to be ahero who came to save a kingdom when it was about to be brought down.This is shown by t5he aspect of being recalled into the court whenthe king feared of having a weakening military in place “Fletcher”.The three characters are seen to be of great use to their variouscommunities as they come to save the situation during the dark times.On recalling of Cid to the military, the military is found to bestable and the fears of the king fade away.

Thehistorical background and information of the three characters arequite different from what the poem presents them to be. The historyis covered and filled with lots of stories revolving around theirgods and demo gods. To be specific, the characters are showeredaround by stories which do not present real people “Fletcher”.Most of the information about the characters is mainly based on themyths (Fletcher,Richard , 1989)3.They are hence praised as mythical beings that did not exist or havea direct impact on the society. This brings about all the differencewith the epic poem of Cid.

Whatcan the poem tell us about eleventh-century social and politicalrelationships?

Thepoem describes well what the eleventh century social and politicalrelationships were all about. The Political and social relationshipwere based on various aspects and virtues as shown by the epic hero“Fletcher”.The main trait that was adored in the social and political field wasloyalty. Being loyal to those in power determined if one will also bepowerful or not. Also, the virtues of protecting the family are seento be given priority by those considered as heroes &quotFor the loveof the Creator, smite them, my gallants ah.

“Iam Roy Diaz of Bivar, the Cid, and the Campeador.” (Fletcher,Richard, 1989)4Wisdom was one of the biggest traits that were associated to thosewho were in power and those around the leaders. The epic poem hero isconsidered to be a great person due to the possession of wisdom andat the same time portraying loyalty to the king.

Canthe poem tell us something about medieval attitudes to violence,betrayal, heroism and other emotions?

Thepoem clearly brings about the attitudes that are experienced andportrayed by the characters in the poem “Fletcher”.Violence is experienced in the poem as El Cid engages in a battleagainst his enemies “If I am a hundred percent sure of winning thefight, my opponent has no chance of winning the fight.”(Fletcher, Richard , 1989)5This brings about enmity among the different characters andextrapolates the enmity to with a bigger margin. Betrayal iswitnessed where the characters try to win over the other byportraying generosity to the community which is seen as a way ofwooing the society for its support. Emotions are also shown in thepoem. The interaction between the Christians and the Muslims is notvery conducive. This is seen as a result of the rivalry that existsamongst them.

Heroismis brought out in a very big way. This is well shown by the way ElCid leads his life. Though he is born of a commoner, he not onlyachieves power at the end but he is able to win over his enemies. Hegoes ahead to donate money that he gets from the enemies to thechurches.

Whatare the various ways that Christians, Muslims, and Jews relate toeach other in the world of the poem? Why?

Thethree groups are seen to co-exist in a hostile relationship. This hasbeen seen by the fact that El Cid goes on to attack the kingdom ofMuslims without the permission from the king “Fletcher”.“There is going to be nothing else that will prevent me fromwinning the fight ”Though Afonso, out of jealousy turns against ElCid, El Cid do not in any way slow down on his quest to concur hisenemies. The relationship amongst the three groups is hence definedby jealousy, enmity and rivalry(Fletcher, Richard, 1989) 6.

Themain reason that is found to support the kind of relationship amongstthe three groups is the hunger for power. Every individual tries tooutdo the other to gain power and recognition among all others“Fletcher”. As they represent their various religious groups, religion is notseen as the main reason for the endless fighting. “He has a zeropercentage chance of winning the fight”(Fletcher, Richard, 1989) 7.The quest for power which is achieved by El Cid at the end is seen tobe the most qualifying factor for the continued jealousy, hatred, andcompetition.


Itcan be clearly seen that the poem revolves around the aspect ofenmity amongst different religions. This can be related to thecurrent situation where religions still involve in the rivalrybattles with various intentions. As Cid is seen to exercisegenerosity to the church, the same is seen in the various groups insocial life that see those questing for power acting generous butwith hidden intentions. Even though the poem was written long timeago, it serves all times generations.


Fletcher,Richard A. TheQuest for El Cid.Oxford University Press, USA, 1989.

1 Fletcher, Richard A. The Quest for El Cid. Oxford University Press, USA, 1989.

2 Ibid 1989.

3 Fletcher, Richard A. The Quest for El Cid. Oxford University Press, USA, 1989

4 Fletcher, Richard A. The Quest for El Cid. Oxford University Press, USA, 1989.

5 Ibid, 1989.

6 Fletcher, Richard A. The Quest for El Cid. Oxford University Press, USA, 1989.

7 Ibid, 1989.