TERRORISTUSE OF MEDIA THEN AND NOW
Terrorismhas in the recent past been undergoing some sort of renaissance andis taking every advantage of modern means of communication. Modernavenues of communication have helped terrorist organizations escapethe shortcomings that stifled their growth during the 1980’s and90’s. Previously, Al-Qaeda used to rely on satellite television torelay their propaganda to their prospective recruits, sympathizers,and enemies. Some of the limitations that came with satellitetelevision include but not limited to restricted airtime for theirproductions, inability to download videos for storage and reference,television stations such as Aljazeera, interviewed Al-Qaedaadversaries hence diluting their message [ CITATION Sei08 l 2057 ].
Someof the advantages of online platforms are that they provide thepublic with the ability to access and watch full uninterrupted videosincorporated with modern sophistry such multilingual subtitles.Terrorists and insurgents are now able to share graphic videos onlinewithout having to adhere to professional journalism codes of conduct.These days, “terrorists use social media because these sites arepopular with their intended audiences… which allows them to be partof the mainstream… Social media channels are also user-friendly,reliable, and free” [ CITATION Gab14 l 2057 ]effectively enabling them spread their extremist rhetoric. Dueto the decentralized nature of the internet, subscribers to theJihadist school of thought can conveniently meet onlinenotwithstanding their global geographical location.
Newterrorist recruits from both Arabic and English speaking countrieshave been able to follow Al-Qaeda’s online curriculum that hastraining modules. These modules offer demonstrations on how to carryout military activities, as well as how to combine commercialchemicals to create bombs. Al-Qaeda has now shifted its base fromtheir physical presence in Afghanistan to the internet where theyengage in cyber-crime in order fund raise their global insurgentactivities [ CITATION Cat11 l 2057 ].
Rollins, C. A. (2011, March 8). TERRORIST USE OF THE INTERNET: INFORMATION OPERATIONS IN CYBERSPACE. International Journal of Terrorism and Political Hot Spots, 6(4), 599-601. Retrieved October 4, 2016, from https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/R41674.pdf
Seib, P. (2008, May-June). The Al-Qaeda Media Machine. Retrieved October 4, 2016, from Homeland Security Digital Library: https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=486220
Weimann, G. (2014). New Terrorism and New Media. Wilson Centre, 2, 3. Retrieved October 4, 2016, from https://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/STIP_140501_new_terrorism_F.pdf