Technological Advances in Healthcare over the Past 30 years

TechnologicalAdvances in Healthcare over the Past 30 years

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Contents

Abstract 3

Introduction 4

Background and history 4

Importance of Technological Advances 5

Future of healthcare services 5

Conclusion 6

References 7

Abstract

Healthcarein the United States has been affected recent technologicaldevelopments. As a result, many lives have been saved, and healthcare cost significantly reduced. This paper discusses some of thetechnological advancements in healthcare over the past 30 years.Additionally, it gives a detailed explanation of why they areconsidered benchmark development. It gives my perspective on howtechnological advances have and will continue to affect the future ofhealthcare.

TechnologicalAdvances in Healthcare over the Past 30 years

Introduction

Ithas always been said that necessity is the mother of invention,technological advances in healthcare over the last thirty yearsaffirm that there has been increased demand for quality andaffordable medical services. Some of the positive impacts of thesetechnological advances have been that they have improved efficiencyand service delivery to patients (Haines et al. 2013). Additionally,they have enabled physicians to be able to diagnose and treatpatients. Significant technology advances in healthcare have occurredin areas such as information technology, biotechnology,pharmaceuticals and medical instrumentation, molecular biology andvirology.

Backgroundand history

Theintegration of technology into medicine dates back to 1250 followingthe invention of the magnifying glass by Roger Bacon. Since then,there have been numerous developments. One of the most importantdiscoveries in molecular biology occurred in 1992. During this time,Dr. Leroy invented the first automatic DNA sequencing machine. Eightyears later, the first draft of the human genome was announced andcompleted in three years. In 2005, the first face transplant wasperformed by jean-Michel, later there was the discovery of the firsthuman papilloma virus vaccine. In 2013, the first stem cells forliver and kidney were grown. One significant breakthrough ininformation technology was the development of the electronic healthrecord system. It was incorporated into the United States healthcaresystem in 2009. The results were reduced medical errors, increasecustomer and nurse interactions (Haines et al. 2013). In the field ofpharmacogenomics, there have been significant improvements, forexample, the development of personalized medicine which has helped inthe management of rare genetic diseases (Kalia, 2013).Pharmacogenomics is a promising field since it aims at reducingadverse effects of drugs, misdiagnosis, and readmissions.

Importanceof Technological Advances

Sinceinnovations in healthcare usually capitalize on the existingtechnology to flourish, it is evident that these recent discoveriesare benchmark developments for future discoveries. Technologicaladvances in healthcare have and will always play a critical role inhealthcare. For example, following the discovery of DNA and the humangenome, people have been able to understand the causes of manyinherited diseases that used to cause pains and death. Additionally,with this understanding, it is now possible to manage theseconditions and even them from occurring in the first place.Technological developments in health care are also important becausethey have allowed for the discovery of safer medical procedures.Modern medical practices rely on research-based evidence and notopinion (Çelik, 2016). Consequently, with the technologicaldevelopment in healthcare, especially in medical instrumentation, itis now possible to carry out complex diagnosis and treatment withminimal efforts and accuracy.

Futureof healthcare services

Itis evident that as the human population continues to grow, there willbe more pressure on natural resources. As a result, issues such asglobal warming, cancer and poverty will continue to pose serioushealth challenges. However, with technological development inhealthcare, there is some hope in that, effective techniques will bedeveloped to combat some of these difficulties. A good example toillustrate this is the recent outbreak of Ebola and Zika virus.Scientists have used previously researched knowledge to come up withproper interventions and thus saving millions of lives. Additionally,since future discoveries rely on present knowledge, it is evidentthat developments in drug design and pharmaceutical sciences willheavily rely on already published information.

Conclusion

Conclusively,survival of human beings is heavily dependent on technologicaladvancements in healthcare. Some of the discoveries that haveoccurred over the past thirty years relate to information technology,biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and medical instrumentation. Theresultant impacts of these have been increased efficiency and betterservice delivery. Management of future health challenges will heavilyrely on how well researchers and medical officers utilize currenttechnologies.

References

Çelik,M. (Ed.). (2016).&nbspPharmaceuticalpowder compaction technology.CRC Press.

Free,C., Phillips, G., Watson, L., Galli, L., Felix, L., Edwards, P., &ampHaines, A. (2013). The effectiveness of mobile-health technologies toimprove health care service delivery processes: a systematic reviewand meta-analysis.&nbspPLoSMed,&nbsp10(1),e1001363.

Kalia,M. (2013). Personalized oncology: recent advances and futurechallenges.&nbspMetabolism,&nbsp62,S11-S14.