Summary and Answers

and Answers


The patriarchal system has often undermined theposition of women in the society. In the process, women have facedchallenges in accessing various issues such as the leadershippositions and being recognized. The speech “Women in the World: AnAge of Participation” by Hillary Clinton illustrates stories ofwomen that have been able to overcome various challenges and achievewhat they wanted. Clinton was addressing a group of women in theWorld Summit in the year 2012, and she wanted them to support thevarious initiatives around the world that aimed at improving theconditions that they faced.

The text reveals the struggles that variouswomen around the world to ensure that they achieve what they believein. The text helps in highlighting the challenges that women face andurge them to keep pushing on until they reach their goals. Theaudience was a group of women that are trying to make a name in thesociety and overcoming various challenges that the patriarchal systempresents.

The thesis of the speech was encouraging womenaround the world to face challenges without any fears and understandthat their dedication will result in the required achievements. Theapproach was effective since Clinton highlighted stories of variouswomen that have succeeded in overcoming various challenges that theywere facing. For instance, Dr. Gao, Inex, Suma and President Jahjagaare just some of the few women that she mentions (Clinton, 2012). Iclearly agree with the use of the stories since it motivates thewomen to achieve more, despite, the challenges that they are facing.

In conclusion, the speaker praises the women that have succeeded, andshe uses their stories to motivate them into seeking their goals too.Clearly, the stories reveal that success is achieved through theprocess of overcoming challenges. In the end, the speaker urges thewomen at the summit to join various development initiatives that willhelp them elevate the status in the society.

Questions andAnswers

&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp1.What is the rhetorical situation?&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Whatoccasion gives rise to the need or opportunity for persuasion?

The discriminationthat women undergo has led to the need for persuasion.&nbsp&nbsp&nbspWhat is the historical occasion that would give rise to thecomposition of this text?

Feminism is one ofthe historical occasions that give rise to the creation of thetext.2. Who is the author/speaker?&nbsp&nbsp&nbspHow does he or she establish ethos (personal credibility)?

She is one of thesuccessful women that is encouraging other women to overcome thechallenges they are facing.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Does he/she comeacross as knowledgeable? fair?

She is knowledgeablesince she highlights the challenges that some of the successful womenand connect their struggles with the common issues in thesociety.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Does the speaker`s reputation conveya certain authority?

True. Being the Secretary General in one of the powerful nations inthe world proves that she has been able to overcome multiplechallenges since her position is associated with masculinity.3.What is his/her intention in speaking?&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Toattack or defend? To encourage or discourage from certain action?&nbsp&nbsp&nbspTo praise or blame?&nbsp To teach, to delight, or to persuade?

She is praising thewomen that have been able to overcome their challenges and to beconsidered successful in the society. She also wants to encourageother women to overcome any challenges they might have and help inbuilding their nations.4.Who make up the audience?&nbsp&nbsp&nbspWho is the intended audience?

The audience entailsthe women that are undergoing different kinds of discrimination.&nbsp&nbsp&nbspWhat values does the audience hold that the author or speaker appealsto?

The audience hasdetermination and hope. In this case, despite the challenges that thewomen undergo, they know that they will overcome each one of them. Infact, they have a chance to relate their challenges to the multipleexamples that speaker reveals.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Who have beenor might be secondary audiences?

Some of the men thatare discriminating women &nbsp&nbsp&nbsp If this is a workof fiction, what is the nature of the audience within the fiction?

It is not a work offiction.5. What is the content and persuasive strategy ofthe message?&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Can you summarize the mainidea?

The speechhighlights various stories of women that have undergone challenges intheir respective nations. The speaker also suggests the ways thatother women can embrace change that will have a positive impact ontheir lives.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp

What are theprincipal lines of reasoning or kinds of arguments used?

The speaker uses aconsensus-building argument that aims at making the audience agree onone way in which they can handle a particular problem.&nbsp&nbsp&nbspHow does the author or speaker appeal to logos, ethos, and/or pathos

Being the US stateof secretary showed appeal to ethos since she had the position andthe knowledge to persuade the women on what to do. The stories of thewomen that had overcome various challenges represented the appeal topathos since it evoked their emotions. Lastly, the use of logos wasevident in using various events such as the warfare that he womenovercome in establishing themselves. 6. What is the form inwhich it is conveyed?&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp What is thestructure of the communication how is it arranged?

The speech isinformative and it presents logical and the intellectual arguments onthe ability of women succeeding if they overcome theirchallenges.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp What oral or literary genre is itfollowing?

The text falls underthe speech genre.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp What figures of speech areused?

In page 670, shereveals that “Chancellor Merkel is carrying Europe on hershoulders.” The statement is a metaphor since it talks about howshe struggles to run Europe, and not the literal meaning.&nbsp&nbsp&nbspWhat kind of style and tone is used and for what purpose?

The speaker uses apurposeful tone since she wants to inform the women in the audienceon the best ways in which they can succeed and ensure that theymaintain their new social status.7. How do form and contentcorrespond?&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp Does the form complement thecontent?

The speaker usesstorytelling in proving that various women have overcome challengesin their societies to be where they are. The form clearly complementsthe content that is motivating the women to seek more.&nbsp&nbsp&nbspWhat effect could the form have, and does this aid or hinder theauthor`s intention?The form has a greater impact on theauthor’s intention since the storytelling approach helps inclarifying how women have been able to succeed despite, thechallenges that they were facing.8. Does themessage/speech/text succeed in fulfilling the author`s or speaker`sintentions?&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp For whom? Does theauthor/speaker effectively fit his/her message to the circumstances, times, and audience?

The speaker clearlyfits her message to the circumstances and she achieves that throughthe storytelling approach and motivating the women to seek more.


Clinton, Hillary.(2012). Women in the World: An Age of Participation. WorldSummit.