Interminably,it has been assumed that vocation or calling can only be found in thepriesthood and that only certain individuals could be called to theseextremely demanding ways of life. It was believed that the rest of uswere the beneficiaries of these calls, but we could not be calleddirectly (Zhang et al., 81). This doctrine later faced oppositionfrom the Protestants who felt that the doctrine was not biblical.They believed that everybody had an equal opportunity to be called toserve. They argued that everybody had a spiritual vocation and couldserve God in their own capacity.
TheChristians believe that anywhere one works, he has been put there byGod, and God is sovereign over anyone’s life. This means that evenif you find yourself in a hard working condition, it is because Godhas put you there and for some reason. Every person’s occupation isa holy calling, and it needs your response and commitment to servepeople and God through it, but it does not necessarily mean that oneshould remain in his current situation if he has a chance to make achange (Tuan, 229). This vocation or calling grows and becomes strongif you get committed to it and serve people diligently to please God.We should remember that the primary goal of the vocation is to serveand please God.
Aservant leader always considers those he leads to be above him. Theyput the needs of those they lead first rather than their own. He isalways willing to teach and learn from his followers, and he does notbelieve that being a leader makes him better than those he leads. Healso allows those he leads to make their decisions where possible anddoes not exercise dictatorship in executing his duties. Instead, theyshould use influence and persuasion to make their servants performtheir duties. This allows the followers to feel valued, andtherefore, motivated to work hard towards the achievement of the setgoals. They feel like equals to their leader and feel involved in therunning of the business, and therefore, work to their full potentialto fulfill their duties.
Theyalso encourage the growth of those they lead to realizing theirmaximum potential. By allowing followers to make much of thedecisions, it gives them confidence and enables them to realize theirfull potential. A leader can identify what the servants need andstrive to help them get it. Although different servants may be havingdifferent objectives, their primary goal is to grow, and therefore,he should assist them to attain that purpose. They should be honestand use their power for the good of the people they serve. Theyshould view their leadership as a means to do well to the benefit ofthe people they lead and not for their personal desires (Eicher andDeborah 220). They must realize that they are accountable to thepeople they lead, and therefore, treat them equally without favor.
Authorityis limited, and no person has total authority over the other. Servantleaders, therefore, must have this in mind and allow their servantsto possess their freedom. They should know that they are all equal,but they have been given that chance to serve them in a higher postand anybody can get there anytime. They should be aware that theirposition is temporal and even those they lead can hold the sameposition, and therefore, they should serve them as they would havewished to be served. They should accommodate their views and correctthem where necessary, but they should not impose rules on them.
Theconcern for the poor and marginalized persons is a fundamentalresponsibility for the servant leaders. They should worry about thepoor and marginalized groups in the society. They should devisemechanisms to set up projects that will help make these secludedgroups feel that they are not forgotten. In this entire quest toserve their servants, the servant leader should not forget that theyhave duties to fulfill, and therefore, they should take care ofthemselves before disaster strikes them.
Thefive leadership practices include inspiring a shared vision,modeling the way, challenging the process, enabling others to act andencouraging the Heart (Zhang et al. 80). In inspiring a sharedvision, a leader must be persuasive and be able to include others intheir dreams to achieve the set goals. This is a principle that isdirectly related to the qualities of a servant leader, whichencourages the inclusion of all those involved in the achievement ofthe set objectives. The inclusion of the servants gives themownership of goals, and therefore, motivates them to work towardsachieving them.
Inmodeling the way, the leaders set the goals and lay down thestrategies to be followed to reach them. About a servant leader, thispractice enables the leader to develop principles that consider theinclusion of those he serves in the development and achievement ofgoals. He delights in correcting them and showing them the rightchannels to follow when they are unsure of how to achieve theobjectives. In changing the process, the leader looks for innovativeways to transform the organization, and therefore, according to aservant leader it enables him to develop a process that does notdiscriminate against the poor and the marginalized.
Inenabling others to act, the leaders strive to create an environmentof human dignity and trust, they build strong teams and make everyperson feel powerful and capable. This clearly reflects how a servantleader should be. The principle of encouraging also depicts thefeatures of a servant leader as it recognizes the input of everyindividual and encourages members to share in the fruits of theirefforts together. In celebrating the servants’’ efforts, theleaders make the servants feel like heroes, and therefore, they feelmotivated.
Self-awarenessencompasses one’s understanding of their needs, habits, desires,failings and everything that surrounds them. One’s knowledge abouthimself enables him to adapt quickly to the life that suits them. Themore you know about your habits and pay attention to your emotionsand how you work the more you understand why you do some things andnot others. If one understands himself, he can be able to identifygifts they possess and therefore try to apply them to achieve theirgoals. It will enable them have a sense direction and therefore worktowards the achievement of their purpose in life.
Inconclusion, servant leadership considers the servants as equals totheir leaders, and each of them plays an immense role in realizingthe goals of the organization. This administration strives to get thebest out of the servants by recognizing their contribution to theteam. The servant leaders are honest and listen to their followersand help them to grow, and achieve that which, they want in life.Therefore, servant leadership is all about working for the people andnot them working for you.
Eicher-Catt,Deborah “The Myth of Servant Leadership: A Feminist Perspective”Womenand Language. (2005):218- 221. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
LTrong Tuan” International Journal of Public Administration”Taylor& Francis(2016): 329-333
ZZhang, Lock Lee, and Phnom Wong “Leadership and OrganizationalDevelopment Journal” emeraldinsight.com(2016):79-84