STEREOTYPING OF THE AFRICAN AMERICAN
Stereotypingof the African American
An explanation of the concept of stereotyping
Anexample of the racial or ethnic stereotype
An article in the New York Times concerning murder in Chicago
African Americans and Latinos are seen as main perpetrators of violent crimes
Theauthors presenting African American stereotypes in gang relatedactivities
A review of the authors
Detailsof the intended readers of the article
The American population is seen as the main audience of the article
Its availability on the internet makes everyone in the world to have access
The involved stakeholders such as legislators and police are also target readers
Victimsof the stereotype
Black Americans are the main victims of the stereotype
Thepoint of the stereotype
The principal objective of the article is to educate readers on the perpetrators of murder
Gives a summary of the essay
Stereotyping of the African American
The overreachingcapacities of the media make it easy for them to foster certainnotions about a group of people. During the 2008 election primaries,Barrack Obama was asked about a previous comment, from renownednovelist Toni Morrison, stating that Bill Clinton was the first blackpresident. In his response, he indicated that he would have to assessthe dancing capabilities of the former president before he consideredhim a brother (Kay et al., 2013). As much as this was an evasive andpositive response, it revealed that there are certain notions, likedancing skills, among ethnic groups, such as the African Americans. Astereotype is a widely held preconception about a particular group ofpeople that may or may not be accurate. The media, for example, havepropelled the idea that African Americans are involved in illicitactivities, such as the peddling of drugs, and gang actions throughmovies, songs, and documentaries.
An example ofAfrican American involvement in gang-related activities ishighlighted in an article in the New York Times that explains theproblem of violence in Chicago. The article by Fessenden & Park(2016) reveals that the murder problem in Chicago arises fromdisputes, among African Americans, which may involve territorialissues and profits. Personal conflicts, such as insults, are also aprimary cause of gun violence in the region, and social media is akey influencer (Fessenden & Park, 2016). According to Fessenden &Park (2016), African American youths were more likely to be part of agang, both in Chicago and New York, than people from other races.
One of theauthors is a white male (Ford Fessenden) while the other author is anAsian female (Haeyoun Park).
The generalpopulation of the United States is the primary readers of thisarticle though it may reach a wider group of people since it isavailable on the internet. The authors seek to educate the massesabout the violence problem in the state but stereotyping arises,implicitly, when they discuss the involvement of ethnic groups in theproblem. Bean et al. (2013) asserts that stereotyping may be implicitwhere previous preconceptions about a particular group of people leadto unintended bias.
Black Americansand Latins receive blame for the murders in Chicago due to their highinvolvement in gang-related activities. Warren, Chiricos, and Bales(2012) argue that the stereotyping of Black Americans and Hispanicmales is so rampant that it affects their rates and terms ofincarceration.
As much as the authors may have valid evidence to back up theirclaims, the African American community suffers from such stereotypes.McGee & Martin (2011) argue that many Black Americanprofessionals have to go through a lot of effort to prove theirintellectual value before they get employment. This ethnic societyalso receives different attention and treatment from the police andother correctional facilities (Keith, 2013).
The main point ofthe stereotyping in the article is to highlight the primary cause ofthe murder issue in the state. Black American gangs are known toengage in violent activities with fellow gangs, and a significantnumber of the shootings in the area arise from this population.
The article inthe New York Times shows the involvement of the African Americans inthe rampant murder cases in the state of Chicago. The article hasstereotyping connotations of the African American race as they areseen as the main individuals involved in the activities. As harmlessas the article may seem, these negative stereotypes lead to adverseconsequences for these ethnic minorities.
Bean, M. G., Stone, J., Badger, T. A., Focella, E. S., &Moskowitz, G. B. (2013). Evidence of nonconscious stereotyping ofHispanic patients by nursing and medical students. Nursingresearch, 62(5), 362.
Fessenden, F. & Park, H. (2016). Chicago’s Murder Problem.Nytimes.com. Retrieved 26 September 2016, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/05/18/us/chicago-murder-problem.html?_r=0
Kay, A. C., Day, M. V., Zanna, M. P., & Nussbaum, A. D. (2013).The insidious (and ironic) effects of positive stereotypes. Journalof Experimental Social Psychology, 49(2), 287-291.
Keith, M. (2013). ‘Policing a perplexed society?’No-go areasand the mystification of police-black conflict. Out of Order?(Routledge Revivals): Policing Black People, 189.
McGee, E. O., & Martin, D. B. (2011). “You would not believewhat I have to go through to prove my intellectual value!”Stereotype management among academically successful Black mathematicsand engineering students. American Educational Research Journal,48(6), 1347-1389.
Warren, P., Chiricos, T., & Bales, W. (2012). The imprisonmentpenalty for young Black and Hispanic males a crime-specific analysis.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 49(1),56-80.