Thereare several standardized tools that can be used in occupationaltherapy evaluation. One of them is the "Occupational SelfAssessment" (OSA). This is a tool that considers the uniquecharacteristics of each client and his or her needs and values. It ismore appropriate for cases which required client-based occupationaltherapies because he or she plays a significant role in the planningprocess as well as identifying the goals and impacts of thetreatment. It is also the preferred method if there is a need tocapture the perceptions and thoughts of the patient in determining anappropriate approach (Kielhofner, 2011).
The"Loewenstein Occupational Therapy CognitiveAssessment-Geriatric" (LOTCA-G) is also a common standardizedassessment tool. It is mainly used in to assess elderly patients withmental and neurological health problems, which impact on theoccupational abilities, by evaluating various aspects of thedifferent cognitive areas. The tool is appropriate for geriatricpatients as well as individuals with mental diseases, injuries, anddeficits (Kielhofner, 2011).
Somecultural issues relate to the use of different tools in theassessment of function in occupation therapy. These problems aremainly associated with the social values and perceptions towards theelderly and people with disability (Kielhofner, 2011).
Thereare several differences between OSA and LOTCA-G. OSA is used ingeneral patients, although it can be limited by the cognitiveabilities of the patient. Additionally, it is more client-based and,therefore, is dependent on his or input. On the other hand, LOTCA-Gis mainly used in elderly patients with deteriorating mental andneurological health due to age or terminal diseases. As a result ofthe limited cognitive abilities, the client may not be able to playan active role in planning and evaluation process (Kielhofner, 2011).
Kielhofner,G. (2011). ConceptualFoundations of Occupational Therapy Practice.F.A. Davis, ISBN 0803623488.