Skeletal Disorder




Diagnosisand Symptoms

Judgingfrom the symptoms that the 72-year-old female exhibits, the likelydiagnosis of the medical condition is Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Thepatient has a reduced range of motion, redness, as well as swellingof the joints. According to Shlotzhauer (2014), Rheumatoid Arthritisis an example of an autoimmune disorder, meaning that it creates aneffect which makes it possible for the immune system to attack thehealthy tissues of the body. The condition is both debilitating andpainful in nature.

Paincomes about when the synovial membrane connected to a joint thickensand becomes inflated. The impact of the pain leads to damage of thearticular cartilage, which in turn causes an infiltration of thefibrous tissue, hence interfering with the movements of the joints(Shlotzhauer, 2014). Further characteristics of Rheumatoid arthritisare revealed when the case study patient states that the symptomsshowcase in the same joints on both body sides and are usually worsein the morning when she wakes up.

Examplesof the symptoms include weight loss, stiffness in the morning, fever,fatigue as well as pain and swollen joints. Concerning diagnostictests, a medical specialist may perform physical examinations todetermine any negative factors such as warmth, swelling and rednessof joints (Shlotzhauer, 2014). Evaluating the muscle strength of apatient’s reflexes will offer insight as to whether the individualhas the condition. Even though blood tests may bring complications inthe process of diagnosis during the early stages, they may be helpfulin checking the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation.


Disease-modifyingantirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is one of the treatment options thatreduces the progress of the condition thereby preventing thepermanent damage of joints. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs alsogo a long way in helping the patient ease inflammation. Shlotzhauerargued that in extreme cases, the patient may need a joint surgery,especially if the treatment of RA inflammations took place late(2014). A successful surgery will do away with the disease.


Shlotzhauer,T. L. (2014). Livingwith rheumatoid arthritis.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Publishers.