Frankensteinis an American horror monster film directed by James Whale andproduced by the Universal Pictures in the year 1931. The movie was anadaptation of the play of the same name by Peggy Webling which was,in turn, an adoption of the celebrated novel by Mary Shelly of thesame name. Frankenstein revolves around the story of a scientist andhis assistant that go on ahead to dig a corpse which they used increating a monster (Dear, 2010). Accidentally, the assistant givesthe monster a brain that belonged to a killer. The stars of the filmwere Mae Clarke, Colin Clive, Boris Karloff and John Bole. John L.Balderston adapted the play by Webling and Francis Edward wrote thescreenplay (Dear, 2010). The film was a hit with both of its criticsand moviegoers and was subsequently followed by numerous sequelsmaking it an age-defying and iconic horror movie.
Theplot of the story as mentioned before revolves around a scientist,Henry Frankenstein. Henry was a brilliant scientist who for days andhour on end had been conducting research and trials of there-animation of the dead (Muir, 2012). He had done his ratherunscrupulous experiments on dead animals for a very long time and wasnow convinced it was a time he shifted focus to human bodies. Henrywith the help of his loyal assistant moved from one graveyard, andthe gallows are collecting different body parts and eventuallysettled on assembling the various body parts (Muir, 2012).Consequently, Henry results to spending a predominant amount of histime in the laboratory focusing on his experiments warranting hisfiancée Elizabeth and Victor Moritz a close friend to have concernsabout his health.
Inthe long run, Henry succeeds in his experimental efforts of bringingthe creature he has made to life. The creature created becomes quitegentle in nature, but it becomes evidently clear it is afraid of fire(Hitchcock, 2012). However, soon after the creature starts breathingair, Baron Frankenstein, Henry’s father manages to bring his sonbacks to his human senses, and both agree that the alleged monsterought to go down in shambles. However, as they are planning onkilling the monster, in its innocence it escapes and goes on ahead tokills (Muir, 2012). The villagers rally up support to each other andjoin hands with the intent of destroying the creature. Consequently,the movie revolves around the monster and his struggles and stresseson an eventual yet fateful “life after death.”
Themovie had a positive reception and was describable as having theability to arouse much excitement which made most of the audience tolaugh in an effort of hiding their true intentions and feelings.During that time it was an undeniable fact that the film was one ofthe most compelling things of its kind. Film Daily laudedFrankenstein as chill-producing, an exciting and gruesome drama whichwas produced both lavishly and intelligently and with a superbphotography grade (Hitchcock, 2012). The film was further explainedto being a Dracula plus, presenting a new touch and peak to horrormovies and plays. Subsequently, the performance of the filmsprotagonists had the description of being mesmerism and equallyfascinating. The American Film Institute listed the film amongst its100th greatest movies of all time (Muir, 2012). The timeliness andexcellent production of the film at the time made the Library ofCongress select it for preservation in the National Film Registry ofthe United States and lauded it as being of aesthetic, cultural andhistorical significance.
Frankensteinwas eventually followed by numerous sequels, in which the film Brideof Frankenstein was first in line (Muir, 2012). Most of the sequelfilms featured the monster by Frankenstein from a remote creature amore technological henchman in the form of a robot in a differenttwist of the plot. However, it is a notable fact that severalregional and local censors made the request that cuts be made to theoriginal screenplay after going through the Production Code Hollywoodat the time. Additionally, there were countries such as Italy, SouthAustralia, and Belfast which rejected the showing of the film(Hitchcock, 2012). England before allowing the showing of the moviemade its cuts to it. Regardless, Frankenstein, in the long run, wenton ahead to becoming a monster film success.
Inconclusion, it was notable that the polite “warning” disclaimerat the beginning of the movie came into play later in the productionof the film as a pro-active action towards lobby and religious groupswhich took up in arms the theme of the film taking control of whatthey believed to be the power of God. The creation of the monster inthe film was the innovation and invention of film directors differentfrom the staged plays and Shelley’s original story. In the originalstory, the details carried out by Henry are left to the imaginationof the reader as there are no any mentioning, the manner in which thecreature came to life are entirely vague.
Dear,N. (2011). Frankenstein.London: Faber
Hitchcock,S. T. (2012). Frankenstein:A cultural history.New York: W.W. Norton.
Muir,J. K. (2012). Horrorfilms of the 1970s.Jefferson, N.C: McFarland.