Policyanalysis involves the actors that affect the course of decisionmaking process in a formal setting, for example, organizational orgovernmental setting. The questions below discuss the various methodsthat different analysts use, their roles, and influence ingovernance.
What influences policy analysisfunction in governance?
Policyanalysis function is influenced by the rulesof governance andadministrative models that involve its operating setting(Welmer &Vining, 2015).For example, for a country that follows the governancerules to the letter, it will need a lot of consultation andfacilitation. Some governments, for example, the Canadian one, do notseek advice from their citizens whereas others consult members in andoutside the administration on policy analysis.
What does policy analysis involve?
Policyanalysis entails the topic that analysts are handling, thetechniques, and methodology they use. The methodology is qualitative,which involves observations, case studies, and interviewing thetarget audience, and quantitative methods that consists of dataanalysis and conducting surveys. It also involves the types ofguidelines they use to the targeted audience, for example,prescriptive and descriptive examination. The analysts define aproblem they evaluate it, come up with alternative solutions, andrecommend a certain preferable policy.
In what way has policy analysis movement been greatly influential?
Policyanalysis movement has a great impact in the way analysts decipherissues within the government (Welmer & Vining, 2015). It hassignificantly affected the advising systems of government by beinginvolved in the practices that influence the flow of power.It hasalso transformed the government structures, and this changes have ledto collapsing of the processes associated with public governance.
Outline the roles of analysts and what are their sources of expertise?
Accordingto Howlett, Dobuzinskis, and Laycock (2012), policy analysts embracedifferent roles, which include advising and analyzing the existingpolicy they serve as mediators and they also give their views on thecurrent systems. They also identify the major aspects of policies, aswell as explain and predict the consequences of using certain plans.Their sources of expertise come from the different interpersonal andtechnical skills, their work experience, as well as their view on theexisting policies.
Define the factors that affect policy analytical processes?
Accordingto Welmerand Vining (2015), policy analytical processes are affectedby a wide range of factors such as cultural, environmental,political, and structural ones, for example, the economic systems inan organization. Other factors include the coalitions and differencesin political parties, the needs of the policy users, and the effortsof the previous strategy reforms.
Howlett,M., Dobuzinskis, L., & Laycock, D. H. (2012). Policyanalysis in Canada: The state of the art.University of Toronto Press.
Welmer,D. L., & Vining, A. R. (2015). Policyanalysis: Concepts and practice.Routledge