Responseto part 1: The question of Colorblindness
Theassertion by Henry Blackmun is valid and agreeable. First, thequotations, “To get beyond racism we must first take account ofrace" connotes the essence of racial mainstreaming. Racialmainstreaming, in this case, is an approach that strives to reconcileracial conflicts by acknowledging that racial discrimination hasalready done so much harm in excluding certain communities. AssCampbell (2014) notes, this view paves the way to the conclusionthat the process of addressing these legacies of racism will thenneed to start by considering the social and economic position ofdiverse communities to determine the extent of exercisingdiscriminate practices of allocating resources and power to achievethe desired balance. Blackmun’s assertion contrasts with that heldby people who strive to be ‘color blind’ in the sense that itgoes beyond conceptualizing the problem as a simple, present equalitychallenge, to the actual historical root cause.
Therefore,the results of these assertions are also expected to differsignificantly. The outcome of Blackmun assertions will most likelysucceed in reversing the privileges that some racial groups enjoyover others because of the historical injustices and achieveequality. The outcomes of ‘color blind’ will only focus onminimizing conflicts over present sharing resources and power, butwill fail to achieve equality because does not say much aboutaddressing the haunting past. In retrospect, the colorblind approachonly serves to safeguard the position of those who continue to enjoyprivileges because of past injustices. Therefore, colorblind approachis far removed from equality practices because it fails the fairnesstest. In particular, it legitimates some racial groups to enjoyprivileges resulting from past injustices on the pretext of equalityfor current relational developments (Shriver,Young, Hugenberg, Bernstein and Lanter, 2014).Responseto part 2: Race and Class
Theview expressed by Kawachi, Daniels, and Robinson is valid to acertain significant extent. Their statement connotes the view thatracism only becomes sensitive when a member of one race is pinneddown by a member of another race so that he is unable to achieve thetargeted class interests. The truth, however, is that this pinningdown occurs at all levels of human relations, including within raceswhere it is not treated to be sensitive. Indeed, racism is largely asensitive issue within the United States because some races areoverrepresented in certain powerful social and economic positionsthan others. At the same time, those who happen to be overrepresentedin the powerful social and economic positions are underrepresented atlower positions. Therefore, the sensitivity of racism plays outstrongly when social and economic there are differences in privilegeentitlements between groups.
Theissue of racism, therefore, is often cited so that the entire classstruggles can be seen to be legitimate so that it can be supported bythe majority, yet the essence is always to protect the interests ofthose who are struggling for class. Indeed, when racism is cited ismentioned, it will always be coming from groups of people who arediscontented by the allocation of privileges by which some peoplefrom another race seem to enjoy more than they do. This observationis plausible because the same form of disparities in the enjoyment ofthese privileges is often witnessed among people belonging to thesame race, where it is not always taken to be sensitive. Therefore,to a large degree, it is also plausible to argue that racism hasnothing much to do with attitudes and stereotyped perceptions thatpeople from one group have for another race, but the discontentpeople reserve for disparities in resource and power allocation, andprivilege entitlements. As seen in the segments of “Race —ThePower of an Illusion”,racism happens to be illusionary because it does not otherwise meannothing on its own.
CaliforniaNewsreel (2012). Race.The Power of an Illusion. EpisodeThree: The House We Live In.[Transcript]Retrieved from http://newsreel.org/transcripts/race3.htm
CaliforniaNewsreel (2012). Race.The Power of an Illusion.EpisodeThree: The House We Live In. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mxuZZ94hOFo&feature=youtu.be
Campbell,S. (2014), Flaws and Fallacies inStatistical Thinking Prentice Hall,Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ
Shriver,E. Young, S., Hugenberg, K., Bernstein, M. & Lanter, J. (2014).Class, race, and the face: Social context modulates the cross-raceeffect in face recognition. Personalityand Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(2):260-274