Quiz 1

CHILD`S BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS 1

Child Behavior Analysis

Student`s Name

Course instructor

Child`s Behavior Analysis

PartA

1.Every child has a unique way of solving problems. Susana is not anexemption when she has unique ways to come out of the problems. Thedifference that comes in between the various problem-solvingtechniques is whether they are adaptive or maladaptive. Susana`sfirst problem-solving technique is through crying. She knows that ifshe does not cry, the parent will not take her issue seriously. Thetechnique is adaptive because it`s adding value to her. Her problemis being solved and she goes on well with her activities. The parentwill argue no more in her presence and she gets at peace with herselfand others. Crying as a defense mechanism works well for the child asshe is able to address a case in an easy and direct way.

The other mechanism that the child uses is the refusal to eat foodand splashing them on the floor. When she does not want to eat, themother cannot force her to and therefore she opts to throw the foodaway. The behavior is considered maladaptive as it has negativeeffects on her side. She may not eat thinking that she is punishingthe mother but she is punishing herself. The behavior has negativeimpacts on the child (Aron, 2013). There could be better ways tosolve a problem rather than refusing to eat food. Children havedifferent behaviors when they want something done for them. Susanauses the defense mechanism to win the attention of the mother and thegrandmother. the implication is that the different mechanisms thatSusana uses to attack the mother are beneficial to her in the sensethat she is getting things done for her.

2.Winnicott`s concept of the good-enough mother can be applied inthis case to picture the behaviors of Jacquie towards her child. Thegrandmother too has the role to play as a mother. Jacquie has somestrange behaviors towards the child for the reason that they have notlived together for long with Susana. She is not giving what isexpected of her to the child. There reaches a time when she opts totake the child back to the grandparents may be because she thinks thegrandmother will handle her better.

Lucia on the other hand can be seen to be a good enough mother. Shehas the attributes which she has used to raise the mother and herchild. She gives her best to her children despite the fact she isworking on a night shift. She makes sure that the children are safeand they have all that they need. Giving on the part of the mother isvery crucial (Aron, 2013). The child does not depend on anybody elseapart from the mother. Spending time with the child makes him or herfeel cared for and loved. The time that Jacquie is taking to go outmay be spent with the child to interact as a mother should. Winnicottbrings the aspect of the role a mother should play when raising theirchildren. To become a good enough mother, time is very crucial(Frank, et al. 2015). Giving the child all that one can will bringthe aspects a child would look for in a parent.

5.Freud tries to explain how the human mind operates and theconsequences of the thoughts. In the case of Susana, the theory isseen to be applied as the child reacts to what is happening aroundher. Susana has the id where she is pouring food on the floor just toreact to her mother. The irony in this act is that she will soon gethungry and start crying she needs the food. She has what she needsbut she reacts to the negative of the situation. She is acting underpleasure not considering the consequences that will follow. The egois depicted where Susana is not able to hold her anger and expresswhat she wants in a better way.

There is the emotional challenge where she cries and complains abouther mother (Duman, 2014). The mother is not having a lot of time withthe child which makes the behavior of the child change towards themother. If only Susana could control herself and address the motherin a better way, she could have ego strength. According to Freud, theaspect of superego is seen ones the individual has a motive to doingsomething. The child is destined to defend herself and fight for whatshe wants. She has to use different ways to make sure that the parentnotice her pouring of the food and the crying a lot draws theattention of the mother. The moral values that Susana lacks is thatshe is quick to anger hence having ego weakness (Newman, 2013).Despite her being five years, the way she defends herself could bebetter if she had ego strength.

PartB

2. Stress affects the brain cells and sometimes kill the brains.Stress causes the body to release a hormone called cortisol. Stresshas an identical effect on the brain when subjected for a long time.The impact that stress has is that it exits the brain cells to death.The overworking that the cells are subjected to brings the death.Assuming that the brain is subjected to stress every day is anindication the brain overworks all day long. The brain should not beoverworked as it causes the body to operate at a faster rate thannormal. Cortisol is helpful in the working of the body but when it`sproduced too much of it, it can lead to death. Cortisol makes thebrain to be more vulnerable to damage such as strokes, ageing andstressful events.

The cortisol that is produced in the body due to stress travels intothe brain. After the cortisol reaches the brain, it binds to thereceptors in many neurons. Through a cascade of reactions, theneurons admit more calcium through channels in their membrane. If theneurons, therefore, become too much and are overloaded with calcium,they fire too frequently and later die (Duman, 2014). Theneurobiology of stress helps to explain to what extent stressdisturbs a human being and causes them to react. There are differentdegrees of stress but they all have an impact on the outcome.Especially when experiencing brain development. The behavior of thechild is seen to be caused by the many activities that are going on.The change of the environment from living with the grandmother toliving with the mother. The child has a lot of thoughts which makesher body to react faster to issues. This at the end of the casecauses her to have stress.

PartC

1.When assessing the behavior of the child, there are many theoriesthat are put across which describes why one behaves in a certainmanner. The most helpful theory seems to be the Freud`s theory whichdescribes the reason for having to do some behaviors. Freud gives thedetailed information of how one thinks and what reactions oneexpects. The ego and the superego aspect of the theory try to figureout why the child behaved the way she did. The reaction level of thechild is well detailed in the theory. Why one behaves in the way theydo and to what extent the reaction can go (Frank, et al. 2015). Thepsychology of the child is well detailed in the theory whichdescribes why children behave the way they do. The theory istherefore, the most applicable in this scenario as it brings up thepicture of a child and why they react so.

On the other hand, the least theory that is applicable in thisscenario is the Erickson`s model of psychology. He does not detailthe theory on the reasons why children behave the way they do. Heonly describes the stages of development but does not explain how thestages affect the behavior of the child. The theory is therefore notdetailed on the behavior of the child and the effects it has on thechild. To determine why a child behaves in some ways needs a theorythat gives the developments of the child and the reasons the childbehaves so. both theories give details on the child development butFreud goes further to details on why a child does what they react.For this reason, Freud’s theory gives the best in this scenario.

References

Aron, L. (2013). A meeting of minds: Mutuality in psychoanalysis(Vol. 4). Routledge.

Duman, R. S. (2014). Neurobiology of stress, depression, and rapidacting antidepressants: remodeling synaptic connections. Depressionand anxiety, 31(4), 291-296.

Frank, M. G., Weber, M. D., Watkins, L. R., &amp Maier, S. F.(2015). Neurobiology of Stress.

Newman, K. M. (2013). A more usable Winnicott. PsychoanalyticInquiry, 33(1), 59-68.