Psychology Outline

Psychology outline

PsychologyThen and Now

  1. The early Era

  1. General introduction

Initially, fields such as science, astronomy, chemistry and physicsand biology did not exist but with time, they have come intoexistence. However, unlike the early sciences, psychology is the onefield that was established with the sole aim of starting a new fieldof science. The establishment of psychology contrasted with mostsciences since its focus on mental ability was unattainable at thistime.

    1. Wilhelm Wundt and the First Psychological Laboratory

      1. Wilhelm Wundt, in his attempt to establish sizeable information regarding psychology, he established the first laboratory in 1879, and it would help in psychology research.

      2. The various researches in the laboratory allowed Wundt to write over 50,000pages of results.

    2. Edward Titchener and Structuralism

      1. Edward was Wundt’s first students and believed that psychology would be explained by mental experiences.

      2. Titchener’s experiments presented stimulus and asked individuals to analyze the identified sensations and feelings.

    3. William James and Functionalism

      1. William came at the same period as Wundt and Titchener, and his work was commendable as the foundation of American psychology.

      2. His work focused on understanding what the mind does, rather than explaining what it is.

    4. Studying Sensation

      1. The period between the late 1800s and early 1900s neglected abnormal behavior and left it at the mercies of psychiatrists.

      2. The move was made because the focus was shifted to concentrating on understanding vision and sensation.

      3. The focus on this analysis led to the realization that there is a distinct difference between physical stimuli and psychological perceptions.

    5. Darwin and the Study of Animal Intelligence

      1. Darwin formulated the theory of evolution that had sizeable impacts on psychology and biology.

      2. The evolution theory suggested that human, as well as other species, share a common ancestor thus, sharing specific features, such as intelligence.

    6. Measuring Human Intelligence

      1. Francis Galton, Darwin’s cousin, was the first person to study human behavior.

      2. Francis’s efforts saw him invent a weather map and measured the beautiful women in different countries.

  1. The Rise of Behaviorism

  1. General introduction

As per the present psychology, it can be defined as the study ofbehavior and experience.

    1. John B. Watson

      1. He is the founder of behaviorism, a field that focuses on observable and measurable behaviors.

    2. Studies of learning

      1. Watson’s influence moved most researchers to study animal behavior specifically, the human learning process.

  1. From Freud to Modern Clinical Psychology

  1. General introduction

      1. Initially, clinical psychology was a small department, and most of its functions were psychiatric responsibilities.

      2. However, Sigmund Freud revitalized the entire process by analyzing patient’s memories and dreams.

  1. Recent Dreams

  1. General introduction

      1. Psychology has advanced to a field that focuses on interventions directed at changing the society’s functions.

      2. Basic research focuses on theoretical knowledge while applied research deals with practical situations.

  1. Psychology through years

    1. Over the past years, psychologists have devoted resources and efforts in making sure the field’s perfection is attained more so, some of the researches have disapproved Titchener’s suppositions.

  2. Summary

    1. In psychology history, several types of research have been made in the name of perfecting the operations.

    2. Each and every psychologist had sizeable contributions to make in this process.