Personality Theory



Theaspect of personality development is a critical concept that mostresearchers endeavor to exploit in order to understand characterdynamics in individual and social perspectives of humanity (Allen,2015). In this paper, an anonymous person by the name John isexamined regarding his personality development from childhood throughto adult stage the analysis uses the concepts of Freud, Jung, andAlder to underpin the social shifts observed in the subject over thespecified period of time. At the early childhood age and teen, Johnwas a cautious, shy and extremely conservative in relation to hispolitical standpoints and other life issues. At the age of twenty,John became social, steadfast and inclusive in his political thoughtsas well as the way he tackled problems in life how are such changesclarified by the three perspectives of Freud, Jung, and Alder?


Freud(2003) approached the notion of personality improvement by buildingon the aspect of unconsciousness and one of his ideas that the essayfocuses on is called psychoanalytic hypothesis which theorized thatthoughts and wishes determined the behaviors of a particularindividual. Besides, the perspective proposed that the characters ofa person are influenced by different reflections on the contents ofthe reservoirs of the brain of which the mind remains unaware Freudconceptualized that the unconscious portion of the brain had thecapability to perform specific functions just as other parts showbiological activities. The brain has the tendency to repressinformation that threatens the wellbeing of an individual and put itin places out of the awareness of a person the unconsciousness isfundamental in protecting the self-esteem of the person in focuswhile also ensuring that the individual has no feeling of pressure ordiscomfort (Freud,2003).

RegardingJohn, he might have changed his personality to resist theperspectives that stimulate the contents producing nervousness to themind in the perception of the psychological guard, thepsychoanalytical theory reveals that the unconscious portion of themind can probe defensive mechanism to the mind of an individual(Freud,2003).John might have used the aspect of rationalization and sublimation tochange his character and suit the desires of the society of whichrationalization is where the unconscious mind works to enable theperson to develop resounding decisions related to the issues that heor she has do not attest.

Theprocess compels people to refrain from thoughts that determine aperson as deficient by giving reasons as to why things occur as theydo and in John’s case, he could have changed his personalitythrough the stages of life to conform to the thoughts of the societyin the subconscious mind which expects a person to be courageous andsociable. The other one is the concept of sublimation where a personredirects the disturbing emotions to activities, ideas and cognitiveinitiatives to issues which are acceptable within the society (Freud,2003).

Thenext hypothesis that Freud (2003) talked about is personalitystructure which abstractly divides the cognizance of somebody intothree structures namely, id, ego, and superego the id reflects theimages, inventions, and dreams of a given person which are inborn andfunctions using the pleasure principles. The second one is the egowhich differentiates the real and imaginary needs while also helpingto quench the desires of an individual through reality principleswhile the last is the superego which imitates the ethical ideas thata person learns from the society or within the family (Freud,2003).A person, therefore, needs a balance between the id and superego forthe lively character to grow the changes of characters in John werethus a result of the battles between the id and superego where thesocial and family needs were robust enough to control his attempt toquench natural desires. The scenario made him change from being a shyperson in childhood to an individual who reflects courage andopenness with the community in his later stages past teenage.


Jungused the analogy which reflects the similarity of cultural backgroundto understand the advancement of the personality of individualsthrough examination of symbols. The theory that he depended on isreferred to as analytical hypothesis which claimed that all humanbeings had specified similarities in their unconsciousness becausethey are from the same area of origin (Jung, 2014). He utilized theelements of collective unconsciousness known as archetypes to accountfor the diverse qualities of human personality, and the itemsincluded in the framework are the self, the persona, an ‘anima’, animus, and the shadow. The `self` focuses on the individualorganization while persona shows that characters that conform toartificial social standards. The `anima` is the area in the life ofmales while shows feminism while animus determines masculinity infemales and the last one is the shadow which reveals the dark partsof a human experience (Jung, 2014).


Alderpostulated that individuals are motivated by the desire for pleasure,creative self, strive for superiority as well as the determination toeliminate inferiority complex, a concept well described by the theoryof individual psychology in which a person orients in the directionof success by working towards the goal of perfection, conquest,perfection, and supremacy (Wigfield &amp Eccles, 2012). John had thepersonality that depicted him as shy and non-social at a tender agebecause children are always deprived of the power which makes themfeel inferior (Wigfield &amp Eccles, 2012) as he reached twentyyears, John developed the concept of self-creativity whichinterpreted his experience with the neighboring individuals and thesociety. He then endeavored to formulate personalities that geartoward dominance intricate that enables his goals to showcase in thecommunity.


Psychoanalyticproposition contends that knowledge, thoughts, and wishes of a persondetermine the behaviors of the particular individual the perspectiveproposed that the characters of a person are influenced by differentreflections on the contents of the reservoirs of the brain which themind is unaware. Analytical hypothesis claims that all human beingshave specified similarities in their unconsciousness because they arefrom the same area of origin it is thus relevant to understand thedominant archetype in an individual to know the personalitydevelopments as well as its dynamics which influences the characterchanges. Alder also theorized that the desire for pleasure motivatespeople, creative self, strive for superiority as well as thedetermination to eliminate inferiority complex. It is, therefore,significant to combine all the three perspectives of Fued, Jung, andAlder to formulate comprehensive processes of personalitydevelopment.


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Freud,S. (2003).&nbspBeyondthe pleasure principle&nbsp(Vol.840). United Kingdom: Penguin Publishing.

Jung,C. G. (2014). Thedevelopment of personality.Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Wigfield,A., &amp Eccles, J. S. (2012). The development of achievement taskvalues: A theoretical analysis. Developmentalreview,12(3),265-310.