Contributionsand Roles of Nurses in Healthcare
Nurses play a fundamental role when it comes to service provision inhealthcare. Nurses are in charge of patient safety. Complexitiesdefine the hospital physical environment as regards to servicedelivery. Despite the challenges, nurses have the mandate to see toit that medication errors are avoided while ensuring that thepatients get the right therapy as per the instructions of doctors.Nurses help in the continuation and growth of the nursing professionin healthcare by educating students (Lievens & Vlerick, 2014).They pass on the skills they have gained over the years to youngnurses joining the profession. Finally, nurses have the fundamentalrole of improving the patient outcomes by devoting their time andefforts to patient care. They exercise the activity by coordinatingwith the rest of the healthcare practitioners in the hospital.
Comparisonand Contrast of Select Healthcare Policies
Various healthcare policies have presented regarding the execution oftasks in the hospital. The Evidence-based policy has beenestablished in healthcare organizations to guide the application ofscientific studies including the randomized controlled trials to helpin the improvement of patient outcomes. The pharmaceutical policydeals with the use of drugs in treatment within the health care setup. Further, it incorporates aspects of prescription and the pharmacyservices to be provided to the patients. The evidence-based focuseson adoption of findings of scientific research in medical care whilethe pharmaceutical policy concentrates on the dynamics of theprovision of drugs to the patients. The policies are of fundamentalsignificance in nursing since they dictate how nurses conduct theirday to day activities. The nurses are expected to adhere to theidentified policies while executing their mandate.
EthicalIssues and Decisions Faced in Healthcare
Nurses continue to face ethical issues arising from the discharge oftheir duties. The first ethical issue that arises regards the need toconform to the wishes of patients. For example, some patients cansuggest that the nurse relieves them of their suffering throughlethal injection. Despite the acknowledgment of the fact that thepatient is indeed suffering, it becomes difficult for a nurse togrant such wishes to them since one has the oath to uphold. It is anethical issue that most of the nurses have to deal with as theyconduct their day to day activities. Further, there is the aspect ofrespecting the rights of patients when administering treatment(Babad & Lubitch, 2011). Some patients could suggest that theyare treated in a given way as per their religious beliefs even thoughit is not in line with the hospital treatment guidelines. Nurses haveto deal with the ethical dilemma on how to handle the particularissue.
Evaluationof Global Healthcare Delivery System
The Global Health Delivery Project was established at HarvardUniversity in collaboration with Brigham and Women’s Hospital(Weintraub et al., 2011). The system aims at the improvement ofhealth care among populations that are disadvantaged. Health deliverysystems in different parts of the world are studied to come up withbetter methods of improving care while disseminating knowledge topractitioners. The system is essential in improving healthcareprovision among nurses since they gain from teachings through theprogram. It is an appropriate scheme of equipping practitioners,nurses included with skills of designing, implementing and improvinghealthcare among the vulnerable communities.
Program LevelStudent Learning Outcomes
The program has been vital in ensuring that the overall studentlearning outcomes are met. The sections covered illustrate thedynamic role nurses play when it comes to service provision. As oneundertakes the course, they gain much insight regarding what isexpected of them as healthcare service providers. The beginning ofthe program was defined by objectives to be achieved upon completion.The discussion has been instrumental in providing useful insightsregarding the experience of nurses following the death of a patient.The literature search conducted has yielded meaningful results thathelp gain a broader understanding on the issue of nurses’experience of grief following the death of a patient. Further, thereis the aspect of teamwork among nurses and its relation to improvedpatient outcomes. The adoption of such concepts helps inunderstanding how one can execute the tasks assigned to them to yieldthe best patient outcomes. The discussion has been instrumental inachieving the expected learning outcomes as stipulated in theprogram.
Overall, much has been gained regarding insight and concepts relatedto nursing practice. Notably, the aspect of nurses’ experience indealing with grief makes it possible to appreciate the need tointroduce mechanisms within hospitals aimed at helping such nurses.Through the same, it would be feasible to achieve the expectedpatient outcomes. Further, a consideration of teamwork and its rolein enhancing service delivery should be taken. Fundamental areas havebeen highlighted that dictate issues affecting nurses as they executethe tasks that have been assigned to them. Matters covered in thediscussion offer vital tools that enable nurses perform their dutieswith ease.
Babad, Y., & Lubitch, A. (2011). Ethical and legal issues ofprivacy and patient rights in the application of informationhealthcare delivery systems. International Journal of HealthcareTechnology and Management, 12(3/4), 230.http://doi.org/10.1504/IJHTM.2011.040477
Lievens, I., & Vlerick, P. (2014). Transformational leadershipand safety performance among nurses: The mediating role ofknowledge-related job characteristics. Journal of AdvancedNursing, 70(3), 651–661.http://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12229
Weintraub, R. L., Talbot, J., Ole-Moiyoi, K., Wachter, K., Sullivan,E., House, A., … Rhatigan, J. (2011). Strategic, value-baseddelivery in global health care: Innovations at Harvard University andBrigham and Women’s Hospital. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine,78(3), 458–469. http://doi.org/10.1002/msj.20264