Natural Resources in North America

NATURAL RESOURCES IN NORTH AMERICA

NaturalResources in North America

Newdemocratic governments in capitalist countries demanded that naturalresources be used for the common good. In historical Europe and NorthAmerica, oil, and natural resources were exploited by governmentalbusiness organizations but in the Middle East capitalist countries,gas and oil resources are public property but still managed bygovernmental agencies. Some economic benefits from resourceextraction go to the government as revenues while the rest isretained by the workers in the industry as wages and salaries. Apolitical struggle, therefore, arises as to what share of thebenefits should be issued to the general public in the as royaltiesand fees and the fraction of the revenue that should be allocated toprivate companies that conduct the extraction. Economic gain based onthis definition includes the large profits earned by the companies,special taxes, fees, and royalties. They are considered by thegovernment to deciding the appropriate share for the general public.It is through this means that the federal governments play a vitalrole in the regulation of extraction of natural resources and fairdistribution of benefits.

InNorth America, indeed forest resources delayed the approval of newtechnologies. This statement is supported by the concept that theeconomy was changing from emphasizing human productivity to enhancingresource productivity. The emphasis on increasing resourceproductivity would provide more meaningful family wages jobs andsignificant reduction of the impact of human activities on theenvironment. New technologies focus on utilizing limited resourcesand minimize their wastage. The adopting of new technologies may haveimpact on wage and human resource in a given industry. Abundantforest resources provided adequate raw materials. The resource was inplenty and therefore, the majority of the inhabitants did not see thereason for adopting new technology to increase resource productivity.

Excesswater refers to the arid west illustrated by the Riparian regionslocated in these areas. They exist in various climatic, hydrologicand ecological environments. These ecosystems include the both bioticenvironment which is mainly composed of plants and animals and theabiotic environment, the immediate surrounding such as soil andwater. The variety of ecosystem reflects the impact of extra moisturein contrast to the adjacent, drier uplands. The ability of the areato be home for various animals and plants is enhanced by suchcharacteristics.

InOklahoma, several projects are underway e.g. Reclamation of LakeMohave. This project was carried out aiming to lower the lake’swater level for the annual Razorback Sucker Harvest which is aspecies native to the Colorado River. Razorback species is consideredendangered according to the Endangered Species Act of 1973which wasamended and published on October 23, 1993. The reclamation of LakeMohave project began on September 15, 2016. The project is includedin the annual river operations that were planned to coincide withconservation programs of aquatic life, especially endangered fish.The lake is found before the Davis Dam on the Colorado River nearLaughlin, Nevada. The reclamation project forms part of the long-termcollaboration between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The twoprograms are carried out together with the National Park Service,Nevada Department of Wildlife, Arizona State University, U.S.Geological Survey and Arizona Fish and Game department. Thefacilities of this reclamation project enable controlling floodssignificantly, recreation and fishing activities, and wildlifeconservation.

Figure1: Lake Mohave

Figure:Fishing activity in the lake

Figure3: Map of Lake Mohave and its surrounding

References

Davis.L, Jonathan. R, Duncan. M. (2012). AmericanEconomic History: The Development of a National Economy.

Fein.J, (2011). AustralianJournal of Environmental Education.Learning to Care: Education and Compassion.

Mund,J. P, (2014). Capacitiesfor Megacities Coping with Water Shortage. UN-WaterDecade Programme on Capacity Development.