Major Themes of World War II

After the World War I, in the year 1919, Germany, Japan and Italystarted fighting to gain back their lost glory. The disappointedGermany wanted to regain its power. The battle for supremacy resultedin the outbreak of the Second World War. There are so many causesthat led to the outbreak of the Second World War. Adolf Hitler’sambition to expand the territory, failure of appeasement by Westernpowers, internment of Japanese-Americans among others were some ofthe causes that led to the war.

Adolf Hitler’s Ambition to expand the territory of Nazi Germany.

After the defeat in the WW1, Hitler was not satisfied with the sizeof the territory he was governing. This being the reason, Hitlerbecame ambitious in expanding the Nazi territory of Germany. He feltlike he was despised and wanted to regain his supremacy. Through hisdictatorship, he started the plans of expanding the area so that hecan own a bigger piece of land.

Failure of Appeasement by Western Powers

In 1939, Germany occupied Czechoslovakia and Italy seized Albania.This actions by Germany and Italy made Great Britain and Franceabandon the policy of appeasement (Weinberg 2005). The failure ofthis appeasement made Great Britain and France create antiaggressionfront. This front included alliances involving Turkey, Greece, andPoland. The antiaggression front speeded the rearmament process. Onthe other hand, Germany and Italy formed an alliance. This allianceremoved Germany the fear it had started developing pertaining the twofront war. All this struggle led to the failure of the appeasementpolicy.

Attack on Pearl Harbor

December seventh, 1941 was a day the Americans will live to remember.On this particular day, the Japanese planes attacked the Pearl Harborkilling thousands of people. The Harbor was the naval base for theAmericans. At this moment most ships were capsized as others weredestroyed. Besides, aircraft at the harbor were destroyed. Thisattack left the whole country in suspense. It was surprising that theJapanese did not stop the attack at that point. They rather extendedthe attack to Hong Kong and Thailand with the aim of inflicting muchdestruction as quickly as possible (Jack 2010). Although shocked bythe assault on the Harbor, the American submarines, fuel oil storagefacilities among others remained unscathed. This formed the basis forthe American response to the war. This attack led to the revenge bythe Americans who later destroyed Japan totally.

The Internment of the Japanese-Americans

After the attack on the Pearl Harbor, the Japanese-Americans livingin the United States were confined. This came about after PresidentRoosevelt signed an executive order demanding all the Japanesecitizens to evacuate the west coast. The population that was orderedto relocate was about 120000 people. They were then confined to oneof the internment camps in the country. After the attack on the PearlHarbor, rumors spread it was caused by the racial prejudice among theJapanese-American citizens. The Americans assumed that the Japanesepeople in America were lured to sabotage the war. This led to mixedreactions among the individual. It was realized that the internmentof the Japanese-Americans was a violation of civil liberties. Thiswas one of the causes that intensified the Second World War betweenJapan and America.

The Holocaust

Holocaust was a Greek term that was historically used to describe asacrificial offering. The word changed its meaning after the SecondWorld War. The new meaning was the mass murder. During the Naziregime in the Second World War, millions of Jews and other smallergroups lost their lives. Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader, was againstthe Jews. They were considered to be threats of racial purity amongGermany communities. During Hitler’s regime, the Jews wereconstantly prosecuted. It is important to note that, the Jewishdiscrimination geared towards the outbreak of world war two. This isbecause Hitler had a mission to wipe away all the Jews. Besides, themajor areas where the Jews were concentrated was in Poland. For thisreason, Hitler was made to target Poland so as to do away with theexistence of the Jews. He achieved this by ordering mass killings ofpeople in Poland. This Holocaust led to the origin of the SecondWorld War.

The Major Battles

There were so many battles that led to the outbreak of the SecondWorld War. This included the Moscow December 1941, the France war ofMay 1940, the Battle of Britain August-September 1940, the operationBarbarossa June-July 1941, the Midway June 1942, the Operation TorchNovember 1942 among others. This battles resulted in world war twobecause the majority of the powers were fighting for supremacy.

The outcome of the war in both Europe and Pacific.

After the end of the Second World War, both Europe and Pacificexperience some changes. Europe was characterized by the loss of oldgreat powers and rises of super powers. The examples of thesuperpowers that emerged included the USSR and the United States ofAmerica. This led to the creation of a bipolar world. Besides, therewas massive loss of lives. People died during the bombings and otherdifferent attacks. Family members were traumatized. On the Pacificside, the Japanese empire was widened to the far end. Also, thesoldiers occupied the islands of South Pacific. This led to thedisplacement of the neighboring communities.

In conclusion, the origin of the Second World War was as a result ofgreedy, egocentrism and pride. All this was aimed at gainingsupremacy. Eventually, the war led to the destruction of propertiesas well as lives of people.


Jack, H. &quotIl Fight to the Last.&quot WWII Japanese Soldier Diary, 2010.

Weinberg, G. World at Arms. New York: Cambridge, 2005.