A.Colloquial Language in Writing
Inliterature or writing, colloquial refers to the use of informalwording, phrasing or even the incorporation of slang in a piece. Theuse of colloquial language often happens in informal situations, thustending to create a conversational tone with a relaxed and casualfeeling. Writers are part of the society and they tend to sneak inexpressions that are often used by people as they speak. Essentially,colloquial language is not wrong. However, its use must only belimited to instances when a writer tries to achieve informality.College assignments and official workplace presentations are some ofthe writings where individuals must use formal language. An exampleof colloquial writing is, “My kid sister ain’t allowed to tagalong with my friends and I”. The formal version of the sentencewould be, “My younger sister is not allowed to accompany my friendsand me” (Center for Academic Excellence, 2011).
B.Declarative statement in writing
Adeclarative statement is used to convey some information. Whether inreference to a plainly easy fact or a bold statement, its solepurpose is to pass information and it ends with a period (full stop).A person will find that almost all written work contains declarativesentences. Practically, it is possible to write all essays andreports using statements. This is especially so if the purpose of thework is to give information or make an argument supported by facts.The structure of declarative sentences does not prompt responses byusing a question or command. An example of a declarative statement,in addition to all those in the paragraph above is “She went toschool by bus” or “He asked whether I had arrived safely”(Metcalfe, 2012).
Paraphrasinginvolves presenting information or ideas from an original source byusing other words that convey the idea without changing it.Paraphrasing is distinguished from quoting by the fact that directcitations use identical wording from the source. Also, quotes aredistinguished from the rest of the written work by the use ofquotation marks or indent. For paraphrasing to be successful, thewriter must use the least words from the original text whilemaintaining the meaning that they convey. Paraphrasing must also beaccompanied by a citation otherwise, it could be interpreted asplagiarism. For effective results in paraphrasing, the statementsmust appear in the original thoughts of the writer. All borrowedideas and information must be cited to give credit to the source.
Originalsentence: Giraffes like hay and acacia leaves they can consume 75pounds of food in a day.
Paraphrased:A giraffe is capable of eating up to 75 pounds of hay and acacialeaves on a daily basis (Housel, 2014).
D.Formal language in writing
Inwriting, formal language is the exact opposite of colloquial languagedescribed earlier. In authoring academic content, the author isexpected to use formal language by making use of official andsophisticated words as opposed to the relaxed, conversationallanguage (Center for Academic Excellence, 2011). Formal language iscommonly applied in serious situations involving audiences that areless known to the writer. Formal vocabularies involve longer wordswhile non-official phrases are relatively shorter (Liu, 2013). Inaddition, formal language limits the use of contractions, relativeclauses without using pronouns and ellipses.
Comparing“She has decided to leave the house” and “She’s decided toleave the house”, the first sentence is indicative of a formalsentence, while the second one displays some degree of relaxation.Another example
Formal:The student whom I met in India is interested in working in London.
Informal:The student I met in India is interested in working in London (notethat this sentence contains a relative clause that is missing therelative pronoun “whom”).
Centerfor Academic Excellence. (2011). Language,Toneand Audience.Retrieved fromhttp://usfsm.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/tone-audience.st-joseph-college.pdf
Housel,D.J. (2014). Read& succeed comprehension kevel 4: paraphrasing passages andquestions.Teacher Created Materials
Liu,S. (2013). Structuredobject-oriented formal language and method: second internationalworkshop, SOFL2012. New York: Springer Shop
Metcalfe,S. (2012). Cengageadvantage books: building a speech.New York: Cengage Brain