Juvenile crime, violent crime, cybercrime

Juvenilecrime, violent crime, cybercrime

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Juvenilecrime, violent crime, cybercrime

Juvenilecrime

Juvenilecrime is the participation of young individuals, usually of the age10-19 years, in delinquent activities[ CITATION Rot16 l 1033 ].In antiquity, criminal justice proceedings and processes for childrenwere quite similar to the adults. Today, there is a distinct criminaljustice system put in place for the juveniles. Delinquent acts can beclassified into two categories. The first type of delinquent istermed as a crime if an adult had committed it, while the secondwould not be a crime had an adult performed it[ CITATION Ric11 l 1033 ].In some jurisdictions, children are subjected to the same criminaljustice as adults[ CITATION Tho161 l 1033 ].In 2012, 182 juvenile arrests were made out of 100,000 juveniles. Thepeak of juvenile offenders falls between 15-19 years[ CITATION Sie15 l 1033 ].

Violentcrime

Violentcrime is a crime which the offender exerts force or threatens thevictim such crimes include murder, robbery, aggravated assault, andrape among others. In 2013, the Federal Bureau of Investigationrecorded an estimate of 1.2 million violent crimes that occurred inthe United States[ CITATION Hes13 l 1033 ].Among these crimes, aggravated assault topped the list with a 62.3percent, robbery with 29.7 % and 6.9 % rape[ CITATION Wit14 l 1033 ].The use of firearms in these violent crimes has increased up to 69percent of the nation’s murder cases, and 40 percent of robberies[ CITATION Max15 l 1033 ].

Cyber-crime

Cybercrimeis a crime that is associated with dealings with computers and thenetworks. Examples of cybercrime include hacking, identity theft,online scams, and illegal online content among others[ CITATION Whi15 l 1033 ].Increased use of theinternet has accelerated cyber-crime and has led to a violation ofprivacy and adverse security issues such as terrorism[ CITATION Sch14 l 1033 ].Data breach cases have skyrocketed in the recent past with largeorganizations such as Sony PlayStation being hacked. There are over170 cyber-attacks every hour[ CITATION Loa12 l 1033 ].

References

Hess, K. M., Orthmann, C. H., &amp Lim, H. (2013). Criminal Investigation. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Loader, B. D., &amp Thomas, D. (2013). Cybercrime: Security and Surveillance in the Information Age. New York: Routledge.

Maxwell, S. R., &amp Blair, S. L. (2015). Violence and Crime in the Family: Patterns, Causes, and Consequences. London: Emerald Group Publishing.

Richards, K. (2011). Trends &amp Issues in crime and criminal justice. Australia`s national research and knowledge centre on crime and justice, 1-8.

Rothe, D. L., &amp Kauzlarich, D. (2016). Crimes of the Powerful: An Introduction. New York: Routledge .

Schjolberg, S. (2014). The History of Cybercrime: 1976-2014. Norderstedt: BoD – Books on Demand.

Siegel, L. J., &amp Welsh, B. C. (2015). Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law. Stamford: Cengage Learning.

Thompson, K. C., &amp Morris, R. J. (2016). Juvenile Delinquency and Disability. Geneva: Springer.

Whitehouse , K. (2015). Hackers steal directly from banks in `new era` of cyber crime. US Today, 1-3.

Withrow, B. L. (2014). Research Methods in Crime and Justice. New York: Routledge.