Aninformation system is one of the most vital components of collectingand managing information. It is a combined set of constituents thatare meant for gathering, storage, and handling data with the aim ofproviding knowledge, information and digital appliances (Haux et al.,2013). Organizations and business companies depend on the informationsystem to interrelate with their clients and manage variousprocesses. There are various constituents of information systemsincluding computer hardware, software, data and human resources orpeople (Söllner, 2014.
Hardwareconstitutes the computer, machine or the device primarily theprocessing unit and all the equipment that support it. The examplesof supporting apparatus are communication, storage, input and outputdevices. Hardware consumes electric energy, and it is importantbecause it houses the primary processor. It is also the place wheredata is not only processed but stored (Haux et al., 2013).
Softwareconstitutes computer programs plus the relevant manuals that supportsuch programs. It exists as a set of established instructions thatare coded in a specific language. Execution of this word regulatesthe way the computer operate. Also, software is vital in connivingand setting up of information system because it makes it easier tomonitor the resources that initiate computer system (Söllner 2014).As well, it simplifies the applications during programming. Thesoftware also makes it simpler to share data among various programswithout necessarily exporting or re-entering all the data.
Datacomprises of a collection of details and facts. It is immaterial andintangible but a vital tool in any inquiry or business (Haux et al.,2013). Similarly, it is useful in installation of information systembecause the component in which important decisions are made. Data isa central element in information system since all the othercomponents are established to manage and manipulate data.
Humanrecourse is the often forgotten component that manage and controlsthe information system (Söllner, 2014). People involved in computersystems include designers, developers, analyst, programmers,engineers, and operators. People are significant components becausethey develop, manage and utilize information system.
Conclusively,information systems are one of the most important and dynamic areas.For information to be well managed, all the vital components of thesystem must be integrated. Basic information, as well as data, iscollected and analyzed in businesses and other organizations. Suchinformation cannot be adequately managed without a successfulincorporation of all the components of the information system.Finally, each element is significant in installation and designing ofthe information system.
Haux,R., Winter, A., Ammenwerth, E., & Brigl, B. (2013). StrategicInformation Management in Hospitals: An Introduction to HospitalInformation Systems.New York, NY: Springer New York.
Söllner,M. (2014). DerivingTrust Supporting Components for Ubiquitous Information Systems.Kassel, Hess: Kassel University Press