Immigration

CurrentTrend of Migration within the United States

Overthe last ten years, the flow of legal permanent migrants has averagedaround one million per annum. The flow information on legal migrantsfor the 2008 FY (financial year) showed that the legalized movementof immigration stood at about 1,107,126. Flow estimates can as wellbe derived from particular sample surveys, inclusive of the CPS(Current Population Survey), a monthly survey performed by the CensusBureau and the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Professional estimates based on this study hint a slowdown of atentative or uncertain magnitude in overall migration. According toRamos (2012), immigration from Mexico has reduced, and the flows fromCA (Central America) portray signs of a decline too although the sizeof such alterations is not clear. Several other sources of dataconfirm the shift in migration from the Mexican state.

Slowingimmigration from the Central America might reflect rising cooperationfrom the Mexican agencies to restrict the entrance of third-statecitizens most probably to try entering the U.S. illegallysubsequently. Migration from Latin America has slowed, though it isconsistent with the longer-term tendencies since the year 2000. Thisresults from the U.S. consular officers who are stiffening thepolicies of issuance of the visa for some countries of South America(Ramos, 2012). It can as well reflect the progressively distinctdestinations of the South American immigrants who have startedmigrating in huge amounts to nations such as Italy, Spain, and Japanover the last decade.

Inaddition, the flows of immigration from Canada and Europe seem to bedecelerating. By contrast, migration from Asia tends to be swellingmovements from the Middle-East are growing as well but are extremelytrivial overall. As stated by Ramos (2012), the rise of the illegalimmigrant populace within the U.S. has been constant due to variousreasons. As such, unauthorized immigration is presently the majorpolicy distress. The number of illegal foreigners peaked during 2007at 12.2 million fell by nearly one million during the recession andmight have risen again with the economic recovery.

Why has been happening

Migrationwithin the U.S. is split into four main periods: the colonial era,the mid-nineteenth century, the beginning of the twentieth century,and the post-1965 immigration. Each time brought a distinct dominantimmigrant group as well as a different reason for migrating. Thelatest era of migration was after 1965, so-called the post-1965period. These migrants were mainly Asian and Hispanic (Ramos, 2012).In the modern ages, immigrants have moved from Mexico fleeing frompoverty and violence.

Reference

Ramos,J. (2012). The other face of America: Chronicles of the immigrantsshaping our future. New York: HarperCollins.