Human Subjects


Protectingthe welfare and rights of those who offer to partake in research isan essential principle of ethical research. Lots of advancement hasbeen made in contemporary eras in altering the culture of research tointegrate this moral accountability into current implementation anddesign entirely. In the 60s and 70s, a sequence of indignitiesconcerning medical research and social science research conductedwith the illiterate and the sick emphasized the need to rigorouslyand systematically protect individuals in research (&quotBig Sites,Big Questions, Big Data, Big Problems: Scales of Investigation andChanging Perceptions of Archaeological Practice in the SoutheasternUnited States&quot, 2014).

However,the following system of fortifications that grew out of theseincreasing concerns is no longer satisfactory. It is a collageprocedure related to the regulatory review and approval of newdevices and drugs or acknowledgment of federal research funding.Also, it is subject to the voluntary cooperation of professionalsocieties, research institutions, and investigators transverses awide selection of research disciplines. Progressively, the currentstructure is being regarded as uneven in its capability to promoteethically responsible research and simultaneously protect welfare andrights of research participants.

Researchconcerning human participants has developed to an enormous commercialand academic activity, but this state’s system for the safety ofhuman participants has not kept stride with that progression. Consequently, the system is too tapered in the choice to safeguardall volunteers, while in contrast, it is often so superfluousinflexible that it suppresses the responsible investigation. Althoughsome modifications by particular professional societies and federalagencies are underway, it will take the efforts of both thelegislative and executive arm of governments in place to inaugurate acomprehensive, responsive, efficient, streamlined system thatencourages ethically responsible research and achieves the protectionof all human participants (&quotBig Sites, Big Questions, Big Data,Big Problems: Scales of Investigation and Changing Perceptions ofArchaeological Practice in the Southeastern United States&quot,2014).


BigSites, Big Questions, Big Data, Big Problems: Scales of Investigationand Changing Perceptions of Archaeological Practice in theSoutheastern United States. (2014). Bulletinof the History of Archaeology,24,16.