Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

GeneticallyModified Organisms (GMOs)

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GeneticallyModified Organisms (GMOs)

Geneticallymodified organisms (GMOs) is a term describing organisms such asplants, animals, and microorganism whose genetic substance has beenaltered in a particular manner contrary to the natural combination ormating[ CITATION Sen13 l 1033 ].The process of combining these organisms is referred to as geneticengineering and allows the transfer of genes from an organism toanother or across- species.

Background

Overthe recent past, the adoption of genetically modified crops hasskyrocketed, and the proliferation of genetically modified food hasraised apprehension among consumers around the world. The UnitedStates remains to be the largest producer of GMO products, accounting63 percent of the entire world’s GMO crops[ CITATION New14 l 1033 ].The production of GMO foods is stimulated by the perceived consumerand producer advantage. For instance, GMO foods go for a relativelylower price hence greater benefit to the consumer. However, thesafety of GMO foods has been put into question, creatingcontroversies among consumers.

Asa result of the time and money invested in developing GMO products,large companies have the right to protect their techniques andproducts. The use of patents on GMO products has adverse economicconcerns to the consumers and small and medium companies[ CITATION Hal05 l 1033 ].The price of the GMO products is bound to increase and prove achallenge to farmers in the developing countries. As a result, adivision between the wealthy and the poor iscreated.

Conclusion

Mandatorylabeling of GMO foods has been proposed in different states toprovide knowledge and awareness of these products to the consumer,citing right of consumers to know what ingredients make up the food[ CITATION New14 l 1033 ].On the other hand, consumers still have fears concerning the GMOfoods mentioning the health risks associated with the products.

References

Hallman , W. K., &amp Hebden, W. C. (2005). American Opinions of GM Food: Awareness, Knowledge, and Implications for Education. Choices. Quarter 4, Available online.

Senauer, B. (2013). Mandatory Labeling of Genetically Engineered (GE) Foods: The Showdown Begins – See more at: http://www.choicesmagazine.org/choices-magazine/submitted-articles/mandatory-labeling-of-genetically-engineered-ge-foods-the-showdown-begins#sthash.fhjUEMoM.dpuf. Choices. Quarter 3, Available online.

Watson, R. R., &amp Preedy, V. R. (2015). Genetically Modified Organisms in Food: Production, Safety, Regulation and Public Health. New York: Elsevier Science.