Everyday, ground water impacts lives of approximately six million New YorkState`s people. Or almost one-third of the New York state’spopulation. Most of them use averagely 110 gallons every day forresidential use. This and several numbers off states in U.S depend onNewYork for their ground water events. It may include, recreation,school, leisure, and in industries for cooling and running productionand manufacture of goods and services.
Accordingto groundwater assessment report, most of the individuals in New YorkCity depend solely on groundwater. According to this report, 44percent of counties in New York City depend on ground water for theirpublic and self-service water. According to the statics, almost sevencounties namely, Nassau, Queens, Suffolk, Tioga, Chenango, Cortlandand lastly Schenectady which represent over than 5.3 million folksare dependent on ground water.
Thedependence on Ground Water in New York State illustrates that thegovernment and citizens should team up to protect this valuableresource in the state. This essay focuses on the prospective sourcesand foundation of contamination that threatens the future of groundwater. It also expounds on the activities New York City is putting inplace in a bid to conserve this resource.
Throughthe formation of an essential method to help ground water sampling,indeed this state is consistently making progress in examining theambient quality of ground water. Various factors contribute tocontamination of ground water. Some of them are as discussed belowaccording to the New York City Assessment report.
Agriculturalactivities: farming activities are divided into the followingfactors agricultural chemical facilities. These bare StandardIndustrial Classification (SIC) bearing the code 3253 according to“NASCA,”“North American Industrial Classification System.”The code belongs to the production and manufacturing of thepesticides, fertilizers, and other chemicals that relate toagriculture animal feedlots, basically these are“CAFO,”“Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation.” AnimalFeeding Operation has devised a way whereby people with more than 200mature dairies must apply for discharge permit and register forassessment programs along with participating in “CNMP” voluntary. Another is drainage wells which include storm water. Poor fertilizerapplication is another element of agricultural activities. Lastly arepesticides
Secondly,disposal activities, in this part various factors contributes topollution of ground waste. Among them deep injection well, the statehas come up with several brine wells in the five counties. Landfillsare another pollutants it includes demolition and constructiondebris. The current discharges do not pose such significant problems.Septic system, the law stipulates that these systems must be welldesigned, maintained and designated to avoid ground water pollution.Shallow injection walls, geothermal well though not all employ “openloop” method that comprises of return of water through shallowinjected well.
Accordingto the report, the following are other pollutants of ground water:mining and the activity drainages, pipelines and sewer lines too,material transfer operations, industrial activities, road salting andneglected gas wells.
Althoughthe above conditions remain to threats to ground water condition,protection programs, have been put in place to ensure that people ofNew York City get access to pure ground water. Emergency Planning andRight to Know Act (1986) was passed to help in dealing with pollutionrelated issues. In this act, four provision were given prominence:Emergency Planning, Toxic chemical release inventory, Emergencyrelease notification and lastly hazardous chemical storage reportingrequirements.
Someof the programs that were put in place to prevent soil pollutioninclude State Pesticide Management Program. The body in charge ofregulation of pesticides in DEC. its core functions is to offercompliance assistance, application reporting, monitoring ofpesticides and finally enforcing pesticide laws that have been set. These helps to reduce soil pollution caused as a result of pesticideapplication Ney York city.
Secondly,Pollution Avoidance Program. The same Pollution Prevention departmentin New York City (DEC) it strives to eliminate or reduce theapplication of poisonous substances and production of impurities atthe source. It is achieved with the help of technical outreach andaimed stoppage planning development along with large and smallbusiness in the City, state agencies, local government, and theentire public.
Thirdis Source Water Valuation Program. The department of health in thecity together with other agencies attached to the Government came upwith this program with active efforts to ensure that ground water inthe city remains pure for both domestic and industrial use. Almost 9,000 water systems that were public maintained a sum of nearly 14,000sources of water at New York City. To accomplish this programsuccessfully the department of health awarded contract pertainingthis program to “URS Corporation.”
Tosum up, New York City came up with various programs to avoid groundwater pollution in the city. The programs are designed to oversee allthe main drainage within the state after a period of five years. Asby 2013, the state completed their second rotation and from the timethe programs were put in place their reports have always been madepublic (New York City, 2010).
New York City . (2010). New York State Groundwater Assessment. Retrieved from New York State Groundwater Assessment: http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/water_pdf/305bgrndw10.pdf