Ethics Happiness, Virtue, Justice, and Conscience

Ethics:Happiness, Virtue, Justice, and Conscience

Ethics:Happiness, Virtue, Justice, and Conscience

Happinessis a state of fulfillment and harmony of the soul and the innerpsyche that is achieved through doing something to oneself or to thesociety in an excellent manner, thereby offering coherence andveracity to the person’s character also referred to as a state ofeudemonia. Aristotle argues that it is only through good deeds, alsocalled virtues, that we get contended whereas Gyge’s argues thatjust actions constitute happiness. Nonetheless, unjust deeds act totorture an individual’s conscience thereby bringing a sense ofguilt and unhappiness. Happiness and contentedness can be achievedthrough being virtuous and true to oneself. It is our conscience thatassists us in moral judgment of values and norms, thereby acting todefine our actions. However, conscience is built on experiences, andit is a trustworthy guide if it is well informed. It is, therefore,wise if we critically assess our actions in order to determinewhether or not they are just and bring happiness. This takes us backto virtues.

Accordingto Mill, the perfection of the desire to be nice can be cultivatedand improved over time to achieve relenting love for virtue anduncompromising self-discipline. This is very true because ourexperiences build our character and ultimately defines who we are.However, moral virtues bear value only if they stem from within. Itis important for people to do good things only if they have a strongwill to doing so and not for mean desires such as fame and pride.Therefore, practice, habituation, and goodwill constitute toself-improvement in terms of virtues.

Onthe other hand, justice is the process of using rules to determinethe rightfulness of an individual before passing judgment. It isdriven by moral values you would surely punish a criminal basing onincriminating evidence. In the long run, this will bring satisfactionand gratification as opposed to punishing someone wrongfully. Theknowledge of good directly motivates an individual to perform a justaction while at the same time avoiding unjust ones.