Epigastric Pain in Adults Subject

EpigastricPain in Adults

Subject

EpigastricPain in Adults

Epigastricrefers to the pin that a person endures in his abdomen close to theribs. Circumstances in which it emerges may include, in case a personlie down as soon as he is from taking his meal. (Ragsdale,L., &amp Southerland, L.,2011). Despite this, is associated with the upward movement of gastricsubstances in the throat, which end up resulting in burning pain.

Differentialdiagnosis

Peritonitis

Thissyndrome involves inflammation of the peritoneum, which lines theinner abdominal wall. When the condition becomes severe, it canresult to the rapture of the abdomen, hence causing complicatedmedical conditions. Pain due to this infection originates fromabdominal viscera and spreads to the entire abdomen with time, thusleading to severe pain. Signs and symptoms of this condition includeloss of appetite, continued vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, anddiarrhea. Peritonitis diagnostic testing includes testing of a sampleof blood and imaging test trough use of x-rays. (Southerland,Let al., 2011) The treatment of this syndrome can be in threedifferent perspectives first, there is medical attention, where apatient receives treatment by use of both antibiotic injections andantifungal medicines. Surgical treatment is the second technique,which mainly occurs in case part of the peritoneum tissue is severelydamaged, thus need to remove it. Nutritional support is anotherfactor to put into consideration in the treatment of peritonitis,here, feeding tubes are passed into a patient’s stomach through hismouth or nose to aid in the consumption of food.

Appendicitis

Thereis the need to carefully examine a patient with severe abdominal painin case he has this syndrome. The inflammation of appendix may resultto its bursting, thus disposing of unwanted and infectious materialsin the abdomen, which consequently leads to abdominal pain. Some ofits symptoms include swelling of the abdomen, nausea, and loss ofappetite.(Cartwright, S. L., &amp Knudson, M. P.,2008). Diagnostic testing in appendicitis includes urine test where thedoctor wants to confirm a person’s kidney stone is not the cause ofthe pain. A blood test is also carried out to confirm if a person hasa high number of white blood cells, which indicates having theinfection. The preferred mean of treatment is keyhole surgery becausea person tends to recover quickly. It involves removing the appendixby making three to four holes in a patient’s stomach.

Endometritis

Refersto the infection of the endometrium, which is the lining of theuterus. Some of its symptoms include bleeding in the vagina anduterine pain. Improper gynecologic procedures and sexuallytransmitted infections are the core contributors to this syndrome.The uterine pain tends to progress into the abdomen thus resulting inabdominal pain. (Mazzei.,2013)Diagnostic testing of endometritis includes endometrial biopsy,where a small tissue of the uterus is removed and analyzed by apathologist. Laparoscopy testing is also employed. Here, afiber-optic tube gets fixed into the abdominal walls in orders toenable observation of organs in the abdomen. Endometritis forms oftreatment include use of antibiotics. Intravenous fluids andhospitalization take place in case the infection is severe.

Conclusion

Inconclusion, this research work clearly gives us causes andconsequences of abdominal pain in adults. Therefore there is the needto take preventive measures and seek medical checkup regularly tocurb it.

References

Ragsdale,L., &amp Southerland, L. (2011). Acute abdominal pain in the olderadult.&nbspEmergencymedicine clinics of North America,&nbsp29(2),429-448.

Cartwright,S. L., &amp Knudson, M. P. (2008). Evaluation of acute abdominalpain in adults.&nbspAmericanfamily physician,&nbsp77(7).

Mazzei,M. A., Guerrini, S., Squitieri, N. C., Cagini, L., Macarini, L.,Coppolino, F., … &amp Volterrani, L. (2013). The role of USexamination in the management of acute abdomen.&nbspCriticalultrasound journal,&nbsp5(1),1.