Epidemic Management in Haiti


EpidemicManagement in Haiti

EpidemicManagement in Haiti

Havingvolunteered to assist with the cholera outbreak in Haiti, there are anumber of issues that need to be considered for successfulintervention. This paper will explore the barriers to responding tothe epidemic and environmental issues in coordinating healthcare. Inaddition, it will also present ways that nurses can use to educatethe public on HIV/ AIDS, including ways of increasing access totreatment, facilitating testing and decreasing the associated stigma.

Basedon Haiti’s history – particularly the 2010 earthquake – thereare a number of hurdles that will manifest when intervening toeliminate cholera. There are external and internal barriers. Externalobstacles are those that come with the volunteers. Lack of proficientcommunication skills owing to language differences would be one ofthe issues facing the participants (Fisher, Wood &amp Plyler, 2014).However, this can be solved by using interpreters. Additionally,following the earthquake, Haiti’s water infrastructure wasaffected, leading to poor hygienic conditions. Consequently, thecondition is exacerbated given that cholera thrives in poorsanitation.

Inorder to coordinate care, the community needs to know about itsavailability as well as its location. Centers that are being used byother organizations will be employed since they are already known tothe community. While planning all this, it is important to ensurethat environmental issues are taken into consideration since the landin Haiti is prone to environmental shocks.

HIV/AIDS programs are most successful if they include prevention measures(Fisher, Wood &amp Plyler, 2014). In order to educate the public,the community will need to be an active part of the process. Flyerswritten in the local language should be designed and distributed.Additionally, the village leaders, elders and villagers can becontacted through meetings to teach them the importance of preventingthe spread of HIV/AIDS. Also, this will help warm up the community tothe message by creating a good rapport. Local health facilitiesshould also be included to help promote treatment efforts andeducation. Following the earthquake, Haiti has had a hard timedeveloping and sustaining effective healthcare interventions. Usingevidence based strategies is one of the ways of ensuring success.


Fisher,M.L.S., Wood, T., &amp Plyler, L. (2014). Responding to the Choleraepidemic in Haiti.

AmericanJournal of Nursing.114 (5), 38 – 46