Donna Price

4

HE 201I

Cindy Vargas

9-27-2016

Research Proposal: Menstrual Suppression

Menstrual suppression refers to the use of hormonal birth control bywomen, aimed at avoiding monthly bleeding or reducing period cycles.It is highly likely that every woman has at one point wished that shecould stop her period. This is especially the case when travelling,attending an event, athletic competition or going on a vacation.Currently, there are readily available oral contraceptive pills,which have made menstrual suppression possible. They are Lybrel,which alters a woman’s bleeding pattern resulting in no periods,and Seasonale and Seasonique, which reduce the menstruationcycle to only four periods every year instead of twelve periods. Asmenstrual suppression continues to become popular, women’sattitudes seem to be a major influence in determining whether onewould want to suppress periods or not. Hence, the purpose of thisresearch is to find out how women’s attitudes about menstruationinfluence their decision regarding menstrual suppression.

Literature Review

Menstrual suppression has been in existence from the mid 1960s. Itwas historically referred to as therapeutic amenorrhea, as it wasused to suppress periods in females with disorders resulting inexcessive bleeding (Hillard 631). Innovations in birth control pillshave made it possible for clinicians to recommend hormonal therapy asa method of suppressing menstruation for individuals who’s bleedingcauses health problems. These include “patients with aplasticanemia, thrombocytopenia or severe Von Willebrand disease” (Hillard632). Further developments in oral contraceptive regimens haveresulted in increased use of the pills to stop or reduce periods. Asa result, menstrual suppression is no longer used for medicalreasons, but women are opting to stop their bleeding due to reasonssuch as dislike towards menstruation and its associated symptoms.

Research indicates that women’s attitudes about monthly bleedingplays a crucial role in influencing the decision to suppressmenstruation or not (National Women’s Health Network 1).Females, who experience pain and discomfort during their period, arehighly likely to consider suppression as an effective relief. Othersconsider not menstruating or having fewer periods convenient. This isespecially the case for individual who love to travel, athletic womenand those with tight working schedules (National Women’s HealthNetwork 1). On the contrary, there are women who perceivemenstrual suppression as unnatural. Such women depend on theirperiods as a sign that they are not pregnant, or view periods as anindicator of being normal. Such individuals are highly unlikely toopt for menstrual suppression, regardless of whether it is only meantto reduce the frequency of periods (National Women’s HealthNetwork 1).

Methodology

The research will be conducted through a qualitative study. Inspecific, personal interviews will be used to assist researchers findout the attitudes of women towards menstrual suppression. Interviewsare effective because the researcher is able to interact directlywith participants. Hence, issues can be discussed in detail. Inaddition, interviews enhance the ability to have participants of allages, education levels and from different locations, unlike onlinequestionnaire surveys that restrict participation to only includepeople who are computer literate and come from regions where they canaccess the internet.

The study participants will be women aged 20 to 40, fromuniversities, different localities and workplaces. They will beselected based on their willingness to participate in the research.Once subjects have been identified, the research will narrow downvolunteers to 100 participants. The criteria used in narrowing downparticipants include identifying those who are readily available forthe interviews, women willing to disclose their attitudes and womenwho have or have not used menstrual suppression pills. After which,interviews will be organized and conducted within a period of twomonths.

Results and Discussion

The study anticipates disclosing the different attitudes of womentowards menstruations, and how they influence menstrual suppression.

Works Cited

Hillard, Paula A. Menstrual Suppression: Current Perspectives.International Journal of Women’s Health 6(2014): 631-637.

National Women’s Health Network. Menstrual Suppression,2016. Web. 28 Sep. 2016. https://www.nwhn.org/menstrual-suppression/