Deepvein thrombosis (DVT) usually results from a blood clot that occursin a vein located deep in the human body. DVT distress the thigh orlower leg however, the clot may occur in other body parts.
RiskFactors for Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deepvein thrombosis mainly affects people who have sixty years and above.However, the some other factors also increase the risk of sufferingfrom DVT. Some individuals may inherit a blood-clotting disorder fromthe parents (Bergan & Bunke-Paquette 2013). Besides, spending alot of time on bed rest for instance, during paralysis, increasesthe chances of having DVT because the calf muscles do not contract toallow for proper blood circulation. Moreover, the oral contraceptivesand therapy that is used to replace hormones in women increase theodds of getting DVT. Furthermore, individuals with heart failure anddiseases of the bowel have a higher probability of being affected bythe deep vein thrombosis (Bergan & Bunke-Paquette, 2013).
Signand Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis
Nearlyhalf of the patients with deep vein thrombosis will show thefollowing signs and symptoms. The skin over an area that has beenaffected by DVT can change its color and become bluish or pale (Kinget al., 2013). Also, the ankle or foot can puff up as an indicationof DVT. Besides, patients suffering from this condition usuallyexperience cramping pain that starts in the calf muscles (King etal., 2013).
IfDVT is not noticed at an early stage, it can lead to more complicatedconditions such as pulmonary embolism and postphlebitic syndrome. Apulmonary embolism happens in the lungs where a vein gets blocked bya thrombus, and it can be fatal because it causes shortness ofbreath. Postphlebitic syndrome is a condition in which the veins inthe affected areas get destroyed resulting in a reduction in bloodflow (Blann, 2015).
Computedtomography, venography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasoundare some of the tests that can be conducted to rule out DVT.
Bergan,J. J., & Bunke-Paquette, N. (2013). TheVein Book.Oxford: Oxford University Press, USA.Top of Form
Blann,A. (2015). DeepVein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism: A Guide for Practitioners.London: M & K Update Ltd.
King,T. L., Brucker, M. C., Fahey, J., Kriebs, J. M., Gegor, C. L. &Varney, H. (2013). Varney`smidwifery.New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning.