I selected 20 countries as following: Australia, Canada, Brazil,China, France, Germany, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, United Kingdom,South Africa, United States, New Zealand, Egypt, Sweden, Thailand,Vietnam, Ghana, and Russian. The year selected was 2011.
Figure 1:Economic Indicators
The scatter graph slightly shows a slight positive correlationbetween life expectancy and poverty headcount ratio. Some countrieslike Canada, Australia, France, Germany, United Kingdom and theUnited States had zero poverty headcount ratio. This means that theyhad a high life expectancy, which was slightly above eighty years(Aldridge et al., 2013). There was another group of countriesthat had very low poverty headcount ratio (below five). However,these countries had a relatively high life expectancy of betweensixty seven (67) years and seven five (75). Countries under thiscategory include China, Thailand, Vietnam, and Russia. The last groupof countries was that with a slightly high poverty headcount ratio,these countries had a relatively low life expectancy which was aboveaverage. India and South Africa were examples of countries withslightly low life expectancy.
Countries like Brazil and India had slightly high poverty headcountratio. However, they had an impressive life expectancy. For instance,India had a poverty ratio of sixteen (16) but still its lifeexpectancy was sixty six (66) years. The high life expectancy isattributed to good health policies. For example, India has verydeveloped health facilities (Sigelman & Rider, 2014). This meansits citizens may live longer despite high poverty headcount ratio.Diseases that greatly affect the developing countries (for example,malaria) have been eradicated in these countries. Brazil, however,has a relatively stable economy due to its high life expectancy and apoverty headcount ratio of around six which is quite high.
There exist another isolated group of countries those with a lowpoverty headcount ratio and an above average life expectancy. A goodexample of such a country is Ghana. Ghana had zero poverty headcountratio, and its life expectancy was sixty. In spite of the low povertyhead count ratio, individuals die at a relatively earlier age thanindividuals in countries of the same caliber. Countries that had zeropoverty headcount ratio had a life expectancy of eighty years andabove. The case for Ghana could be as result of poor healthfacilities (Castles, 2014). Although every citizen in the country maybe earning above one dollar per day, the health care services arepoor. Poor health care services can result in citizen’s lifeexpectancy reducing since citizens do not receive up to standardhealth care services. Their hospitals may lack appropriate technologyand qualified personnel.
To wrap things up, it can be stated that countries with zero povertyheadcount ratio have very high life expectancy while countries thathave a high poverty headcount ratio have a low life expectancy(Aldridge et al., 2013). The living standards in thesecountries with zero poverty headcount ratio is high and expensive,though. Nevertheless, the citizens can earn enough to take off theirbills. They are also in a position to get good public services suchas health and education. On the other hand, countries with highpoverty headcount ratio have low life expectancy. Moreover, manycitizens in these countries earn less than a dollar a day, and theyhave poor public services especially education and health (Sigelman &Rider, 2014). In developing countries, hospitals are ill-equipped andlack enough qualified personnel.
Aldridge, H., Bushe, S., Kenway, P., & Tinson, A. (2013).Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2013. York: JosephRowntree Foundation and The New Policy Institute.
Castles, I. (2014). 13. The Mismeasure of Nations: A Review Essay onthe Human Development Report 19981. Measuring and promotingwellbeing: how important is, 281.
Sigelman, C. K., & Rider, E. A. (2014). Life-span humandevelopment. Cengage Learning.