Alcoholismis the term used to refer to an addiction to the consumption ofalcoholic liquor. It is a chronic disease with both psychological andenvironmental factors affecting its development and manifestations.In the United States, the disease has destroyed the lives of manypeople and put a lot of social and financial burden on the society.Latest findings from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse andAlcoholism reveal that in 2014, about 88% of people aged 18 years,and above have drunk alcohol at one point in their lives(Niaaa.nih.gov.2016). Among these aggregates, 60% reported having been drinking inthe past month. A shocking 6.7% percent further said that they arecurrently involved in heavy drinking. Effective treatments should beadopted to kick off the drinking habit. This paper summarizes themain events of Season 15 episode 9 of a Television series known asIntervention. Additionally, it included a brief discussion about thepros and cons of using reality media. It is evident from the filmthat effective intervention on alcoholism requires the activeinvolvement of the victim, his or her family, and interventionist.
of major events
Thefilm is about a girl by the name Loren who had an intenserelationship with her further before things turned inside out. Shehad been living a normal life and was doing well in her studies untilwhen she lost her father and high school sweetheart. It is afterthese events that she establishes a friendship with Christy. The twobecome alcoholic addicts. According to the film, they used to drinkup to three liters of boxed wine every day. They also opted for drugand were using Diazepam without prescription. Although Loren isportrayed to be better physically than her partner Christy, it isevident that both have been negatively affected by excessive alcoholconsumption. Christy, for instance, is operating with only 10% liver(WatchLoren Full Episode – Intervention | A&E.2016). Socially, they are incapable of establishing normalrelationships with other people and as a result, they are living indenial. The only companion they have is each other.
Thefilm points out the case of Loren problem. Although her family hadattributed her misery to the sudden loss of her father and highschool boyfriend, it is now revealed that she was molested by hermaternal grandfather. It was this betrayal that haunted her and madeher engage in alcohol abuse. There have been several instances whereLoren has contemplated committing suicide, but her mother was alwayspresent. The two main characters are now engaging in all illegalthings. They are taking pills, engaging in excessive alcohol abuseand fighting. According to medical experts, Christy only has fewmonths to live because she is losing a lot of weight at a very fasterrate. It is at this point that the film introduces another character,Andrew Galloway who is also the interventionist. After observingLoren and Christy, he quickly recognizes that the two are codependentand as a result, he would have to conduct a double intervention.
BothLoren ad Christy seem to be against the intervention. They only agreeafter strong conviction from their families. They are assured thatthe process will not interfere with their friendship. A veryimportant observation at this point is that despite theirdeteriorating condition and high probability of death, Christy stillis not convinced that she needs medical attention (WatchLoren Full Episode – Intervention | A&E.2016).. They eventually agree to join rehabilitation together. Twomonths later, there is a lot of hope because they are recovering andwill be assuming their normal lives. Christy, for instance, hasmanaged to gain a lot of weight. The film ends by showing how soberChristy and Loren have become following the intervention.
Causesof Alcoholism from the case
Althoughthe actual cause of alcoholism is unknown, the film is effective inillustrating some of the risk factors linked to the addiction.Previous experiences of high levels of stress increase one`ssusceptibility to alcohol dependence. In this case, it was evidentthat Loren has undergone a lot of traumatic experience and this couldhave influenced her decision to start engaging in alcohol abuse.Additionally, alcoholism can be attributed to peer influence as wasthe case between Christy and Loren. The two confided in each other,and whenever they were together, they were either drinking, fightingor using pills.
Whenit comes to alcoholism, it is evident that the impacts of thesurrounding environment cannot be ignored. According to a recentstudy, it was established that 28.1% of children of alcoholicbiological parents were also abusers of the same commodity(Niaaa.nih.gov.2016). Depending on where an individual is coming from, it makes itharder or easier for one to become an addict. A society which doesnot place much emphasis on the dangers of alcohol consumption hasmore alcohol users than the rest.
Analysisof Alcoholism in relation to the film
Effectsof alcoholism addiction
Excessiveuse of alcohol and its addiction has various psychological andphysiological problems. One of the most common impacts is that itaffects cognitive memory and memory disturbances (Rolando &Katainen, 2014). Those individuals who are suffering from addictionusually have impaired judgments. Additionally, many of them tend tobe antisocial and are aggressive. Excessive uptake of alcohol iscapable of damaging essential body organs such as gastrointestinaltract, pulmonary and endocrine system and the integumentary systemjust to name a few (McCambridge, 2012). In the film, Both Loren andChristy were suffering body injuries. Additionally, the fact thatthey were always alone and did not enjoy the company of other peopledemonstrated that they were antisocial. Liver cirrhosis is anothersignificant health impact of alcohol. According to statistics,approximately 10000 to 24000 deaths occur annually as a result of thecondition. In the film, Christy liver was already damaged and was nowoperating at 10% efficiency.
Apartfrom the physiological effects of alcoholism, the film shows thatwhen someone is deeply addicted to alcohol, he or she can also suffereuphoric recall, repression, and blackouts. If the addict was thesole breadwinner for the family, the family would have to endureharsh economic challenges. At the family level, alcohol users cause alot of disruptions because the members have to deal with withdrawalsymptoms (Efron, Efron & Carruth, 2013). Additionally, hugeamounts of money have to be spent in rehabilitation, and this moneycould have been diverted into other areas. Lastly, the time wasted asan individual overcomes alcohol addiction cannot be recovered. Onealways tends to have a feeling that he or she wasted an importantpart of their life. Although the film does not directly link thedeath of Loren`s boyfriend to the car accident, it is important tonote that one of the effects of excessive alcohol consumption isusually high rates of road casualties.
Interventionsto Alcohol addiction
Thereare various methods that can be used to manage alcoholism and toensure that an individual fully regains his or her health. In thefilm, one of the initiatives suggested is rehabilitation. In thissystem, an individual is treated for depression and other relateddisorders, and there are counseling activities being conducted, andindividual access to prohibited or illegal is limited. Inrehabilitations, there are different programs such as residentialtreatment, local support groups, outpatient, and recovery or soberhouses among others (Rolando & Katainen, 2014). In this case, thevictims were admitted for residential treatment because of theseverity of their state. Additionally, this was a very effectivemethod of preventing relapse once an individual decided that enoughwas enough and could not proceed with the treatment. As was the casein the film, rehabilitation centers as an intervention to alcoholaddiction has several advantages such as personalized treatment planswhich allow for faster recovery. Additionally, another advantage isthat rehabilitation centers equip an individual with life skillstraining and other aftercare services ensure that an individual doesnor relapse.
Thepros and cons the documentary
Lorenis a docu-style series and is intended to educate people who arestruggling with alcoholism and other disorders. One of the majoradvantages of using this media is that because of its visualpresentation, it tends to have a wider coverage as opposed to othermeans such as Newspaper. The producer used standard and easy tounderstand language so that more people can understand the content.Additionally, they are easy to follow and relate to actual events.The film is organized in a chronological manner, and one can easilyfollow how events are unfolding. This types of Medias are usuallypreferred because they are persuasive.
Theproducer has included rhetorical devices such as ethos, pathos, andlogos to capture the audience attention effectively. Unlike in otherforms of Medias, visual facts are invincible evidence and have agreater power to move minds than written or spoken word. This type ofmedia educate and inspire people into taking the necessary steps oractions. It is evident that any drug addict viewing such a film willthink twice after coming into terms into what had happened.
Oneof the major disadvantages of this media is that it is expensive toproduce. It usually requires a team of actors and film specialists toproduce a persuasive documentary. It is usually applicable or is ofhelp to literate members of the society. This media selection is noteffective because it is time-consuming and requires that the victimof drug abuse concentrate on understanding the message that is beingpassed. In normal settings, drug addicts are usually overwhelmed withthe negative effects and may not be in a position to sit down andunderstand what is being presented. Many people have often arguedthat some do not depict the actual reality on the ground. Theyindicate that it is easy for a drug addict to decide to stop usingdrugs while in the real sense, there is usually more effort andpersonal conviction involved for someone to come to the decision.
Froman individual`s perspective, such reality shows benefit societybecause it teaches people about some of the challenges that drugaddicts experiences. Additionally, through watching such realityfilms, one can know how to interact with alcoholic addicts and helpthem recover from their addiction. Such reality films are compellingbecause apart from educating, they highlight possible solutions thatcan be implemented to help people suffering from addiction recovery.Reality films can be used as an important piece to encourage andconvince drug users to resort to interventions such as rehabilitationamong others. It is, therefore, evident that irrespective of the highcost of production, time and effort that are put in producing thedocumentary films, the benefits outweigh the disadvantages becausethey eventually get to be used to educate and train drug users whoare undergoing treatment.
Applicabilityto addressing major societal problems and summary of lesson learned
Realityshows have for a long time been effective in addressing majorsocietal problems. They have been used to address social vices suchas crimes, prostitution, addiction and mental illness and drug useamong others. They have often been successful because they involvevideo coverage and are thus more persuasive than other forms ofdigital media. Additionally, it is easier to verify the originalityand authenticity of the film because credit is given to the studyparticipants and various groups and organizations that take part inthe production. I have learned a lot from the television programs.For instance, I have learned that previous traumatic experience canmake one to indulge in alcoholism. Additionally, drug addicts tend toenjoy each other`s company because they feel secluded from the restof the population, yet they are in need of a companion.
It,therefore, evident that alcoholism is a major social problem in thecountry. Annually, thousands of people die as a result ofalcohol-related causes. The reality television program narrates thestory of two ladies who were deeply rooted in alcohol abuse. The twoundergo a lot of physical, psychological and physiologicalchallenges. Excessive consumption of alcohol has severe consequenceson the health of the individual, his or her family and the society asa whole. To control alcohol abuse, the film suggests that the victimsshould be taken to rehabilitation centers. To ensure a quickrecovery, it is evident that the victims themselves need to admitthat they have a problem and are willing to change as was the casewith Loren and Christy. Some of the negative impacts of alcoholismare overdependence, injury, depression and even death throughaccidents. Alcoholism can be caused by high-stress level fromprevious life events and relapse. Available interventions to managingalcoholism include group support, counseling, rehabilitation and peersupport. Some of the pros of rehabilitation as an intervention toalcoholism include that it is more persuasive and has a largerappeal. On the other hand, rehabilitation, it is expensive and maynot necessarily be successful because the drug user has to becommitted and concentrate for it to have a good impact. Lastly, useof reality shows is effective in educating about major socialproblems such as addiction and mental illness.
McCambridge,J. (2012). Dealing responsibly with the alcohol industry inLondon. Alcoholand alcoholism, 47(6),635-637.
Niaaa.nih.gov.(2016). AlcoholFacts and Statistics | National Institute on Alcohol Abuse andAlcoholism (NIAAA).Retrieved fromhttps://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics
Potter-Efron,R., Potter-Efron, P., & Carruth, B. (2013). Thetreatment of shame and guilt in alcoholism counseling.Routledge.
Rolando,S., & Katainen, A. (2014). Images of alcoholism among adolescentsin individualistic and collectivistic geographies. NordicStudies on Alcohol and Drugs, 31(2),189-206.
WatchLoren Full Episode – Intervention | A&E.(2016). Aetv.com.Retrieved 26 September 2016, fromhttp://www.aetv.com/shows/intervention/season-15/episode-9