Culture in Human Services


Culturein Human Services

Culturein Human Services

  1. Identify the particular program or area of practice that you selected for the Final Project.

Inthis project, I have identified the criminal justice system as anarea of practice that is in need of human services. Morespecifically, the criminal justice system needs prison socialworkers, who have the role of enhancing rehabilitation amongincarcerated citizens to ensure the safety of communities. Socialworkers assess the general situations of prisoners, looking forfundamental aspects such as mental health disorders, educationaldisparities, and addictions.

  1. Identify and describe the peer-reviewed article you selected from the Walden Library.

Thepeer review article that I selected addresses educational and workcharacteristics of incarcerated males. The article argues thatstakeholders in rehabilitation have failed to focus on offenderpopulations. However, it is important to focus on these populationsbecause of the growing number of incarcerations in the US. The mostimportant issue, however, is that the recidivism rates are also onthe rise. Moreover, the demographic proportions of incarcerations aredisproportionate, with men facing higher incarcerations compared towomen.

Thearticle further asserts that the high recidivism rates amongex-offenders are a threat to communities. A significant percentage ofstate prisoners go back to their communities to restart their lives.Sadly, more than 60% of the returnees are re-arrested, and more than50% of them go back to prison in the first three years of theirrelease. The authors argue that the high incarceration and recidivismrates can be lowered by addressing factors that hinder the transitionof offenders back to the community.

Accordingto the authors, one of the factors contributing to the highrecidivism rates is the fact that most of the offenders have lowereducational attainments when compared to the general population.Moreover, they lack significant vocational skills thus subjectingthem to higher unemployment rates. The prisoners also exhibitnegative or unrealistic self-concepts because of emotionaldisturbances. These factors are the highest contributors tounsuccessful reentry to their communities, thus contributing to thechances of reoffending.

  1. Explain how culture and the article you selected are relevant to the program or area of practice that you identified.

Thecultures of communities have significant effects on the process ofreintegrating previous offenders back to their communities.Communities view ex-offenders as a danger to them, therefore, theyare likely to have trouble in securing employment (Dwyer,2015).The American culture is shaped to shun ex-offenders especially thosethat have a history of recurrent incarcerations. The ex-offenders areaware of this fact therefore, they are unwilling to seek legalemployment in their communities and may opt to engage in illegalactivities such as drug trafficking (Zaitzow,2011).The negative cultural mindset, therefore, causes the individuals tohave tough economic situations.

Americancommunities have a culture of stigmatizing ex-offenders. Housing isone of the most notable areas that present difficulties to offenders.Very few tenants are willing to rent their houses to people with acriminal history (Dwyer,2015). Additionally, ex-offenders cannot secure decent employmentopportunities and may, therefore, be unable to afford housing costs.Finally, the culture in the US employment market demands people tohave high educational attainments augmented by impressive vocationalskills (Zaitzow,2011).

Thisarticle brings to picture the challenges that ex-prisoners face inreintegrating into their communities. Poor educational and vocationalskills characteristics are among the main factors that exposeex-offenders to the vulnerabilities of a harsh community (Dwyer,2015).The article helps human service professionals in the criminal justicesystem to understand the areas that need attention regarding helpingex-offenders to go back to their communities. Therefore, the articleand culture are relevant in addressing issues for human serviceprofessionals in the criminal justice system.


Dwyer,C. D. (2013). “They might as well be walking around the inside of abiscuit tin”: Barriers to Employment and Reintegration for‘Politically Motivated’Former Prisoners in NorthernIreland.&nbspEuropeanJournal of Probation,&nbsp5(1),3-24.