Correctionsas Treatment Organization
Correctionsas Treatment Organization
FrancisT. Cullen’s case, “TakingRehabilitation Seriously”,debates on why the correction units need to treat prisoners ratherthan focusing only on punitive measures. The author uses his personalaccount to emphasize that the prison system should avoid the act ofpunishing prisoners but instead assume measures that can lead torehabilitation during the period of incarceration. In addition, heproposes that correction units should have sufficient gaming spaceand rooms for educating the captives (Cullen,2012).Cullen’s article contends that the American jails are highlyineffective and discusses the features of rehabilitation and theirways of restoring prisoner’s sense of humanity.
Themajority of stakeholders in correction systems have for a long timethought of prison departments as facilities where offenders need tobe confined and denied their liberties. They believe that prisonersshould only serve their sentences through severe punishment for thewhole period. While the logic may be valid, the idea of incarcerationis similarly meant to create rehabilitative effects on convicts(Polaschek,2012).The impression of rehabilitating one during imprisonment is that theperson will never desire to go back to custody after being set free.If corrections are used as treatment organizations, then it is anexpectation that people’s negative experiences as prisoners willlead to their change in personality from bad to good. However, if thephilosophy of treatment is not adopted, then prisons will only serveas organizations used to better the convict’s ways of committingcrime (Rosoff,Pontell and Tillman, 2016).This is likely to happen because the criminals will develop networksand become profoundly informed in the criminal sense
Inan effort to provide better rehabilitation facilities to theconvicts, corrections should begin summoning psychiatrists to assistin dealing with psychological problems and other serious issues thattrouble the prisoners. Additionally, the change in philosophy willmake it possible for the government to build classrooms whereprisoners can be taught standards of becoming positive-mindedindividuals. Such methods are recognized to have a moral effect onthe detainees (Rosoff,etal.,2016).Asa result, most of them will manage to overcome backgrounds withnegative morality and encourage them to better their lives. Aftertheir freedom, convicts who will have stuck with the requirements ofthe programs will have a better opportunity to prosper and becomelawful citizens. Unfortunately, the use of correction units ascenters for treatment has been a challenging endeavor (Cullen,2012).Convicts have been isolated from the rest of the public and made tolive in a community where misconduct is the way of life.Consequently, the amount of time spent in prison has pushed most ofthem farther into crime.
Treatmentis focused on making a change in convict’s attitudes thatlaw-breaking is neither a preferred nor an essential conduct. When aperson is taken to prison, there is a state of desolation which canmake one to become more immoral. However, treatment throughrehabilitation needs to be a major component of the country’scriminal justice system. Punishing and making a follow-up throughrehabilitation can be the best way to discouraging crime. Moreimportantly, the aspect of treatment needs to be founded on the typeof offense. If a proper verdict is issued to lawbreakers, it canassist to discourage them from any future illegal activity (Craig& Dixon, 2013).As a result, if the state can adopt treatment as a policy incorrection facilities, it can succeed in its endeavors to managecrime.
Cullen,F. (2012). Taking rehabilitation seriously. Punishmentand Society,14(1),94-114.
Polaschek,D. L. (2012). An appraisal of the risk–need–responsivity (RNR)model of offender rehabilitation and its application in correctionaltreatment.Legaland Criminological Psychology, 17(1),1-17.
Craig,L. A., & Dixon, L. (Eds.). (2013). Whatworks in offender rehabilitation: An evidence-based approach toassessment and treatment.John Wiley & Sons.
Rosoff,S., Pontell H., Tillman,.(2016). Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Implications ofAlternative Definitions of “White-Collar Crime”. TheOxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime,39.