Contemporary Issues in a Global Society Terrorism

ContemporaryIssues in a Global Society: Terrorism

Terrorismis a global issue that has continued to plague the social-economicwelfare of the society. Defined by most scholars as the use ofviolence to intimidate and force people or government towardspredetermined religious, political or social conditions, terrorismcurrently presents the current global society with one of its mostserious challenges. This argument is true especially when viewed fromthe perspective of social-ethical concepts where there are certainethical standards expected from members of society regardless ofdifferences in creed, political affiliations, or race (Chomsky &ampVltchek, 2013). However, this essay will attempt to dissect thisissue using examples such as 9/11 and the recent bombings in France,and analyze them using the kaleidoscope of social-ethical conceptswhile calling the society to action based on the implications.

Selectionof the global issue and rationale

Whilemaking the selection from the wide array of social-ethical issuesplaguing the society today, one of the most important considerationsthat compose a large part of the rationale is the effect on theglobal society. Considering the same, terrorism comes up quite highon the list of possible issues based on its incremental effect on thesociety and its attachment to the social-ethical concepts underlying(Braswell, McCarthy &amp McCarthy, 2014). Terrorism has existed foralmost as long as man has used weapons to achieve his objectives, butits effect has not always been on such as large scale. Currently, thesociety has integrated into one large global society comprised ofdifferent people who have chosen to ignore their differences andco-exist, but terrorism threatens to undo this peaceful coexistenceconsidering recent examples and their effects.

Scholarson social ethical matters and security experts refer to terrorism asthe use of violence to either coerce or compel people, governments ororganizations to consider and adopt certain predetermined terms andbeliefs (Bruce, 2013). These beliefs might be religious, political orideological, and they provide these terrorists with the objective touse violence. While some terrorist activities target organizationsand governments through bombs and attacks, the recent trend amongterrorists targeting innocent people to compel governments and otherorganizations to adhere to certain demands is what has propelled theissue to its current level of concern and priority. The fact thatdiversity has placed people in different parts the world makes theissue a global one, especially in cases where the motivations arereligious or ideological in nature. Therefore, millions of innocentpeople are sacrificed for the sake of simple ideological, religiousor political differences bringing up major issues related to socialethics and the norms required in a global society.

Forthe sake of indicating the impact of terrorism on a global society,we may need more time and space. Suffice it to say that terrorism haslost all its initial boundaries and taken up a global presence.Consequently, the essay will make considerations of two majorexamples of terrorism to indicate and exemplify global terrorism.They are New York and Paris, where the 9/11 and French bombings tookplace, respectively.

Natureof the issue

Thenature of terrorism, especially in the current geopolitical andsocial-ethical global environment is such that there are noboundaries. Most of the terrorist activity existent today has apolitical angle relating to the underlying religious fundamentalsthat exist in the region is exists. Therefore, the Middle Easternregion might be against the Capitalist organizations growing in theregion, but the real issue lies in the threat the external religionspresent to Islam (Dexter &amp Guittet, 2014). However, this is notalways the case. One demonstration of the alternative is bombings onallies of a major target who is currently out of reach. The objectiveof such obtuse attacks might be two-fold to coerce the secondarytarget to reduce or cease cooperating with the main target, or attackorganizations and establishments in the secondary target thatrepresents the interests of the main target (Bruce, 2013). Whicheverform such terror activities take, the common factor is the great lossof life, grave bodily harm, and huge destruction of property with adomino effect on the economy, international trade, tourism and otheradjacent industries.

Examplesof the issue on society

Suchwas the case in both the United States and France when they sufferedtheir respective terror attacks. The attack on the World Trade Centeron September 2001 in the United States killed more than 3000 people,injured thousands more and caused the collapse of the twin towers aswell as billions in losses to the American economy (Bartlett &ampMiller, 2013).

Theattacks immediately affected the American Islamic community whosuffered attacks based on the fact that the perpetrators of the 9/11attack were Islamic. Additionally, the American society split intofactions based on the racial descent where white supremaciststargeted immigrants blaming them for the attacks and other problemsthat followed the attacks. Indeed, the attitude of the United Statesgovernment itself changed based on the changes it effected at allpoints of exit and entry into the country (Hendricks &amp Hendricks,2014). Immigrants and even tourists would be subject to rigorousvetting and travelers from the Middle East and other Islamiccountries underwent additional screening. The country went to war inAfghanistan and other regions of the world with ties to the Al Qaedaand its terrorist affiliate factions. Finally, the global attitudeand social mindset on those suspected of terrorism as well as radicalMuslims changed completely.

Similarly,the Paris bombings on November 2015 in France left 130 people deadand injured hundreds more. The effects on the French economy as wellas the European Union were on an unprecedented scale. The country,which has one of the largest Muslim populations in Europe, startedscreening Muslims and even rejected the thousands of refugees seekingasylum from Africa and Asia based on their religion (Chomsky &ampVltchek, 2013). Within the country, indigenous Frenchmen startedtargeting Muslims, and the initial rift between Christians andMuslims grew.

Social-ethicalimplications

Basedon the definition of social ethics as the rules or norms that definecoexistence among members of society, we find that global terrorismhas caused many such implications. First, there are severe changes tothe role that violence plays in sorting out major disputes anddifferences in the current global society (Kasher, 2015). Due to thelarge extent of diversity where people from various background andbelief structures choose to coexist for commerce, study orsettlement, the demarcation among these differences can never beaccurate. However, when one group feels wronged or needs to compelthe government to meet some demands, it is more likely to resort toterrorism. Initially, violence was reserved for self-defense as wellas for war. Therefore, from a social-ethical perspective, globalterrorism has changed the initial roles and uses of violence in thecurrent society which has led to major implications globally.

Secondly,there is an increase in the levels of sensitization among differentmembers of the society to Islamic and Muslim members of society.Initially, the differences that existed among different people of theworld were forgotten as the global society was keen to develop anddepart from the dark decades of World War One, Two, colonial periodin Africa, Cold War, and Apartheid in South Africa (Sukabdi, 2015).However, the recent emergence of global terrorism perpetrated mostlyby radicalized Muslims has shifted a negative attention to otherMuslims in the world.

Beforethe emergence of the scourge of global terrorism, many countries andtheir societies held their territories on account of trade andtaxation purposes. There was no need for clear fences and themaintenance of such distinct boundaries using lethal force. However,the emergence of terrorist factions that have even overthrown entiregovernments have forced their neighbors to close off these boundariesand protect them using lethal force and armed guard (Braswell,McCarthy &amp McCarthy, 2014). Therefore, global terrorism reawakensthe need among society to shut out perceived foreigners whileshunning external parties for an enclosed existence. Such socialpractices not only contradict globalization, but they alsodemonstrate the implications of social-ethical issues surroundingterrorism on a global scale.

Callto action and conclusion

Thesocial-ethical implications of terrorism and its global perspectivehave a far-reaching effect on the future. The effect requires thecombined effort to suppress existing terror cells using a mix ofsanctions, embargoes, and tactical military action. Additionally,there is another need to curb the radicalization of youth by theseterror cells, which is what has ensured their continuity. Governmentsneed to enact better surveillance and intelligence gatheringactivities to ensure they capture suspects and imprison them for longterms. The society too should contribute by reporting all suspiciousbehavior as well as monitoring their activities to prevent fallingvictim to terrorist attacks. However, the combined effort of society,governments, and security organizations is what will introduce changeto the current state of affairs.

References

Bartlett,J., &amp Miller, C. (2013). The state of the art: A literaturereview of social media intelligence capabilities forcounter-terrorism. no.November.

Bruce,G. (2013). Definition of terrorism social and political effects.Journalof Military and Veterans Health,21(2),26.

Braswell,M. C., McCarthy, B. R., &amp McCarthy, B. J. (2014). Justice,crime, and ethics.Routledge.

Chomsky,N., &amp Vltchek, A. (2013). Onwestern terrorism: From Hiroshima to drone warfare(Vol. 2). London: Pluto Press.

Dexter,H., &amp Guittet, E. P. (2014). Teaching (something about)terrorism: Ethical and methodological problems, pedagogicalsuggestions. InternationalStudies Perspectives,15(4),374-393.

Hendricks,J. E., &amp Hendricks, C. S. (2014). Crisisintervention in criminal justice/social service.Charles C Thomas Publisher.

Kasher,A. (2015). Jewish Ethics and War.

Sukabdi,Z. (2015). Terrorism in Indonesia: A review on rehabilitation andderadicalization. Journalof Terrorism Research,6(2).