Confucius and Culture Question 1

Confuciusand Culture


Likemany societies, the Canadian culture has several rituals structuredto commemorate important dates in the life of a person. The main onesinclude weddings, birthdays, graduation and funerals. There are alsorules that are situation specific and exhibit the limits of societalcustoms. They advocate for respect, carefulness, boldness as well asstraightforwardness with limits. Upon crossing the line, thesecustoms do not exhibit good manners as they should. They areimportant as people live once.


Liadvocates for propriety and Confucius place it among top threevirtues. In my opinion, propriety, correctness in behavior andmanners is very vital. It comes at the top just as Confuciusproposes. In the contemporary world, a large number of people areexposed to what is wrong and what is right. However, a largepopulation does not know that these good virtues have their limit.Propriety as a virtue enables an individual to find out when theirreal virtues have reached their limits and are subject tomisinterpretation. That way, despite clear definitions of superiorsand subordinates, people have respect for each other and know whentheir good manners are not welcome. Besides, propriety helps thesociety to internalize their actions for the purpose of appropriateinterpretation.


Jenrefers to not only sensitivity to human virtues but also a carefulexhibition of these virtues with other people`s feelings in mind.According to the master in question, it is love for all men. Thatmeans that one has careful consideration of inner feelingsreciprocated by a recipient. To exhibit, humanness means to show actsof kindness. People do to others what they would appreciate if theywere the beneficiaries. That people think before they act and theychoose their actions carefully so that they do not hurt otherpeople`s feelings. They have mercy for humankind and try their bestto achieve harmony in the society. Individuals appreciate others andwork hard to exhibit their appreciation of humanity through theiractions, and respect for human beings.


Inthe talk between Confucius and the Duke of She, we find two differentviews of what uprightness means. According to the Duke of She, it isupright if a son bears witness of his father`s wrong doings. Thatmeans, a child, despite being subordinate to the father, isconsidered doing the right thing if he can challenge the father infront of witnesses. Therefore, to this community, one shouldchallenge other people`s wrongs, and anyone can do so. On the otherhand, Confucius claims that it is upright if a father conceals thesins of his son and the son covers the sins of the father. In thiscase, anyone can realize mistakes done by the other party. However,witnessing it before people is not prudent, but keeping secrets ofpeople`s sins is a wise action.


Canadianrelationship between a child and a parent is majorly that of asuperior and a subordinate. The father is superior to the child whilethe child is subordinate. Both Canadian family and Confucius agreethat gentle remonstration can occur between a parent and a child.However, they disagree on an action to take when the parents cannotlisten. In most cases, a Canadian family would prefer that a thirdparty is introduced to solve the disagreement between a father and ason. On the other hand, Confucius proposed reference incase a parentis not willing to listen to the gentle objection.