ConceptAnalysis: Safety Culture
ConceptAnalysis: Safety Culture
Bernstein(2011) begins with an introduction that provides the background ofthe concept before conducting a literature review on literarymaterial explaining the use of the concept in nursing, analyzing theliterature and offering a conclusion.
Sitterding(2011)initiatesthe concept analysis by defining the concept, elaborating on variousfactors that affect safety in nursing and establishes thesignificance of the concept before offering a conclusion.
Inboth articles, the predominant processes of concept analysis includeintroduction of the concept, statement of attributes of the concept,establishment of antecedents, and statement of consequences.
Definition of the Concept
Safetyculture is part of the organizational traditions of institutionscreated to prevent accidents and promote the security of peoplewithin the work environment. The process requires adjustment ofbehavior by employees to reduce the likelihood of occurrences thatresult in injuries (Stanley, 2011). The author states that fordoctors and nurses, there is a need to consider efficiency inperformance of duties in addition to technical and policyconsiderations.
Differencein Definition of Concept: Nursing V Other Disciplines
Thedefinition of the concept in nursing differs from other disciplinesprimarily as a result of application. The application of the conceptin nursing and healthcare serves to protect lives of patients,nurses, and staff in healthcare institutions. In other disciplines,it mainly serves to protect employees and other personnel workingwithin the institution, to the exclusion of clients.
Characteristics/Attributes of Concept in Nursing
Protectionof Nurses, Staff and Patients
Personnelin healthcare institutions, especially nurses should strive forrobust safety culture, for themselves and for patients (Sitterding,2011). Some of the useful measures in the accomplishment of the taskrequire health self-assessment and capitalization on team work toimprove the health of nurses and the subsequent health of theirpatients.
Applicationof Multi-faceted Strategies
Animportant facet in safety culture for nurses is the utilization ofnew technological equipment for enhanced communication (Barnsteiner,2011). For instance, the use of cameras to monitor patients enhancesthe ability of nurses to reduce bed falls by monitoring more patientswithin shorter periods. Safety culture practices should aid in theimprovement of teamwork through exposure of nurses to surroundingsoutside their comfort zones as a means to enhance preparedness.
Frequentreviews of codes of conduct ensure that the hospital retains itsadaptability to the changing work environment. For instance, suchreviews should include the incorporation of comfortable attire thatallows nurses to move with ease while boosting their confidence. Theservices of independent auditors also provide another means throughwhich hospitals can obtain an outsider’s perspective on policiesand acquire objective solutions. The traditional practice applicablefor most health institutions involve the solicitation of opinionsforms in-house personnel and development of strategies at internalmeetings.
Antecedentsare prerequisite conditions that aid in the manifestation oroccurrence of a concept (McEwin & Wills, 2014). On the otherhand, term consequences describe the result of the occurrence orimplementation of a concept (McEwin & Wills, 2014). In the caseof safety culture, one of the most prominent antecedents is riskanalysis, which involves the evaluation of possible risks and theirimpact on hospital staff (Bernstein, 2011). The purpose of riskanalysis is to establish the level of damage that a risk would causeto safety in addition to identifying viable options to mitigate theeffects or prevent the occurrence of the danger (Sitterding, 2011).Risk assessment allows a hospital’s management to develop safetyprocedures and practices that nurses can adopt in their dailyroutines for their safety, as well as that of their patients.
Asecond antecedent for the development of safety culture is a reviewof hospital practices. The primary purpose is to identify andeliminate redundant and negative practices that hinder theachievement of proper safety to create room for development ofpractices that perpetuate safety for nurses (Sitterding, 2011). Forinstance, inadequate sleep often causes irrational decision-making,increases irritability, and enhances forgetfulness, thus increasingchances of the occurrence of accidents.
Insummation, the above analysis indicates that safety culture is amulti-faceted concept that concerns the protection of health fornurses, as well as their patients. Although the concept primarilyexplores behavioral patterns of nurses in relation to safety, it alsoinvolves an investigation of policies and strategies withinhealthcare institutions.
Bernsteiner,J (2011). Teaching the Culture of Safety. TheOnline Journal of Issues in Nursing 46.
McEwinM. & Wills, E. M (2014). TheoreticalBasis of Nursing (4thEd.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters
Stanley,D. (2011). Clinical leadership: Innovation into action. South Yarra:Palgrave Macmillan.
Sitterding,M. (2011). Creating a Culture of Safety: The Next Steps. TheOnline Journal of Issues in Nursing 46.