TheBook of Genesis
Genesisis the first book of the Bible and the Old Testament. It is a lawbook, believed to have been written by Moses by 1445 B.C. Genesisprimarily conveys the creation story. However, it contains numerousthemes that touch on a range of subjects concerning human life. Thekey themes in this book include wealth, generosity, God’sblessings, faith, trust, reconciliation, and hospitality amongothers. Therefore, it can be argued that the themes contained inGenesis primarily point out to doing well to other humans andtrusting in God.
Thepurpose of the book of Genesis was to enable the human race to tracethe beginning of life. The Book highlights God’s first encounterwith man through Adam and Eve. Moreover, the authors wanted tohighlight the promises of God to his people through Abraham as theirfather (Boadtet al., 2012).It also highlights the supernatural beginnings of the land of Israel,which lays the foundation of the modern Christian faith. One of themajor events in the Book is “creation” which describes the originof life (Boadtet al., 2012).The other major event is the testing of Abraham’s faith as well asAbrahams Covent with God the last event is Noah’s ark and theflood. The main personalities in the book of Genesis include Adam andEve, Abraham, Noah, Sarah, Jacob, Laban and God. These personalitiesconstitute significant sections of the Books plot (Boadtet al., 2012).
Abrahamis a Biblical character whose personality comes out vividly in thehistory of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. He plays a vital role inthese religions. In Islam for instance, he is considered a prophet,Judaism deemed him as the ‘father’ of their religion, while inChristianity, through his lineage, and the Messiah comes to theworld. Abraham was born in the city of Ur as Abram in 1800 BCE andlived through to around 1500 BCE (Goldingay,2015).His father, Terach, had two other sons named Haran and Nachor. Whileliving in Ur, Abraham married his half-sister named Sarai, who latertook the name, Sarah.
Abrahamlearned that it was silly to worship idols because there was a trueGod as young as age three. At the age of 75 years, God appeared toAbraham and commanded him to leave his homeland with his wife andbelonging and move to Canaan (Goldingay,2015).God promised Abraham greatness by giving him many descendants and agreat nation. Abraham followed God’s command and took with him hisnephew Lot.
Helived in Canaan as a nomad, and when the lad was struck by famine, heand his family moved to Egypt. Abraham and his family returned toCanaan after the drought ended. He and his nephew Lot amassed greatwealth in form livestock, silver, and gold. God appeared to Abrahamagain and revealed that He would endow him with land together withhis descendants, whom he will not be able to count.
Whenthe war started in the Jordan Plains, King Chedorlaomer held Lotcaptive. Abraham took his servants, went and fought the captors andsuccessfully freed Lot and some other prisoners. Priest Melchizedekblessed him for his bravery. Abraham was getting old and did not havea son. His wife told him to go and wed their slave Hagar, with whomthey bore a son and named him Ishmael (Goldingay,2015).Hagar fled with the child because of constant conflicts with Sarah,but God told her to return home because the baby would be blessed.Later, God gave Abraham and Sarah a son and named him Isaac. When hegrew older, Sarah died in Hebron, and Abraham buried her. He thenfound a wife for Isaac, and he too remarried a woman named Keturahwith whom they bore six children before he died at the age of 175years.
TheCity of Ur
Uris the land that was native to Haran. Abraham and Terah started theirlives from this city before heading to God’s promised land ofCanaan (Finegan,2015).We can find this detail in the book of Genesis 11:31. In the book ofGenesis, the authors of the Word refer to it as “Ur of theChaldees.” However, in the Book of Acts, the city is named asMesopotamia. This description is found in Acts 7:2, 4. Explorers haveidentified the city with some ancient traditions of the city ofOrfah, which lies in Mesopotamia (Finegan,2015).Ur was characteristically a Maritime city because of the watersavailable from the Persian Gulf. The city was abandoned approximately500 B.C, the evidence of the existence of the city include numeroustombs thus acquiring the name the sacred cemetery city (Finegan,2015).
Themain economic activity in the city included trade with countries suchas Ethiopia, India, and Egypt. Ur was a city characterized by sin andthe worship of the Babylonian god. Ur holds Biblical significancebecause it is the birthplace of Abraham (Finegan,2015).Christians regard Abraham as the father of the nation of Israel.Biblically, Abraham was a friend of the Lord because of his trueFaith. Abraham made a covenant with God to make him the father of agreat nation i.e. Israel. As Christians, Abraham holds greatsignificance because he is a representation of God’s promise to hispeople as well as a symbol of faith (Finegan,2015).Therefore, Ur, being the birthplace of Abraham, is an important cityin the Christian dictionary.
Boadt,L., Clifford, R. J., & Harrington, D. J. (2012). Readingthe Old Testament: an introduction.Paulist Press.
Finegan,J. (2015). Lightfrom the Ancient Past, Vol. 1: The Archaeological Background of theHebrew-Christian Religion (Vol.1). Princeton University Press.
Goldingay,J. (2015). Biblical Story and the Way it Shapes Our Story. Journalof the European Pentecostal Theological Association.