Beesand Why We Need to Stop their Extinction
Bees`extinction and why it needs to be stopped has been researchedextensively. One of the groups of researchers who have explored thistopic is Goulson et al. The paper discussing the drives of bees’decline in population was published in the Science Journal in 2015.These scholars argue that bees are subjected to various stressors inthe modern world. The team begins by explaining whether there isrecorded evidence of pollination crisis in the world (Goulson 3).They cite reputable sources with clearly defined statistics and useof emotional appeals however, the credibility of their paper isweakened because, in the end, they seem to agree that there is nopollination crisis currently and that predicting future pollinationcrisis is also difficult.
Theresearchers continue by attempting to find out whether there ispollination crisis in the world. From the statistics quoted, 75% ofcrops are insect pollinated and the global service worth of thispollination is about $125 billion (Goulson et al., 145). With thestatistics, the decline in the population of bees may reduce cropyield, since the extinction of bees would result in inadequatepollination. The scientists continue with their argument by statingthat there are widespread reports of honey bee colony loss fromvarious locations across the globe referred to as Colony CollapseDisorder. Goulson et al. describe some of the drivers resulting inbee decline and the loss of colony for the honey bee. Some of theexplained drivers include habitat loss, parasites, and diseases,monotonous diet, pesticides, competition, climate change and shippingfever, to mention just a few.
Theyalso explain the interaction between the stressors that contribute tothe risk of bee extinction. They state that combined effect ofmultiple stressors may be more harmful than a single stressor on itsown. Finally, the paper outlines a variety of measures that can beundertaken for sustainable pollination in the future (Goulson 19).Among the measures outlined include developing monitoring programsprohibiting the introduction of different bees, parasites andpathogens in an area reducing the level of exposure to pesticidesproviding net sites and increasing diversity, continuity, andabundance of flora resources.
Throughoutthe research, the scholars use credible sources of information thatstrengthen the credibility of their argument and appeal to ethos.Some sources are cited for example, a study conducted by Klein etal. with the finding that the Fruit set of highland are on the risedue to the diversity of pollinating bees (Goulson et al., 156).Another source is the report that aimed at providing a warning topollination crisis in North America. Citing these sources boost thecredibility of the research since expert opinions, and somestatistics to support the claim are outlined.
Strongappeal to logos is also used in the study to express the group’sargument. Shown in a progressive manner, the researchers offerevidence of whether there is pollination crisis. Statistics tosupport the claim are cited. They then explain, citing evidence,drivers of honey bee colony losses and the decline of wild bees. Witha goal of establishing sustainable pollination into the future, theysummarize their paper by providing various constructive suggestionsand proposals.
Whileproposing a solution to the extinction of bees, the team appliesviable logos appeals. The researchers state that it is ourresponsibility to ensure that there are adequate pollinators in casewe wish to continue planting a variety of insect-pollinated crops. Werun the risk of crop supply failure if we allow the bees to beextinct (Goulson et al., 172). Though the researchers begin the essayby building a strong argument, they concede that they have no dataregarding the change in bee population over time. As such,establishing the reduction in the population of various species ofbees is difficult. The unavailability of trends in bee populationregarding species weakens their ethos.
Goulson,D, E Nicholls, C Botias, and E L. Rotheray. "Bee Declines Drivenby Combined Stress from Parasites, Pesticides, and Lack of Flowers."Science.347.6229 (2015): 1255957. Print.
Goulson,D. "Bee Declines Driven by Combined Stress from Parasites,Pesticides, and Lack of Flowers." Science.6229 (2015): 1435-1435. Print.