Art History Survey

ART HISTORY SURVEY 6

ArtHistory Survey

Abstract

Afterreading about arts, it is evident that the Chinese arts makes use ofvarious media to come up with an image. The Chinese art issignificant in that it was a pre-requisite into entry into job,captures both outer and inner essence, and the form of painting waspreferred by professionals. Equally, the Japanese art applieddifferent media for its painting. The significance of the painting isthat it offers description of the surrounding environment, is asource of inspiration for artists from across the world, and openedup Japan into world economic systems. Thepurpose of this is to come up with a summary discussion of theChinese and Japanese Arts alongside their significances.

TheChinese Art

TheChinese Art is available in different media such as painting, wallscroll, porcelain, calligraphy, pottery, carvings, or hand fan.Despite these various media, the Chinese Art has good qualitiesmaking it pleasing to the eye. The Chinese have a particular way ofappreciating paintings through the expression du hua (Hearn, 2008).The desire of the Chinese painter is not only capturing the outerappearance of an object but most importantly to capture the inneressence. To achieve this goal, the artist does not use color becauseit presents a form of distraction. For instance, the Night-ShiningWhite which despite the many years of existence and transformationsstill portrays the animal’s energy (Hearn, 2008).

Theachievement of mastery in painting requires the practice ofcalligraphy. Since an early age, the Chinese have the exposure to thevarious stylistic interpretations of the characters of art. Withtime, this exposure would result in the evolution of personal stylesby a practitioner re-interpreting the earlier models of painting. Theinnovations of Wang Xizhi made calligraphy practice a high art, andby the eleventh century, calligraphy was among the determinants ofsecuring a job placement in the government (Hearn, 2008).

TheChinese scholar-painters made use of ink and paper on subjects suchas rocks and old trees which were quickly drawn using skills similarto those of calligraphy. This form of art they employed wassignificant because professionals preferred it. The painters wereproud of their achievement and improvised their paintings more, acrucial step in the animation of their subjects. Thesescholar-artists incorporated calligraphy alongside style andsymbolism for expression of feelings and beliefs leaving crafting ofportraits to artisans (Hearn, 2008). Although the artisans had thecapability to capture the likeness of an individual, their workscould never depict the profound aspects of the character of a man.

TheJapanese Art.

Thegreat wave remains the most iconic works of the Japanese art acrossthe entire world. The Great Wave presents an energetic and imposingpicture of Hokusai Katsushika, a Japanese artist. Variousdistinguished Japanese artists and Western scholars have a collectionof monographs portraying vast research on Hokusai with manyillustrations allowing the exploration of Hokusai’s fascinatingworld.

Theextended wave which is about to break presents the most eye appealingfeature of the Great wave painting (Organ, 2013). According to thepainting, the wave is seemingly about to strike the boats in asimilar manner as a huge monster. The significance of such a displayis to symbolize the weakness of human beings irresistible force ofnature. The Great wave also presents complete color view.

Despitethe fact that the image of Great wave appears to be typicallyJapanese art, it also has a mix of the East and West influence. Theartist of the picture portrays imagination and inventive charactersthrough the image. Various artists from Japan and Western drawinfluence from the picture to design other paintings. By thetwentieth Century and beyond, the image had spread widely among thepopular cultures with frequent adoption and replication (Organ,2013).

Thepicture by Hokusai opened up Japan through appreciation andadmiration of the image although its creation was in isolation(Organ, 2013). Various books, for instance, gun boat diplomacy drawnfrom the picture helped melt the resistance by Japanese to relatewith the rest of the world. As a result, Japan adopted new economicmodel and ultimately becoming key players in the international market(Organ, 2013). The image could be translated to imply waves show thedetermination of going elsewhere alongside the possibilities ofgetting treasures outside Japan. Since then, Japan has had continuedinteractions with the rest of the world promoting the global economicsystem.

References

Hearn,M (2008). “Chinese Painting.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of ArtHistory. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–.

Organ,M. (2013). Tolkien’s Japonisme: Prints, Dragons, and a Great Wave.Tolkien Studies,10(1), 105- 122.

Art History Survey

ArtHistory Survey

ArtHistory Survey

Thisshort documentary provides an overview of art relating to Buddhistreligion in India. The documentary features Indian community membersfrom Bay Area describing the context of Buddhist arts in South Asia.The documentary was created by the Asian Art Museum based in SanFrancisco, which ranks among the largest museums of Asian Art on theglobe. The documentary particularly examines the role of art inBuddhism. It takes an educational stance by illustrating thelifestyle of the Bodhisattva (individual inspired by great empathy toattain Buddhahood for the benefit of conscious beings). Thedocumentary goes further to illustrate his final life as Buddha(someone on whose teachings Buddhism was founded) and reveals thelifestyle of present Bodhisattvas. The documentary conveys the factthat the art of religion is always functional given its ritualizedand sacred nature. It explores the meaning of Buddhist art throughaccounts given by eyewitnesses and experts in the religion.

Thethree most important things covered in this documentary are theaniconic representations of Buddha, the cave temples of Buddhists andtheir famous stupas (dome-shaped commemorative monuments). Amongother things, the documentary also focuses on the forms ofAvalokiteshvara and the developing images of Buddha. According to thedocumentary, the Buddhist stupas are significant structures to thereligion because they preserve relics associated with Buddha andother sainty individuals. The early places of worship took numerousforms such as caves, trees, and natural sites. However, temples haveevolved with time due to changing worship needs and necessity of aplace to perform Buddhist rituals and preserve images of idols.Regarding aniconic representations, the film examines a range ofimages of Buddhist deities protected through artistic impressions.

Reference

YouTube.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jl6S0wdeWk4