500 Years of Chicano History

500Years of Chicano History

  1. Who were the Brown Berets? And where are they now?

BrownBerets were a pro-Chicano organization that emerged in the late 1960sduring the Chicano movement. It consisted of young Chicanorevolutionaries from the Southwest barrios who were fighting for theself-determination of their people. It revolved around educationalreform, farm worker’s struggles, and anti-war activism. Its mainaim was to seek freedom for its people and liberation for their landfrom oppressive and repressive colonizers. It fought againstinequality in educational institutions and police brutality towardthe Blacks. Until the present day, the organization remains active.It continues to empower Chicanos with education in order to fightagainst oppression and white supremacy. According to its NationalCommander, Chimali Cuetlachtli, it will continue to fight for basichuman rights and dignity (Estevezn.p).

  1. What is the UFW and what is it doing now?

UnitedFarm Workers (UFW) is a farm workers labor union in the UnitedStates. The National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) and AgriculturalWorkers Organizing Committee (AWOC), which were workers’ rightorganization merged to form the union. This is after series ofstrikes in 1965 when Filipino farm workers in Delano, California, whowere members of AWOC, started a strike and the NFWA supported them(Wienern.p).Their commonality in goals and methods facilitated them to merge.Today, the union is uniting employees all over California and otherstates, particularly those working in the grape industry in thecentral valley. It advocates for better working conditions, betterpay, consumer safety, and social justice.

  1. What is La Raza Unida?

LaRaza Unida, also known as United Race Party or National UnitedPeoples Party, is a Chicano Political party. It was formed in 1970,at a meeting of Mexican Americans at Crystal City, Texas, and itbecame prominent in South California and Texas (Bacan.p).Mario Compean and JoséÁngel Gutiérrez were its principal organizers. Its main role was todeal with legitimate civil rights issues, labor rights, sexism, andeducation reform.

  1. Who where Los Siete de La Raza?

LosSiete de La Raza was a team of seven young Latinos from LatinoMission District framed for murdering a police officer in SanFrancisco, California. On May 1, 1969, the young men approached twoplainclothes police officers, Paul McGoran and Joe Brodnik, whilemoving a TV or Stereo into a house at 429-433 along Alvarado Street.The altercation left Joe Brodnik dead from a gunshot wound from herfellow colleague weapon. Three days later, the six defendants werearrested for attempted murder of McGoran and Murder of Brodnik, andburglary. However, the seventh defendant was not apprehended.

  1. Who was Ruben Salazer?&nbsp

Bornin 1928, Ruben Salazar was Los Angeles Times reporter, and the firstMexican-American journalist to cover stories from Chicano community.He worked at Press Democrat, San Francisco, and Log Angeles Times. Hewas a distinguished journalist in the mainstream media for hissupport for the Chicano movement. He felt it was his professional andpersonal responsibility to support the racial minorities in East LosAngeles. He published an article “Who is a Chicano? And what is itthe Chicanos want?” in Los Angeles Times to show his frustrationfor lack of Mexican-American representation among the city councilrepresentatives. Most Mexican-American saw him as a hero because hehelped Chicanos to gain true equality in the United States. He diedin 1970 during the National Chicano Moratorium March in California.

  1. Describe the Chicana/Latina oppression&nbsp

Chicana/Latinaoppression arose from a multitude of domineering means. It was due tothree main reasons. Firstly, it was due to ethnicity whereby theAnglo society exploited them economically and politically. Secondly,it was due to gender. The Chicano culture overstated male dominationwhere men oppressed women, as well as considered as their subordinate(Gonzalez89).Lastly, it was due to Chicana heritage, which was because ofcolonization of Chicano.

  1. What is the history of U.S intervention in Central America?&nbsp

Bythe 20thcentury, U.S companies dominated five Central American republicseconomies, especially by controlling railroads, banana production,mines, port facilities, and banking institutions. During U.Sintervention in Central America, El Salvadorian government subjectedit people to massacres and death squads (McPherson56).In solidarity of El Salvador, the U.S sent them direct militaryassistance of more than six billion dollars. They engaged in debatesabout military, political, cultural, and economic motives that shapedtheir interventions in Central America.

  1. Who is Culture Clash?

Cultureclash is a conflict between two or more cultures arising due todifferent beliefs, practices, and values. According to (Gonzalez45),criminal offenses and delinquencies also result from culture clashes.Typically, it occurs when people’s expectations of a particularbehavior are not met because different of cultural background.Further Gonzalez(45) arguesculture clashes are not easy to resolve due to differing beliefs ofthe parties. It is even more complex if it is reflected in politicsbecause it can result in civil war. For instance, the American civilwar was because of differing views on slavery.


Baca,Herman. &quotLa Raza Unida Party`s National Convention 40 YearsLater: Time for a Third U.S. Political Party? – San Diego FreePress.&quot SanDiego Free Press.N.p., 29 Aug. 2012. Web. 05s Oct. 2016.

Estevez,Marjua. &quotFormation: The Little Known History Of The BrownBerets.&quot Vibe.N.p., 23 Feb. 2016. Web. 05 Oct. 2016.

Gonzalez,Gilbert G.&nbspChicanoEducation in the Era of Segregation., 2013. Print.

McPherson,Alan L.&nbspAShort History of U.S. Interventions in Latin America and theCaribbean., 2016. Print.

Wiener,Jon. &quotCesar Chavez and the Farmworkers: What Went Wrong?&quotTheNation.N.p., 05 Jan. 2015. Web. 05 Oct. 2016.